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Criminal Justice System Structure - Research Paper Example

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The main purpose of this research paper is to provide a detailed look at the structure of the criminal justice system and its aims. The main goal behind the implementation of a criminal justice system in a country is to provide justice to the guiltless…
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Download file to see previous pages The basic goal behind the establishment of a uniform criminal justice system in America was to maintain social control. The criminal justice system in America is comprised of different components that work together to maintain justice in the society. The main aim is to provide justice to criminals, victims of crimes and to bring law violators in a fair trial through upright and legitimate system U.S criminal justice system is unique in its own way. According to this system, a person under trail remains innocent till the time he is proven guilty. As a result, criminals or offenders hold the right to defend themselves under fair and regular trial. U.S criminal justice system ensures that criminals receive justice without being abused or punished brutally.The History of the U.S Criminal Justice System: Criminal justice systems are implemented to ensure the protection of citizens. Religion and philosophers had established a great influence on the U.S criminal justice system during colonial American times. Ever since from its inception, the U.S criminal justice system has ensured that any person accused of an offense would receive a fair trial. With the passage of time, the U.S criminal justice laws have become more defined and standardized for the entire citizens. Today criminals in U.S receive more benefits and rights as compare to the early days of its inception. Basic Components of the Criminal Justice System: There are five main components of the U.S criminal justice system....
These five components are: 1- Local Law Enforcement: Local law enforcement bodies constitute of police and other crime controlling authorities. Anyone who faces crime reports to these bodies. Police play an important role in providing initial justice to the victim. Police also play an effective role in dealing with low level crimes such as high speeding or trespassing. These low level crimes can be resolved directly by the involvement of the police (Walker, 1977). For severe offenses, the police precede the victims of the crimes and the offender to the court system for fair smooth trial. 2- Court Trial: Court trial is considered as the second important step after the criminal enters into the legal system. The police, the investigative bodies or the witnesses present the evidences, documents or other facts to the prosecutor. It depends on the prosecutor what to decide for the offender. If the violator is charged for his criminal actions then it is preceded by a court case. 3- Court Case: Court case is the most important component of the U.S criminal justice system. The case is brought before a judge in a court. If the offender is proven guilty and his offenses are minor then it depends on the judge what he decides for the offender. Sometimes the judge offers a small punishment and the case is over. However, if the offender is involved in a severe crime or if the offender pleads “not guilty” then the entire case is followed (Walker, 1980). 4- Trial and Role of Grand Jury: Grand jury also plays an important role in differentiating the guilty souls from the innocent. Grand jury hears from both sides and decides which party should be proven guilty or not guilty after analyzing and making their own observations. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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