Rome - Assignment Example

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The Protestant Reformation, often referred to simply as the Reformation, was the schism within Western Christianity initiated by Martin Luther, John Calvin, and other early Protestant Reformers. Although there had been significant attempts to reform the Roman…
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Week 3 Quiz Rome and the Vatican Art and Architecture The Protestant Reformation, often referred to simply as the Reformation, was the schism within Western Christianity initiated by Martin Luther, John Calvin, and other early Protestant Reformers. Although there had been significant attempts to reform the Roman Catholic Church before Luther, he is typically cited as the man who set the religious world aflame in 1517 with his The Ninety-Five Theses. Luther started by criticizing the selling of indulgences, insisting that the pope had no authority over purgatory and Catholic doctrine. How did the Renaissance popes in Rome add to the causes of the Reformation?
They appointed numerous leading reformers to the cardinal’s college, started reform of the central administrative apparatus found in Rome, approved the founding of Jesuits, and convoked the Trent council which met occasionally from 1545 to 1563. The council succeeded in starting several administrative reforms and far-ranging ethics which was meant to set the tone and define the shape of Roman Catholicism.
2. San. Andrea della Valle. What is trompe l’oeil painting. Where do we see it in this church?
Trompe I’oeil painting is a method of visual illusion, where the viewer’s eye is deceived into thinking the painting is a three dimensional object, instead of a two- dimensional representation.
3. Palazzo Farnese. Farnese Gallery. What is the subject matter of the frescoes painted by the great Baroque artist, Annibale Carracci?
The subject matter of Annibale was the classic style. During his time he was seen as one of the main key painters to revive the classical style. He was able to incorporate revolutionary realism and classical reissuance art.
4. Piazza Navona. “The Piazza Navona is probably Rome’s most famous example of continuity in town planning.” Please explain.
Since it is built on the former stadium of Domitian, which Emperor Domitian built in 86 AD. The stadium was used for sporting and festival occasions.
5. What happened during the Sack of Rome?
It took place on august, 410. The Visigoth attacked the city, led by Alaric. During that time, Rome was not the capital city of the western Rome Empire, since Ravenna had took that position in 402. However, the city of Rome sustained a paramount rank as the eternal city and the center of the spiritual empire.
6. Il Gesu. What is the effect on the spectator of the frescoes by Il Baciccia in the church and of the Apotheosis of St. Ignatius by Andrea Pozzo in S. Ignazio du Loyola?
By 17th century, the broad interior decorations were completed for the mother churches.
7. Caravaggio said, “There is nothing better than to follow nature.” What did he mean?
He meant every work despite who painted is nothing but childish trifles and bagatelles not unless they are painted and made from life.
8. Bernini’s Apollo and Daphne? Please describe how it is a Baroque work of art.
It came up during the late 16th century. It was Rome’s mode of expression
9. San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane by Borromini relies on a lively interplay of concave and convey walls that make it a Baroque masterpiece. Do you agree? Yes I agree, since the renaissance drew the power and wealth from there.
10. What are mosaics? Where did the technique come from? Who first equipped their houses with mosaics?
Mosaic is an art of forming images by grouping small pieces of colored stones or glass. The oldest popular mosaic comes from 8th BC. They were made from pebbles. The Greek manufacturers enhanced this technique. The oldest examples of mosaic that are made from various materials were found at a temple in Abra, Mesopotamia.
11. How does Michelangelo’s Moses compare with the two religious allegories adjacent to it?
They are both religious figures. It was set up after two years
12. Who was Lucrezia Borgia?
She was the daughter of Vanozza and Pope Alexander VI. She had three brothers Giovanni, Cesare and Gioffre. Her family arranged many marriages for her to powerful men in order to advance their political ambitions.
13. pp. 398-403. What purpose did the Catacombs serve?
Catacombs are underground cemetery. The early Christian built them during the first centuries of the Christian church. The roman permitted the Christian to bury their dead in the catacombs. Hence, they were as grounds for burial during the first three century.
14. Santa Cecilia in Trastevere. Do you think the sculpture is “cruelly realistic”? No I do not think it is cruelly Trastevere since it was devoted to Roman Martyr.
15. Raphael said that his Triumph of Galatea was painted “according to the notion of ideal beauty.” What does this mean? It means that the painter had fallen in love with peasant servant.
16. St. Peter’s Square. What is the symbolism of this majestic space?
it symbolizes the church’s arm embracing the world.
17. Where did Michelangelo sign the Pietà? Why is the sculpture so powerful?
He signed it at St. Peters Basilica, in Vatican city. It is powerful since it shows the body of Jesus Christ on the lap of His mother after He got crucified.
18. Why did Pope Julius II (and other rulers) choose the Swiss as guards and mercenaries?
This is because they had a reputation of loyalty and discipline. Additionally, they were considered as the strongest troop in the 15th century, until their tactics got redefined in the 16th century by the Landsknecht.
19. What is the subject of the Laocöon?
The subject of Laoconhas has been the subject of tragedy. Laocoon was a priest who got murdered together with his two sons after they attempted to expose the trick of the Trojan horse by hitting it using a spear.
20. Where are Aristotle and Plato in Raphael’s fresco The School of Athens? How does it epitomize the Renaissance? It is found in Apostolic Palace. It epitomizes the renaissance since images of poetry law theology, and philosophy.
Works cited
Carandini, Andrea. Rome: Day One. Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press, 2011. Print.
Caldwell, Dorigen S, and Lesley Caldwell. Rome: Continuing Encounters between Past and Present. Farnham, Surrey, England: Ashgate, 2011. Print. Read More
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