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Major Theological Divisions in the Islamic World - Research Paper Example

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This essay presents Islam which once led to the formation of Islamic state. Islam spread both as a state and a community. Under the rule of Muhammad in the early days, the Islamic state spread through the Arab polity from North Africa to South East Asia. …
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Major Theological Divisions in the Islamic World
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"Major Theological Divisions in the Islamic World"

Download file to see previous pages The purpose of this paper is to establish the origins and evolution of the major divisions in Islam, and identify their ideologies and historical significance until the period of the Mongol Conquests. The paper argues that the major divisions of Islam were caused by struggles for power and authority, and evolved over a long period of time starting in the eighth century after the death of Prophet Muhammad. The major Islamic divisions include: Sunni, Shiite, Wahhabis, and Suffis.
As the discussion stresses Prophet Muhammad had predicted in his ruling time that the Islamic religion would divide into seventy-three sects, which would all go to hell except himself and his true followers. The Islam divisions are now up to 150. The first Islamic group which was a successor of Prophet Muhammad was formed immediately after the death of the prophet in the seventh century. This division is known as the Sunni Muslims. Sunni Muslims are the majority of Muslims in the world, and they follow the four Khalifs who succeeded Prophet Muhammad – Hanifa, Hannibal, Malik and Shafi. This group has evolved to pursue their religion alongside secular societies. Ansary suggests that “they have followed the three Islamic sources of law namely, Hadith, Quran and Muslim consensus”. They consider themselves as those who have been saved by Allah; hence deriving the title of Najiyah.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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