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The falling of the Berlin wall in 1989 marked the end of the Cold War and as a result the world moved from a state of military multipolarity to a state of unipolarity which still exists today. There is a debate concerning whether the world has become more stable and secure after the end of the Cold War. In 1979, there was a hypothesis presented by Kenneth Waltz that stated that the world is more secure and stable if there are few dominating powers. According to him, alliances had become more diffuse in a world that is multipolar than in a world that is bipolar (Trachtenberg 132). In the world history, the era of multipolarity was characterized by six states that competed for the influence and power distribution was constantly changing. There was stability during the period of the Cold War because there was sharing of domination between two super powers. There have been a lot of changes since the presentation of the hypothesis by Waltz.
The end of the Cold War resulted in an end of ‘structural elements’ in the international framework that was facing the third world nations. That means that the world competition between the superpowers and the resulting search for the allies in the developing world. However, eliminating competition meant that there was now a decisive change in the western policy towards the third world nations (Trachtenberg 134). For example, they could no longer apply their strategic position in mineral resources or their political support in the regional conflict as bargaining points with the superpowers. The end of the Cold War resulted in changes in the world structure of the system which had a great effect on Third World nations.
During the WWI and WWII a system of multipolarity raises conflict in the politics of the world, as many states of the same strength compete for influence and power. The states are not sure of the intentions of their rivals, which increase the possibility of a military action. Also, there is a constant
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Name: Course: Tutor: Date: Subculture Art Forms: Paintings and Music as Tools of Protest and Resistance during the Post Cold-War Period Introduction Generally our society and culture are related to each other in a way that culture is bound to reflect the people’s beliefs, values, and practice in a society.
Particularly, it tries to assess both identity and security based on the foreign policies implemented during the period using Campbell’s reading and other literature for supporting evidences of claims. The policy of hegemony entails a presentation of the United States’ clamor and sustenance to its glory as the world’s sole superpower.
Thus, Yalta Conference in Crimea, Soviet Union, in February 1945 between the “Big Three” allies of the Second World War was one such event that structured the start of the Cold War (The Cold War, “Disney 1,” par. 1). Middle East throughout the Cold War had become a ground for rivalry.
The ‘cold’ part of the name is a reference to the fact that there was no actual war between the two primary forces, the Soviet Union and the United States, although in some ways it is a misnomer because, as previously mentioned, there were proxy wars involved.
Due to the Cold War, international politics changed which resulted in a change in relations among the countries. Foreign policies were changed by many countries during the Cold War era and all these factors had a great influence on the overall global climate.
After the Cold War ended the United States became the only superpower and there was less tension between the U.S and Russia. However the United States’ position to other countries had also changed. The end of the Cold War would eventually lead America to face other enemies and to reconsider national security.
The cold war witnessed ideological and geo-territorial struggles between the United States and the Soviet Union, which contributed to stability and peace in Africa because of their political and economic presence in the continent. The absence of ideological and geo-territorial struggles between major powers in the African continent brought to fore major socioeconomic and political problems, which have sparked many civil conflicts2.
Following the success of the wartime alliance formed temporarily against Hitler’s Nazi Germany, the only two superpowers in global affairs were the United States and the Soviet Union. However, these two countries had profound differences in their political and economic ideologies, and this led to the beginning of the Cold War.
hough the two nations were allies in WWII against Japan and Germany, there were tensions and mistrust between the leaders dictated by historical events and ideological differences. The Soviet Union was communist while the U.S was advocating for capitalism and democracy in the
Nevertheless, different accounts by scholars of the world ascertain the period of Cold War to be between the year 1947 and 1991. This period has been referred to as ‘cold war’ by the different scholars of the
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