Nobody downloaded yet

Presidental and Parliamentary Systems of Government - Term Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Presidential and Parliamentary Systems of Government Introduction In the US, presidential democracy functions better under certain conditions such as separation of powers, and checks and balances, provided there is strict adherence to these requirements. The following discussion will establish this contention…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.3% of users find it useful
Presidental and Parliamentary Systems of Government
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Presidental and Parliamentary Systems of Government"

Download file to see previous pages Finally, conclusions were arrived at. The presidential separation of powers is not typical of modern constitutionalism. As such, there are several constitutional democracies that depict the commingling of governmental powers. Most of these systems of government are parliamentary systems. Such systems exhibit reliance of the head of government on the legislature for political survival. Another important trait exhibited by such governments is the power of the executive to declare elections by bringing about dissolution of the legislature.1 In the presidential systems of government, such powers are rarely encountered. These systems uphold the principle of separation of powers. The latter provides a governmental branch with the power to oversee the actions of the other branches, which generates a system of governance based on mutual distrust between the various branches of the government. Such invasive overlap among government branches ensures that no specific branch of government obtains absolute power.2 In the US, delegation of power is quite strong, and society is politically active to a considerable extent, and there is extraordinary support from all quarters to the principle of democracy. Thus, the US represents a strong presidential system of government that differs from the Westminster model of democracy. The latter supports parliamentary democracy.3 The presidential system of the US establishes a strong President in the White House, who acts as the head of the state. In the Westminster model, the Prime Minister holds the position of pre-eminence. Despite these differences, both models focus on the concentration of power in the political party that has control over the legislature. In some democratic countries of Latin America, power is concentrated in the hands of a single person or party. Examples of such regimes are to be found in Venezuela, Colombia, and Costa Rica. 4 In the presidential systems of Greece and France, the President is elected by the people and power is concentrated in the office of the President. These systems are known as delegate democracies. 5 The presidential system of government frequently includes a bicameral legislature. The passage of any law requires control over the executive, and the upper and lower houses of the legislature. These three entities are not elected at the same time and in the same election, which drastically increases the scope for dissent. 6 Parliamentary democracy is characterized by comparatively better stability. However, development in a country results in people aspiring for greater freedom with regard to expressing dissent. In addition, there is a greater tendency to spread different viewpoints. In the UK these desires have led to a gradual transition of the system of government towards the presidential system. 7 In fact, there is little of the original Westminster model that pertains to the political system prevalent in the UK. It is now quite apparent that the parliamentary system with its stability and authoritarian norms is apt only as far as the developing nations are concerned. With growth among the populace of a nation, it becomes essential to adopt a system of government that replicates a presidential system of governance. 8 The President in a presidential system of governance appoints the members of the Cabinet. In general, the latter are not members of the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Presidental and Parliamentary Systems of Government Term Paper”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Presidental and Parliamentary Systems of Government Term Paper)
“Presidental and Parliamentary Systems of Government Term Paper”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Presidental and Parliamentary Systems of Government

Which is a better system of government: parliamentary or presidential

...? WHICH IS A BETTER GOVERNMENT: PARLIAMENTARY OR PRESIDENTIAL Your School of Engineering, Social Sciences, etc Number and Name of Course Instructor's Name Date of Paper Abstract This paper will present the definition and difference between a parliamentary and presidential form of government. The advantages and disadvantages of each system of government will also be discussed. Towards the end of this research, the question “Which is a better system of government: Parliamentary or Presidential?” shall be answered. Keywords: parliamentary, presidential, president, prime...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Parliamentary sovereignty

..., indirectly. Parliament provides means to the operations of a government. The personnel required to look after the affairs of the state and run various ministries, comes from the parliament and this is where a common man can be a part of the system as his selected candidate is now placed at the decision making slot.3 With great power comes great responsibility, the parliament is endowed with the task of legislation. In the greater interest of the public parliament has the additional charge of making, proposing and passing of laws that are to be practiced under the doctrine of state. Parliament also has the power to approve or reject any financial decisions regarding any ventures that come up to the...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Parliamentary sovereignty

...?Parliamentary Sovereignty The notion of Parliamentary Sovereignty has been central to democratic practice for a considerable period of time. In a democracy, the legislature is elected by popular vote and this has been a major feature of the English Constitution. In the initial stages of democracy in Britain, liberty was at grave risk due to monarchical power.1 As a consequence of the doctrine of Parliamentary Sovereignty, the Parliament was empowered to enact or rescind any law whatsoever. In addition, no individual or organisation was permitted by English Law to set aside or overrule legislation enacted by Parliament. In R (Jackson) v Attorney General,2 Lord Hope stated that...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Presidental Powers and Limitations a President for his or her term in the office that is set for four years. Appointment and Removal Power The enactment of civil service laws directs the federal government to appoint 90 percent of executive branch positions through merit systems; however, the president still has powers to appoint senior officers to set direction to his governance. C Q Press (2012) describes the various power of the President in that he can appoint ambassadors, judges of the Supreme Court, ministers and consuls and other officers of the US for which no provision has been made. The President also has powers to fill up any vacancy during the recess of the Senate through special rights called commissions....
7 Pages(1750 words)Term Paper

Parliamentary Sovereignty incorporated by an Act of Parliament.17 Under the monist theory, the treaty is binding on the signatory and will not require an Act of Parliament for ratification. According to Great Britain House of Commons, the “UK is a dualist state” and as such, “unless and until” a treaty is “incorporated into national law by legislation” it has no direct applicability in the UK.18 In this regard, unless and until an Act of Parliament incorporates a treaty, “national courts have no power to enforce treaty rights and obligations either on behalf of the Government or a private individual.”19 The dualist constitution is consistent with Dicey’s theory of Parliamentary sovereignty. According to Dicey, the concept of...
5 Pages(1250 words)Coursework

Financial Systems and Government

...ROLE OF GOVERNMENT IN DEVELOPING FINANCIAL SYSTEM Financial system is showing high-end results, impact on the part of economical evolutions in Australia mainly on cities and individual person's life standard. Government has total responsibility to involve itself. Because of the Financial system having tremendous impact on cities and they are transforming into great industrial belts. As the industries grow there will be visible impact on the economy. Job opportunities grow and innumerable colonies are developed. The growth is multifold and the technology exchange migration takes place. People of different nations migrate to cities. Different nations of...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Government Systems

...A government is "the organization that is the governing ity of a political unit, the ruling power in a political society, and the apparatus through which a governing body functions and exercises authority." Government, with the authority to make laws, to adjudicate disputes, and to issue administrative decisions, and with a monopoly of authorized force where it fails to persuade, is an indispensable means, proximately, to the peace of communal life." (American, 572) Parliamentary System The system which the real executive, the Cabinet or Ministry, is immediately and legally responsible to the legislature or one branch of...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Richard Neustadt's Studies Presidental Power

...of the American Presidency. He states that the American people tend to rate a President "from the moment he takes office . . . we are quite right to do so . . . his office has become the focal point of politics and policy in our political system" (Neustadt, p.1). He also argues that "we often make our judgments upon images of office that are far removed from the reality" (Neustadt, p.1). It is this discrepancy between image and reality which is one of the most important elements of Neustadt's book. Neustadt also argues that while it is perhaps natural to concentrate on the President as a single individual, a more accurate portrayal would consider the "presidency" as an institution that includes "two thousand men and...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Parliamentary Sovereignty

...supersede the laws laid out by the Parliament, which implies that the laws enacted by it cannot be challenged in a court of law. Interestingly, such a principle of Parliamentary Sovereignty has a profound impact on the judicial system and judges. These judges exhibit a conformist approach, with the intention to avoid any possible conflict with the ideologies put forth by the legislators. Undoubtedly judges, who are expected to work independently without any external forces influencing their verdicts, are often restrained by the notions promoted by the elected legislative bodies. In addition, the courts, until the early 1990s, had been reluctant to grant administrative judicial review, especially with...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Parliamentary sovereignty

...The Principle of Parliamentary Sovereignty and Judicial Supremacy in UK Essay Number of Words The Principle of Parliamentary Sovereignty and Judicial Supremacy in UK With the institutionalization of the constitution in the United Kingdom, Legislative supremacy is adept by firmly following the notion that Parliament does not apply its independence. Set up by the legislative arm of government in a domineering and totalitarian way. Judiciary independence depends on how the other arms of government maintain a dependent working atmosphere that allows them to work separately without any influence from other sources. It ensures that the rule of law is fully enforced and...
7 Pages(1750 words)Coursework
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Term Paper on topic Presidental and Parliamentary Systems of Government for FREE!

Contact Us