The Romanesque architecture refers to the architecture that was prevalent in Europe in the late years of the 10th Century and later evolved to the Gothic style of the 12th century. The phrase “Romanesque” implies “originating from Roman”, and was first employed to define…
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This style of construction and building can be identified in almost all parts of Europe. The most notable buildings that are still standing presently are the churches, with some of these being the large cathedrals and abbey churches (Jackson 32-34). According to Fletcher (25-27), the church was the ultimate emblematic structure of the Romanesque architecture, and since they were constructed to meet specific needs of liturgy, their construction was depended on the needs. These churches had similar architectural designs that included the thick walls semi-circular arches, towers, roofs and round arches in arcades, doors, windows and vaults (Jackson 36). However, these churches differed in the ground plans, the shape and position of towers, shape of columns, piers and the east end, and the building materials (Fletcher 28). This paper seeks to give the similarities and differences between the Romanesque Church architecture of Germany and the Low Countries, Lombardy and Tuscany.
The Romanesque architects constructed myriad buildings with most of them being abbey and village churches, castles and cathedrals (Itcher 23). All these churches were constructed to shelter, welcome and hold the faithful in an environment that was dignified and gave a sense of depth and an ambulatory apse (Flecher 31). The Romanesque churches were built with an interior that was complex and with a densely molded material typified by strong chiaroscuro differences that strengthened the plastic outlines of the columns and heightened the sense of encrusted distinctive thickness and spatial depth (Jackson 44-45). From a structural standpoint, this was successful due to the implementation of the system of anchorages taken as longitudinal units; they were made to be spatial bodies that were added to the next one in a symmetrical manner (Icher 49). The buildings had an isolated crossing that was a normal aspect
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The Romanesque architecture represented high creativity in art that had detailed symbolism that was very vital to the church theology. The arts represented the degradation of arts through the copying of styles to imitate the roman models and art that was considered to be very creative and a great innovation of the day.
Romanesque architecture was followed by Gothic architecture. On the other hand, Gothic architecture is a fashion of building design that is characteristic of the Gothic period between the twelfth and fifteenth century AD . Romanesque architecture relates to the style of building design that blends the fantastic and the realistic.
However, Goth cannot be confined within the aforementioned conditions. Goth has emerged also an architectural style that boomed in the 1200s. It flourished mostly in Europe but their influences are still somehow relevant until today. The architectural movement lasted for almost one and a half century and the edifices are still present until now.
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They have a clear construction and transparency and they are quite simple.” (Hay 1) The similarities are features that modern architects borrowed in their efforts to design modern buildings. The differences are features that modern architects deem unfit to be adopted in the construction of modern buildings.
The Greek sculpture embodied the ideal man. What was the peculiarity of this ideal? Greeks always believed that the beautiful soul can only live in the beautiful body. Therefore, the harmony of the body and the external perfection is a precondition and basis of the ideal man.
The author says that the Roman model of building and decoration, therefore, became the order of the day, usually to represent and influence the religious, political and racial aspects of the populations in the medieval era. By the end of 12th century, the Roman art of decoration and architecture had spread widely in Europe.
With Islamic art’s long history as well as geographical spread, the art became unavoidably subject to some wide variety of national and regional influences as well as styles and changes in different ages of its growth. Even
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