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History of LINUX - Literature review Example

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This review 'History of LINUX' discusses that the history of Linux has been quite spectacular given the controversy it has raised and the simplicity involved in its features. Oodles of factors contributed to the advent of Linux. Dennis Ritchie and Ken Thompson developed the UNIX operating system in AT & T Bell Laboratories, in 1969, before its official release in 1970. Linux was developed as a simple personal project of a Finnish student. …
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History of LINUX
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Download file to see previous pages However, Hurd, the GNU kernel, was left uncompleted because of failure to attract sufficient support form supporters. Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) was another operating system project that had begun in 1977 but its development and adoption was limited since it comprised of a UNIX code, and hence was involved in a lawsuit with AT&T. The first of its kind, with a 32-bit instruction set, x86 microprocessor was developed and released by Intel in 1985. Two years later, Andrew Tanenbaum developed Minix, which was similar to UNIX, with redistribution and modification restrictions. Besides, Minix was not compatible with the 32-bit features of many of the personal computers developed using Intel 386 computer architecture. Despite UNIX being compatible with this feature, the price was too high for personal-computers users (Ide-Kostic, 2012). This meant that a free and widely adaptable operating system was desperately needed to solve all this problems encountered when using other operating system, leading to the advent of Linux.
Linux was developed as a simple personal project of a Finnish student. In 1991, Linus Torvalds, from Helsinki University, Finland, started a personal project with an objective of creating an operating system kernel that was free and widely adaptable, just like it was required by personal computers at that particular time. Using GNU C Compiler, Torvalds developed his operating system on Minix. Although other compilers, including the Intel C Compiler, can be used to develop the code too, the GNU C Compiler emerges as the most appropriate in compiling Linux presently. The personal project of Torvalds, which based on a hobby rather than on professional grounds, came to be the Linux kernel. After writing the operating system kernel, he eventually posted it on the internet on August 25, 1991 (Eckert, 2011).  ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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