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Motivation - Assignment Example

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It is a process that arouses, energizes, directs and sustains a particular behavior (Ayeni and Popoola 2). Motivation initiates primarily due to a physiological deficiency or…
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Motivation
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Download file to see previous pages Fred Mertz is an undergraduate student of computer sciences, having no interest in this field. He only opted for this field to attain a good job and salary at the end of the day. Else than that, his interest in computer sciences was nothing more than a way to make big money. On hearing about the decreased demand of computer scientists in the market, his motivational level has decreased to an alarming rate and he has become a below average student in the class.
Fred’s prime goal is to graduate and get a good job. He could have done this by opting for a field in which he has interest and tempts him. One can’t be motivated towards a task unless it gives him satisfaction and intrigues him. The way/path Fred chose to fulfill his goal is inappropriate and that is why he is de-motivated towards his work and isn’t initiating his work related behavior. Further, according to goal setting theory, goals need to be well defined, challenging yet achievable. In the case of Fred, his goal is quite vague and he just flew with the wind to achieve his goal and opted for computer sciences without realizing this very fact that he has no interest in this field and the consequences would be alarming at the end.
According to Vroom’s VIE Theory; people will be motivated because they perceive that their effort and performance will lead to a desired outcome. Work motivation is very much dependent upon the perceived association between performance and outcome. Individuals do change their behavior after they predict the outcome (Isaac, Zerbe and Pitt 213). Below is an illustration of expectancy theory:
Fred lacks both instrumentality and valence to become a computer science graduate and afterwards, get a good job. After knowing about the declining demand of computer scientists, his expectancy to get a good job has declined a lot. As his expectancy to get the desired reward and outcome is lacking, he is de-motivated to perform well ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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