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Public sphere and media : The new deal - Dissertation Example

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Habermas and the Modern Concept of the Public Sphere Table of Contents Methodology 1 Introduction 1 Chapter 1: The Public Sphere: Disputes and Alternatives 1.1 The Dispute of the Public Sphere 1.2 What are the Alternatives? Chapter 2: New Social Movements 2 2.1 A Change of Paradigm 4 2.2 The Crisis of the State 11 Chapter 3: Roles and Modes of Organization 13 3.1 Role of the Modern Citizen 14 3.1.1 The Aspect of the Development of Individual Competences 15 3.1.2 The Place of the Ideology in the Alternate Public Sphere 15 3.2 What for Who?…
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Download file to see previous pages This research utilized the deductive approach which detailed the testing of a specific research hypothesis that served as the main thrust of this dissertation. Furthermore, this research used the conclusive research design which necessitated the testing of the hypothesis against a set of occurrences or phenomena.  The hypothesis that served as the backbone of this paper has been primarily derived from an in-depth depiction and careful analysis of the literature regarding the notion of the public sphere from its initial conception of Habermas until well into the modern times from the commentaries and studies provided for and conducted by Maltz, Geiger, Goodnight and others. This research has been primarily dependent on printed sources such as books, articles and journals. The works of Habermas have been the chief resource of this research to which all the rest of the sources have been pitted up against. Online literature has likewise been utilized as most of the commentaries with regards the preponderance of modern media facilities, specifically the internet, have been mainly reposed online. Introduction In 1859, Charles Darwin launched the book entitled “On the Origin of Species” as a stalwart pience detailing the process of evolution undergone by man and the generic transmutation of species (Coyne, 2009). In that particular book, Darwin expounded on the idea that human beings emerged as the common-day entities that they are after having undergone a series of natural selection processes (Glass, 1959). While science has been identified by Darwin as the key factor that influenced such development in the human sphere, a new age of pragmatists came in to assert that evolution is not likely to be contained in the genetic transformation of mankind. These proponents came to be known as advocates of “Social Darwinism” (Ward, 1907). In Europe the concept of “Social Darwinism” has been in existence since the early 1870s (Ward, 1907). But the United States took on the theory much later and only after almost eight decades with the utilization of Richard Hofstadter of the concept of competitive strife as the catalyst that triggers progress (Ward, 1907). Furthermore, Hofstadter made use of the term “Darwinist Collectivism” to manifest his theories (Leonard, 2009, 38). The term “Social Darwinism” has come to be known as the progression of systemic processes generating modern concepts of society (Leonard, 2009, 39). That as a sociological concept, human beings are by large known to operate under a specific need to survive (Leonard, 2009). To ascertain that such be satisfied, natural instinct, sometimes deemed as ‘animal instinct,’ becomes the key stimulus to push men into subjective action (Leonard, 2009). This ‘instinct’ then became the main motivation of human beings to act and interact while such undertaking invariably lead to the evolution of communal participation and societal evolution (Ward, 1907). But the fact remains that centuries after Darwin instigated the evolution theory and several years after Hofstadter espoused the Darwinist Collecti ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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