Free

The cultural history of pre modern East Asia - Assignment Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Buddhism is the religion derived from the teachings of Buddha whose traditions are different from the former Chinese teachings, for example, Confucianism. The difference is that Buddhism advocates the elimination of desire in order to achieve happiness, as desire is the source of suffering…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.5% of users find it useful
The cultural history of pre modern East Asia
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"The cultural history of pre modern East Asia"

THE CULTURAL HISTORY OF PRE MODERN EAST ASIA by The Cultural History of Pre-Modern East Asia
Buddhism is the religion derived from the teachings of Buddha whose traditions are different from the former Chinese teachings, for example, Confucianism. The difference is that Buddhism advocates the elimination of desire in order to achieve happiness, as desire is the source of suffering (Ebrey, Wathall, and Palais, 2009). Other Chinese mentalities were humanistic in that they regarded the secular as sacred. The introduction of Buddhism in China greatly stimulated the development if Chinese religion… acting as a catalyst for the development of Daoism (Jie, 1991). It influenced cultural elements such as the religious canon, spiritual community, and organization of religious institutions.
Neo-Confucianism was a more secular and rationalistic form of Confucianism that used metaphysics as a guide for developing a rationalistic and ethical philosophy by rejecting the superstitions and mystic qualities of Buddhism and Taoism (Chan 1963). Its influence in Chinese culture can be traced to the Ming Dynasty through to the Qing Dynasty. It influenced the Chinese culture including music, theatre, art, Chinese traditional medicine, martial arts etcetera (Ebrey, Wathall, and Palais, 2009).
The rise of the Yuan Dynasty was influenced by the unification of China by Kublai Chan and the control imposed by the Mongols across all of Asia, which opened up China to foreign trade contracts. The fall of the Yuan Dynasty was caused by two major factors: one was the class conflict caused by heavy taxation and the other was the contradiction resulting from the Four Class System (Ebrey, Wathall, and Palais, 2009). There were peasant uprisings that emerged in Southern China, but despite these, there continued to be a corruption propagated by the officials in the court systems. The fall of the Yuan Dynasty was effected by the peasant uprising in 1351 led by a man named Liu Futong. In 1367, another man Zhu Yuanhang, defeated the separatist military forces in Northern China thus launching a deadly attack on the regime and causing its fall.
Zheng He was a Chinese sailor, previously a court eunuch in the Ming Dynasty. He was handpicked to lead seven ocean expeditions to South East Asia, India and then all the way to Africa. The main aim of these expeditions was to show the great wealth of China to the whole world (Ebrey, Wathall, and Palais, 2009). The voyages had over three hundred massive ships and he took with him Chinese silk and porcelain, which he traded in Africa and Asia and brought back black pearls and animals that no one had seen before like ostriches and zebras. The Ming China attitude towards naval expansion was daring and phenomenal in that he risked his whole fleet of sailors and ships to carry out expeditions.
The main characteristics of the Chinese civilization during the Ming Dynasty were the international trade activities that were influenced by the seven voyages. There was also the blurring of the distinction between the four classes. The classes were the merchants, the farmers, artisans and the gentry. The blurring of the classes and the development of the city life led to great economic and urban development (Ebrey, Wathall, and Palais, 2009). These changes brought changes in architecture. During this dynasty, the construction of tall pagodas and arched bridges flourished.
References
Ebrey, P; Wathall, B; Palais, J. 2009. Pre-Modern East Asia to 1800 – A Cultural, Social and Political History. Boston Houghton, Mifflin.
Jei, Tang Yi. 1991. Confucianism, Buddhism, Daoism, Christianity and Chinese Culture. Cultural heritage and contemporary life series III. Washington, DC: The Council for Research in Values and Philosophy.
Chan, Wing-tsit, 1963. A Sourcebook of Chinese Philosophy. Princeton, Princeton University Press. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“The cultural history of pre modern East Asia Assignment”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1685003-the-cultural-history-of-pre-modern-east-asia
(The Cultural History of Pre Modern East Asia Assignment)
https://studentshare.org/history/1685003-the-cultural-history-of-pre-modern-east-asia.
“The Cultural History of Pre Modern East Asia Assignment”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1685003-the-cultural-history-of-pre-modern-east-asia.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Pre-modern Indian History
...Cophen connecting Gandhara to the kingdom of Magadha in the east. The Taxila town also commanded the Kashmir river valley up to the Indian Ocean in the south (Xinru, 21). Considering the command areas the Taxila held, it is believed that they also had rules over the land between Babylonia in the west and China in The East. During this ancient period, there was the Greek, Achaemenid and Kushan ages. In the Kushan age there were Sirsukh, Jaulian and the Mohra Moradu tribes (Edwin, 4). This paper will explain the establishment of the Kushans Empire and their numerous social, religious, economic and political engagements in the ancient Asian history. The Taxila Kushans In the early days, the...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
History analytical paper (modern asia)
...? Modern Asia Introduction Colonialism came with a lot of good and bad attributes all the same; some of the good things which came with colonialism include civilization where the colonized countries had the opportunity to learn more about the culture of some of the developed countries. It also had a bad side where brutality was exercised to subdue the resisting communities which sometimes led to mass killing. This is why I don’t agree with the saying “freedom is a small cost to pay to reap the benefits of colonialism.” Colonialism of North Korea by Japan caused a big harm to the local citizens of North Korea. The book ‘Under the Black Umbrella’ explains in a better away about how Koreans had complex and terrible lives under... citizens. Work...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
History Analytical Paper (Modern Asia)
...Freedom is a not a Small Cost to Pay to Reap the Benefits of Colonialism After the emergence of the capitalist ideology in Europe, the wave of colonization spread to different regions including Asia. Colonial empires that gained independence also exerted such imperial colonization on other territories. Korea is one of the countries that faced colonization under the rule of the Japanese. Towards the conclusion of the 19th century, Japan had developed the quest of exploring the opportunities in East Asia. In 1910, it gained full control of the Korean territory after the successful defeat of both China and Russia. The years that followed saw the Japanization of Korea until the conclusion of...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
East Asia
...North Korea lies in the northern half of the Korean Peninsula and is in both the northern and eastern hemispheres. Its neighbors on the north includeChina and Russia, apart from bordering South Korea along the Korean Demilitarized Zone. On the East lies Japan and on the west are the Yellow Sea and the Korea Bay. After the WWII, North Korea established a socialist economy and a self reliance policy in foreign policy and national defense (Worldatlas, n.d.). The country underwent demoralization, economic mismanagement and misplaced resource allocation but still has not given up expanding resources to maintain a huge army. North Korea has a history of poor relations with its neighbors. Even though fighting stopped after the ceasefire... or...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
History of East Asia 2
...External and internal threats faced by Japanese kings (300 AD – 1800 AD History of Japan shows that the country had many clans and tribes ruling itover a period of time. It should be noted that the official constitution of the country was adopted only in 1947. Before that a succession of rulers and empires ruled the country. It is believed that it was emperor Jimmu (585 BC) who is recognized as the first emperor of the country even though some believe that he was a legendary character. Even before that, the Yamato clan became strong and formed some type of unification in Japan. The Yamato clan conquered large part of Japan, especially Honshu and Kyushu islands. As mentioned earlier, there were many clans and families...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
East Asia in the Modern World
...East Asia in the Modern World: Earlier China – Korea Relations The earlier history of the Koreans has immenserelationship with Chinese techniques and ways of life; however, most of the earlier especially the seventeenth century relationship between these countries has long reduced. Both nations adopted the use of refined tolls and techniques to improve on their agricultural productions, medical treatments, military defense, and crafts. These countries shared these techniques, but they originated from China (Ebrey, Walthall, and Palais 299). Notably, Yag-yong led the Japanese to great prosperity especially in the military strength by learning from the Chinese people....
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
East Asia in the Modern World
... East Asia in the Modern World In most cases, the millenarian has only been studied in the monotheistic understanding. Nonetheless, this term has never been common in Asia since Asia has ever considered its salvation to be different from other regions that are non-Asia. The understanding of the Taiping and Tonghak movements can be traced from the nineteenth century Asian history. Many scholars have ever considered these two sets of movement as acts of expression that is deeply pegged in the Asian spiritual ideas. Therefore, these movements are considered as the source of philosophical and historical reflections of the Asian millenarianism (Ebrey, Walthall, and Palais 283). Moreover, both movements consider the spiritual history... ...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
EAST ASIA IN THE MODERN WORLD
...     East Asia in the Modern World A hereditary monarchy is was the most famous form of monarchy and was the type that was utilized by numerous world monarchies in the ancient period. In a hereditary monarchy, all the rulers emerge from one family lineage. In addition, leadership is passed from one family member to another. Additionally, the hereditary monarchy contains numerous advantages. It guarantees that there is predictability, continuity, and stability. Also, in a hereditary monarchy, there are inner security elements of loyalty and family affection. All through history there have been a number of systems of succession and governing (Ebrey, Walthall and Palais...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
EAST ASIA IN THE MODERN WORLD
...in Canada for not more than two years. They resided in Canada as bachelors because a large number of them could not pay the costly head tax for their family members to be with them. Advantages The Chinese immigrants who were able to start families were able to get identical benefits as the natives (Ebrey, Walthall and Palais 536). Additionally, they got employment opportunities, for instance, numerous of them were employed at the Canadian Pacific Railway. Disadvantages They suffered from racism and an existing belief that they were a burden to the country. The immigrants resided in perilous canvas tent that provide minimal protection (Ebrey, Walthall and Palais 536). Finally, a large number of them perished form diseases, for example,...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
History of East Asia
.... The merits brought about by civilization are many, but the current religious, political and cultural systems in Asia are organized in such a way as to hinder the full civilization of this society. The major reason why civilization has not taken place fully in Japan is because “civilization is incompatible with the conventionalism of Japan”9. The fact that the custom of traditional politics, customs and religion is not only a preserve of Japan but also of its neighboring countries such as Korea and China serves to explain why the East Asia region has lagged behind in civilization. This notwithstanding, Korea and China are more rigid than Japan when it comes to reforming...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Assignment on topic The cultural history of pre modern East Asia for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us