Nobody downloaded yet

The Origin of the Internet - Article Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The paper 'The Origin of the Internet' presents the Internet which started as a US defense initiative has developed into the main communications mechanism for the academic and research community and most recently has expanded into a major business tool for the commercial sector…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.6% of users find it useful
The Origin of the Internet
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "The Origin of the Internet"

Download file to see previous pages The most common view is that the Internet is a product of the US military and was developed for military and defense purposes (Naughton 47). The launch of Sputnik 1 on 4 October 1957 by the Soviet Union spawned a very specific fear: if nations were capable of launching space satellites, they might also be capable of launching long-distance nuclear attacks. During the late 1960s and early 1970s, the US Department of Defense (DoD) was concerned that centralized forms of communications would be vulnerable to a nuclear attack. In the era before the distributed processing power of the PC had been dreaming of, the DoDs fears that the country's defense systems were reliant upon a few, very large, computers were all too real (Naughton 53-54). There was a need to link computers together in such a way that it was not dependent on any single machine for the integrity of the whole network. At this time, networks were totally reliant on a few machines and if these were damaged then all computer processing would cease. The technological development that was created from this military objective was known as the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET). Thus, some researchers connect the history of the Internet with the name of George Stibitz (1940) who developed the concept of a teletype terminal and demonstrated that computers can communicate at a distance (Naughton 49-51).
The ARPA’s task was to establish and maintain a worldwide leader in science and technology. Its first director, however, defined the agency's role almost completely in military terms and failed to recognize the importance of cutting-edge research taking place in the nation's univer­sities at that time (ONeill 67). This misjudgment was to threaten the continuation of the agency during its early years, and in 1958, ARPA saw many of the projects and programs it had initiated transferred to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(The Origin of the Internet Article Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2616 words - 1, n.d.)
The Origin of the Internet Article Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2616 words - 1. Retrieved from
(The Origin of the Internet Article Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2616 Words - 1)
The Origin of the Internet Article Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2616 Words - 1.
“The Origin of the Internet Article Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2616 Words - 1”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The Origin of the Internet

The Origin of Mitochondria

...?Running head: THE ORIGINS OF MITOCHONDRIA The Origins of Mitochondria The origins of mitochondria remain an important object of professional interest. Dozens of researchers explored the origins of mitochondria and their implications for future research. This paper provides a brief summary of the article Microsporidia, Amitochondrial Protists, Possess a 70-kDa Heat Shock Protein of Mitochondrial Evolutionary Origin. The purpose, methods, and results of the study are discussed. The information from the article is compared to what other articles say. Recommendations for future research are provided. Keywords: mitochondria, origins,...
3 Pages(750 words)Book Report/Review

Othellos origin the famous horses of Arab but also playing a pun on the word calling him a barbarian and a savage. There is likelihood that he did not belong to any of the categories and was simply a black African. This paper will trace Othello’s origin to show that he was not a native of Venice. Bradley, in his book on Shakespeare’s Tragedies, states that the evidence about Othello’s origins is “indecisive” (Bradley 2007). Features in Shakespeare’s portrayal of Othello seem to have been strained from all of the blacks who may have been in England during his time (Braxton 1990). To the Elizabethan mind, black was the color of the skin which depicted the Otherness of a person who had satanic predisposition and sexual...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Origin of Country Music

...truth in the assumptions based on historical recollections, country music is much more. This music has been played for generations and persists today. While the original singers and followers would be pretty much summed up by the above description, it has over the years transcended a myriad of cultural, social, and even geographical barriers making it able to hold its own among all the other genres of music of today such as hip-hop jazz and blues. In fact, a deconstruction of the structure and histories of many genres especially the rock and metal music, which is so popular in America today although by all appearances very far, removed from the sober country music would show a connection closer than the majority would...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Origin Enterprises plc

...? ACCOUNTING SOCIETY AND THE ENVIRONMENT Table of Contents Table of Contents 2 Introduction 3 Review of Annual Report and Director’s Report 3 Market Situation 4 Core Competitors 5 Profitability 5 Current Financial Position 6 Different Issues of Origin Enterprise Plc (Ethical, Social and Environmental) 6 Profitability Ratios 8 Liquidity Ratio 8 Efficiency Ratios 8 Gearing Ratio 9 Reference 10 Introduction Origin Enterprises plc specialises on the field of food and agri- nutrition which is listed on AIM (under London Stock Exchange) and IEX (OIZ) (Under Irish Stock Exchange). The manufacturing and distribution operation of the agro nutrition division is based in the United Kingdom, Norway, Poland and the...
5 Pages(1250 words)Assignment

Darwin: Origin of Species

...?Darwin: Origin of Species INTRODUCTION How did the human race evolve on earth? Why, how and when was life first formed on earth? These questions have been a continuous topic for debate since the ancient times. Gradually, assumptions were formed that it was God who had created the life on earth. But the thought was quite firmly contradicted by Darwin’s theory for the ‘Origin of Species’ that had marked the turning point of biological studies. It not only led the foundation of a revolutionary thought to interpret the evolution of mankind and many other species, but also acted as a key to many scientific theories which were further applied for the preservation of various animal genuses to maintain the...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

The Origin Of Islam

...THE ORIGIN OF ISLAM Introduction Islam means one true God. Muslim means worshipper of the one true God. Islam then is the religion of Muslims. And Muslims commit to memory the teachings of God. All the subsequent revelations through the prophets, Allah's peace upon them, were learnt by heart. But, after the death of Muhammed, Allah's peace be upon him, every revelation were inscribed by the believers on barks, stones, and the modern times writing paper in the hope of passing the teachings on to the subsequent generations. In 1935, the first English translation was attempted bringing more people into the faith. Body Based on the revelation of Allah, praise and glory is only due to Him, in the Qur'an, Islam as...
3 Pages(750 words)Term Paper

Origin of Sin

...Origin of Sin: A Comparison between Christian and Scientific Views Dr. Baldwin THESIS: This paper is going to look at the different views that surround the question of the origin of sin in the universe. The writer will compare and contrast two views; the scientific and Christian view on the origin of sin. OUTLINE I. Introduction II. Augustine/Christian Views on Origin of Evil III. Scientists' Views on Origin of Evil IV. Conclusion Introduction Origin is one issue that has preoccupied many people in the world. It is human nature to try and explain almost everything that surrounds him. One way of explaining...
6 Pages(1500 words)Thesis

Sufi's origin

... Summary and Opinion The novel d “Two Old Women” was published during the period of 1993 andwas written by Velma Wallis and the novel focuses on how two females who were abandoned by their tribe spend their lives during the winter session in wilds. These women were in their 70s and 80s and they were abandoned because the tribe was experiencing decrease in amount of food. They face various difficulties during their stay in the wild and they decided to fight these difficulties. During their stay in the wild they were able to make quite a living and create a camp in which they obtained refuge and they even found enough food to survive. Later the tribe returned and discovered that the women had survived and the women join them again... Summary...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Humanity Origin

...Humanities essay exam The world consists of people of diverse backgrounds who exhibit varied cultural and social norms. Since humanity has the same origin, the differences or variations that exist among people and their cultural practices tend not to differ greatly. It is common to find that tribes or communities in a country that, however, practice slightly different cultures have some common issues that ensure their existence. Human nature is also flexible and subject to change with variations in the surrounding environment. A person’s view of the world and life may change suddenly or slowly depending on the surrounding environmental factors that earmark variations. A Christian’s view of personal fulfillment and relationship... successor...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

The origin of humans

...The origin of humans Insert Insert The biological species definition concept is one of the most acceptable species concepts aroundthe globe. It defines species based on interbreeding. In its definition, species refers to the population that has potential and natural interbreeding in disregard to similarity in appearance. This concept broadly explains the reasons for resemblance amongst the members of the same species hence formation of phonetic clusters to differ from others. In the event of breeding between two organisms, the genes are inherited by the offspring. Repetition of breeding process shuffles the genes around the same gene pool to give the identity of the species. Contrary to the argument, genes are not...
1 Pages(250 words)Coursework
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Article on topic The Origin of the Internet for FREE!

Contact Us