RESEARCH PROPOSAL: AN INVESTIGATION OF COMMON CAREER BARRIERS FACED BYFEMALE TELEVISION NEWS ANCHORS IN NIGERIA RESEARCH PROPOSAL: AN INVESTIGATION OF COMMON CAREER BARRIERS FACED BYFEMALE TELEVISION NEWS ANCHORS IN NIGERIA 1. INTRODUCTION This paper proposes a dissertation, exploratory in nature, in order to identify the factors which hinder the females in Nigeria from joining television as a news anchor…
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These tribes during pre-colonial times have had their women enjoying equal social status with the men, especially with their respected traditional government systems (Ajayi, 2007, p. 137-138). For example, there are Women’s Leaders, Goddess Priests and Market Women’s Leader (among others) in the Yoruba tribes in South Nigeria. There are also Queens in Northern Nigeria that contribute to the local political influences and development (Ajayi, 2007, p. 138). These all changed when the British colonized Nigeria since the British Colonial Administration actively pushed discriminatory sex roles in the nation’s politics (Ajayi, 2007). This reduced women’s power and relevance in their society. The women were denied opportunities in career, business and politics. They were marginalized. Nigeria is a male-dominated society. In Islamic religion, especially in the Sharia law, women and men have very different roles, rights and obligations. This is largely due to their religion, which is Islam. This is where the major sexual and gender differences start in their society. This law therefore dictates the woman’s fate in terms of education, employment, finances and even in legislation. Television, having introduced women on the screen, in roles often contradictory to the stereotypical domestic role of the women in society, has also given rise to some fundamental, social, cultural, professional and ethical issues, which have come to affect the career paths of women in the industry. Gender stereotyping is not limited to the field of television. This is an issue which transcends all strata of organizational, social and family life in Nigeria (Agnes & Ijeoma, 2010). Before the advent of television in Nigeria, parents believed in sending their sons to acquire formal education in Law, Medicine or Engineering while encouraging their daughters to learn the family trade and then get married. Society believed that a woman’s place resides squarely in the home and in rare cases when they were allowed to go to university, such conventional courses as mentioned above were the accepted courses to study. This was due to the image of prestige, dignity, integrity and decorum associated with such traditional career paths (Charles, 1989). There is a study in the United States by Engstrom and Ferri, about the Local U.S. Television News Anchors’ Perceived Career Barriers. The study found out that most career barriers are often sexist in nature. There is no tangible evidence for sexism though, as both men and women have reported having less time at home. The study covers both sexes but it also shows how the sex determines one’s career. In the case of women, their decision to further their career is often hampered with their other concerns, particularly with that of the family and even physical appearance and ageism. This can come as career barriers. Culture appears to be the most powerful barrier in the pursuit of a profession in TV sector among Nigerian women. The Nigerian culture encourages submissiveness in women and the Nigerian women have faced a lot of gender stereotyping in their society, which are even present till date (Poindexter & Meraz, 2008). However, there are probably other factors that contribute to the stagnation of the careers of women that are not
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rimp.3 Since Nigeria together with Somali have documented the most serious and frequent incidents of piracy in more recent times4, this research study focuses on Nigeria. This research study analyses why piracy along Nigeria’s coastal waters is so prevalent.
Therefore, the work efficiency of the engine block as per the piston's operations is related to the piston's mechanism. The pistons of an engine are the most intricate components in rest of the field components of automotive as well as of other industry. If engine is considered as the heart of a car then the piston is regarded as its most important part.
The study also aims at exploring the barriers in professional/career development of female news anchors that are already in the television news industry. 1.1 History of Female TV News Anchors in Nigeria: Television since its inception in Nigeria back in 1959 has witnessed the professional success of some great female broadcasters such as: Bimbo Oloyede, Eugenia Abu, Ruth Bedamesia Opia, Sienne Razak Allwell Brown, Julie Coker and Anike Agbaje Williams, who also happens to be the first female television news anchor in Nigeria, and was known as Africa’s first lady of the tube.
had caused strong barriers in their path. The intention is to note the role of current TV anchors in society, religion, governance, family as well as the influences of these roles on their media life. The paper is also going to examine the factors affecting work-life balance and how this affects the shift in public perception of these women over time, with focus on the perception of women working in television as a chosen career path.
Background 7 1.1.1. Status of Women in Nigeria 8 1.1.2. Status of the Women Working in Electronic Media 9 1.2. Rationale for Research 10 1.3. Problem Statement 10 1.4. Research Questions 10 1.5. Research Objectives 11 1.6. Structure of the Paper 11 CHAPTER II 13 LITERATURE REVIEW 13 2.1.
Thus, there now exists a gap between abstracted theories and concrete realities of technological integration in classroom pedagogy. This research seeks to bridge that gap by having as its primary purpose identification and determination of barriers in the incorporation of technology in classroom pedagogy.
Tourism has had a big influence to the economy, representing more than 40% of the GDP. It has become an important destination for local, regional and global tourists, making Dubai to rise to the tourism prominence as the top location for leisure, shopping, sporting events, international conferences and events carried out by the media.
The result and discussion of the study indicated that there are five social platforms actively used and popular among fashion consumers in Nigeria. These social media tools included: Facebook, Twitter, Youtube, Pininterest, and Instagram. According to the survey results, an average age of the respondents was in the range between 22-24 years old, with a prevailing number of females (82%).
Undoubtedly, there are both advantages and disadvantages between the two systems of education. What is essential to look at is whether the advantages could outweigh the disadvantages such as in same-sex schools. As we all know that intelligence is not only measured on academic achievements alone but also with emotional state of a person
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