Racial Disparities in Criminal Justice - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Racial Disparities in the Criminal Justice System Name Institution Racial Disparities in the Criminal Justice System It is undeniable that America is one of the most racially and ethnically diverse countries in the world and while major strides have been made in terms of ensuring that equality for all its citizens prevails there still is a great deal that needs to be done…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.1% of users find it useful
Racial Disparities in Criminal Justice
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Racial Disparities in Criminal Justice"

Download file to see previous pages Racial disparity in the criminal justice system is a situation in which the numbers of individuals from an ethnic group or race under the control of the criminal justice system is disproportionately greater than their numbers in the rest of the population. Such a situation casts a bad light and suspicion upon the criminal justice system and as a result calls for intervention and study. Through reviewing literature from the turn of this millennium this study will demonstrate the presence and extent of racial disparity currently within the criminal justice system stages. This will involve a review of the statistics of the situation, causes of this racial disparity, its impacts and possible interventions. Racial disparity within the criminal justice system will then be discussed in terms of ethics and how it transgresses the principals and foundations on which America was built. The Statistics The figures available on this issue paint a grim picture of the situation indicating that the racial disparity is as a result of cumulative decisions made in the criminal justice system. While African Americans make up only 12.7% of the US population they contribute 48.2% of all adults in the American jails. Interestingly, while Whites contribute 72% of all drug abusers and African Americans only 15%, the latter are arrested more for drug abuse. Latinos make up 18.6% of the population in prisons and 22.5% of all arrested drug abusers when they are only 11.1% of the entire population. 4% of all American Indian adults are under control of the criminal justice system which is more than twice the Whites while considering the considerably small numbers of American Indians today. 42.5% of all prisoners awaiting capital punishment are African American which translates to over thrice their national population. As of 2003, the rate of imprisonment per 100,000 for every race was 2,526 for African Americans, 997 for Latinos, 709 for American Indians and only 376 for Whites. The chances that an African American person will be incarcerated at one point in their lifetime is 32%, 17% for Latinos and 6% for Whites which translates to 1 in every 3 African Americans, 1 in every 6 Latinos and 1 in every 17 Whites. The emerging trends in drug crime indicate that colored women are the highest growing proportion in jails (Coker, 2003; Pager et al, 2009). Nearly 10% of young African American men (24-29 years) were in jails while 25% of African Americans aged 18-34 were under the criminal justice system compared to 6% whites in the same age brackets at the turn of the millennium. When compared to other criminal justice systems around the world, the rate of African American imprisonment can only be termed as astronomical by world standards (Pager, et al., 2009). Breaking the figures down according to stages of the criminal justice system reveals that there is racial and ethnic disparity during arrests. Minority drivers are stopped and searched for contraband at higher rates. 5.2% of African Americans and 4.2% Latinos are stopped by police when driving as compared to 2.6% of Whites. Law enforcement officers are more likely to conduct a search on a vehicle with African Americans as occupants (15.9%) and Latinos (14.2%) than Whites (7.9%). 75.7% of African Americans and 79.4% of Hispanics are likely to be given tickets when stopped compared to ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Racial Disparities in Criminal Justice Research Paper”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/law/1432050-racial-disparities-in-criminal-justice
(Racial Disparities in Criminal Justice Research Paper)
https://studentshare.org/law/1432050-racial-disparities-in-criminal-justice.
“Racial Disparities in Criminal Justice Research Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/law/1432050-racial-disparities-in-criminal-justice.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Racial Disparities in Criminal Justice

Racial Discrimination in Criminal Justice System

...? Introduction Racial discrimination in the criminal justice system is prevalent in areas where the minority ethnic groups reside. This discrimination goes unreported or always neglected. Racism flaws the process of police enforcement in criminal activities. The targeting of these groups is evident when police profile according to race of the individuals, the identification of then suspects from a minority group majorly based on ethnic origin on color constitutes racism in the criminal justice system Spalek (2008). The targeting of these groups by the police on the notion that they commit more crimes acts to deepen the alienation and...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Racial Disparities in Capital Punishment

... Topic: Racial disparities in capital punishment In the criminal justice system, justice is supposed to be dispensed in accordance with the legal distinctive features of a case but not on the social or racial background of a victim and defendant. Therefore, justice should be oblivious to these aspects but many investigations on capital punishment and race in the United States have established that nothing could be further from the truth. A research study conducted by Baldus, et al. (1998, pp1654-1697) in Philadelphia to investigate racial disparities in capital punishment revealed...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Criminal justice/ criminal law

...?Q: Reflecting on the conflicts of interest evident in the progress of the first trial before the International Criminal Court, critically analyse the aims of the ICC against: the context of legitimacy, and; suggestions that the ICC should not aspire to influence peace-building and global governance. 1.0 Introduction The International Criminal Court (ICC) is a product of a century-long search for an international entity that could bring perpetrators of crimes that cannot be handled by a national court to justice, for one reason or another. The ICC, however, is not merely a tribunal that tries specific crimes, but an international entity that carries with it the responsibility of promoting...
16 Pages(4000 words)Essay

Racial Disparities in Correction Populations

...There are varying evidences of racial disparities in correctional populations and basically this can be illustrated by understanding the percentage of racial groups represented in a certain population, the number of individuals of a racial or minority groups that are integral parts of the criminal justice system, and many more (Walker, Spohn & Delone 2011). In 2004 for instance and as stated earlier, African American population constituted only about 12 percent of the population in the US. However, out of this 12 percent population, 27 percent arrested in the US of that year came from the African American population. If this has to be...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Racial Injustice in UKS Criminal Justice System

...Racial Injustice in UK'S Criminal Justice System The justice system is a system which is meant to enhance the safety and security of the citizensof the society in which it is in place. Although justice is meant to involve the utilization of sound evidence, the factor of race often sways this objective practice. Racial minorities in the UK, especially blacks, must experience the justice system not as a safeguard to their safety and security but rather as a threat. "Since at least the post-World War II black immigration into Britain, studies and official statistics have shown that on comparing socioeconomic indicators...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Racial Disparity in Criminal Justice

...Running head: Racial Disparity in Criminal Justice The death penalty is one of the most contentious topics and only those damned to the wages of this indisputable sin surpass it. Minorities like Hispanics, Latinos and African-Americans aggregate this ongoing barrage of prejudice. There is a rapid escalation of racial disparity with criminal laws being enforced in a pervasively and extremely biased manner. This paper discusses the issue of racial disparity in the death penalty. Examining several cases of criminal justice policies in the United States, it...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Criminal Justice - Youth Justice

...Introduction Juvenile delinquency is always a problem in most societies today. However, juvenile justice has improved markedly over the last decades when compared to the earlier centuries in which young offenders were imposed harsh sentences not commensurate with their crimes. It was often worse when these young criminals were sent to prison with adult and very hardened criminals, further victimizing them instead of offering some rehabilitation. Recent moves are more enlightened with young offenders given separate facilities and even offered a form of counselling that will restore them to society. The focus is no longer on punishment. A search for committed effective...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Criminal Justice/ Criminal Law

...Criminal Justice/ Criminal Law: Burden of Proof Criminal Justice/ Criminal Law: Burden of Proof Many are the times when peoplehave watched movies and films which dwell on criminal investigations and legal drama. In these films, the different aspects that are required for the prosecution, arraignment in court as well as sentencing of a person are brought forth. But some of the terms that are used in these films are never paid attention to and many just follow the plot. Terms such as criminal evidence, burden of proof, and innocent until proven guilty and beyond any reasonable doubt are seen as part of the...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Racial Discrimation in the Criminal Justice System

...overt racial discrimination may have diminished to the bare minimum, perceptive fairness of the entire criminal justice system is still a myth in reality in the United States. Minorities remain overrepresented at all stages of the criminal justice process both as offenders and as victims. Nothing services this claim than the statistical evidence of a racially skewed justice system tilted in favor of the white population as depicted in racial disparities in the American prison. For example, the U.S. Department of Justice reported that, today, majority of inmates admitted...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Racial Inequalities in the Criminal Justice System

...and Ethnicity Matter in Prosecution? A Review of Empirical Studies. Retried from www.prisonpolicy.org/..race-and-ethnicity. Motivans, M. (2015). Federal Justice Statistics, 2011–12. Retrieved February 15, 2015, from http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/fjs1112.pdf Motivans, M. (2015). Federal Justice Statistics, 2012 - Statistical Tables. Retrieved February 15, 2015, from http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/fjs12st.pdf Racial Discrimination in the Criminal Justice System. (2010). Retrieved from www.sagepublic.com/upm-data/46946 CH 3.pdf. Rattray, K., Lee, N., (2012). Racial Disparities in Sentencing in the U.S. and...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Racial Disparities in Criminal Justice for FREE!

Contact Us