The Cold War or the tension between the Western and the Eastern blocs defined the world order after the WWII. During the WWII, the Western and the Eastern nations were ready to co-operate with each other…
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Instead, political, economical, and ideological differences among the world nations eventually led to the formation of two distinct blocs, the Western and the Eastern. Eventually, the whole world became under the threat of an imminent war between these blocs. But both the Western and Eastern blocs did not try to indulge in a direct fight. Instead, global arm race and ideological conflict became the focal point of the Cold War. Thesis statement: The Cold War resulted in political conflict, military conflict, ideological conflict and global arms race, and eventually led to the decline of communism, growth of capitalism, growth of the U.S. as a global superpower, and the rapid spread of democracy. One can easily identify the fact that the political ideologies of the Western and Eastern blocs were entirely different. To be specific, the political ideology of the Western bloc was democracy. On the other side, the Eastern bloc was deeply influenced by Communist ideology. This fundamental difference eventually led to political propaganda and political conflict. Richard Saull states that “The Cold War, then, was not a genuine international conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union, but primarily a relationship that facilitated each side in its attempts to realize its goals within its own sphere of influence.; for the United States, this was the dominance of the postwar capitalist order and for the USSR the internal security of the rule of the CPSU.”1 To be specific, both the blocs considered that political propaganda is an easy way to influence nonaligned nations. The Eastern bloc under USSR began to influence the neighboring nations and considered that the Western bloc is an imminent threat to their political interest. On the other side, the Western bloc under the U.S. began to influence the European nations. This initiative to divide the whole world nations into two blocs resulted in long lasting political conflict in America, Europe, and Asia. Military conflict The military conflict within the context of Cold War was limited to the context of threatening each other by exhibiting military superiority because both the sides possessed nuclear arms. Besides, both the sides were aware of the possibility of large scale destruction and its economic burden. So, the Western and the Eastern blocs strengthened their military forces, but did not try to attack each other. But the Suez Crisis (say, in the year 1956) the Cuban Missile Crisis (say, in the year 1962) and the “Able Archer” NATO military exercises (say, in the year 1983) led the whole world to suspect the possibility of military conflict during the Cold War. In short, military coalition and deployment of military forces was common during the Cold War era. Ideological conflict As pointed out, ideological difference was one among the grass root level reasons behind the Cold War. To be specific, the ideological conflict during the Cold War era was between communism and capitalism. Raymond P. Ojserkis makes clear that “A wide variety of other disagreements existed as well, many stemming from the Soviet distaste for the American vision of a postwar world dominated by relatively free trade (with currencies pegged to dollar) and elected governments.”2 One can see that the communist nations under the leadership of USSR tried to install the spirit of communism among their allies. This eventually led to the global propaganda against capitalism. On the other side, the Western bloc under the leaders
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The enemies of USA had before this war been crashed almost to the ground with the likes of Japan and Germany serving as major examples. Some had experienced significant destruction such as France and Britain, (this is despite their being on the winning side).
The defeat of Germany towards the end of the Second World War removed the reason for any bonhomie, and the two reverted to their opposing positions. This relationship between the Soviet Union and U.S.A. from the end of the Second World War till the collapse of the Soviet Union came to be known as the Cold War.
When the Cold War is superimposed into the context of Pop Culture in America, it is evident that the Cold War deeply influenced the Pop Culture in America. Within this context, Rocky and Bullwinkle, two characters in animated cartoon series (Rocky and Bullwinkle Show) deeply influenced the Pop culture in America because these cartoon characters presented the American opinion on Communist ideology and Cold War, in an allegorical manner.
This event provided stimulus for continuously sustaining and expanding the U.S. military capability after the end of WWII and to a higher end, remedied the ‘great depression’ by converging to resolve with political changes the economic and cultural crises alike.
During this period, the super powers including US and its NATO allies and Soviet Union remained engaged in intense economic competition, proxy wars and military tensions. While people widely believe that the Cold War was fought to protect each superpowers homeland and defend their interests, it is also widely observed and argues that the overt and covert battles fought during the cold war were actually meant to spread each superpower’s influence across the globe.
Secondly, the paper analyzes the events and actions that occurred in regard to foreign affairs during the Eisenhower administration. The paper also discusses the effects of the diplomatic efforts on the U.S. and other nations. Lastly, the paper discusses the disadvantages and advantages of the Eisenhower doctrine on foreign policy.
The war can be described as the persistent military state and political tension amongst the two states (Leffler, 2008). The Soviet Union and its associates branded the Eastern bloc while the United States and their allies referred to as the Western bloc. The cold war was the tension that existed between the Western and Eastern blocs.
In particular, both sides wished to have Germany, which was a vast country in need of repair at the time, following in their own footsteps. The day that Germany was divided between the east and the west, the cold war policies of both nations began to take shape with the United States advocating democracy and the curtailment of communism while Russia continued to advocate communism and its spread across the world.
The defeat of Nazi Germany, ethnic Germans were expelled from the Eastern Europe countries in order to prevent further ethnic conflicts (Snyder, 2013). According to Churchill (2002), France and England no
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