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The Moral And Ethical Base Of The Modern Society - Book Report/Review Example

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Jonathan Glover is a philosopher and professor of ethics on the faculty of King's College, London. The writer of the paper "The Moral And Ethical Base Of The Modern Society" discusses the main purpose of his book "Humanity: A Moral History of the Twentieth Century"…
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The Moral And Ethical Base Of The Modern Society
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Download file to see previous pages Ethics and morality were important then, as they are important now. But the quality of human beings remained the same, maybe it has gone from bad to worse. On the recent moral history of humanity, the author makes highly relevant observations in the first few pages of the book, that serves as the clinchers for the entire content of the book. They observe, “ In Europe, at the start of the twentieth century most people accepted the authority of morality. They thought there was a moral law, which was self-evident to be obeyed. Emmanuel Kant had written of the two things which fill the mind with admiration and awe, the starry heavens above me and the moral law within me. In Cambridge in 1985, a century after Kant, Lord Acton still had no doubts: Opinions alter, manners change, creeds rise and fall, but the moral law is written on the tablets of eternity.”(p.1)
Glovers method of argumentation is simple and straightforward. He narrates an event and poses questions about why such an event should have happened. It's root causes! He concludes the human mind is the root cause. How initial successes of such wicked leaders sooner or later were trailed by failures. He is careful enough to avoid reductionism to a single, all-embracing explanation. He cites the example and wonders of the capacity of the ideological leaders to brainwash the Chinese teenagers who were convinced about the necessity of killing the elders and their respected teachers. He tries to draw the moral map human psyche. How the mind gets engulfed with blind spots and loses its rationality to commit unimaginable acts of atrocities! He yet gives credit to the strength of moral authority by citing the Cuban Missile Crisis example, which ended in the triumph of moral imagination and historical reflection—how statesmen-like thinking and action was able to defeat the military advice, that would have led to unimaginable consequences, with the threat of use of nuclear weapons looming large!  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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