Chinese history: cultural revolution - Essay Example

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First, Mao’s close ties with China’s youths urged him to initiate strategies that would provide them with revolutionary experience. Secondly, Mao had urgency to reaffirm the fundamental role of…
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Download file to see previous pages In addressing the aforementioned rationale, Mao initiated Cultural Revolution with the intention of presenting youthful CPP members with leadership opportunities (541). It is imperative that Cultural Revolution era revitalized youths’ enthusiasm and beliefs besides strengthening Mao’s position within CPP and the country.
During Cultural Revolution era when radical groups including Red Guards moved through the republic, several economic activities stalled. The various battling factions of worker Red Guards and University students paralyzed business activities including shipment of goods, railways services, and closer of retail shops. Population of cultural revolutionary groups jammed city streets, restricted opening of warehouses, retail shops, and removed railway lines. The aforementioned activities of Red Guards groups and Students resulted into inadequacy of food supplies and fall in economic levels (547). Consequently, republic citizens lived in fear, suffered of hunger, and experienced nationwide famine. It is indispensable that great leap forward that involved attempts to attain rapid industrialization resulted into the aforementioned economic problems.
Besides closure of businesses and warehouses, industrial activities also stalled after workers abandoned their jobs. Majority of workers had contracted fear that they may fall victims of Red Guards who mistreated anti-cultural revolution citizens. In addition, other workers had boycotted duties to join Red Guards in protest for meager salaries and poor work conditions. Zhang and Yao tried to influence workers by ordering them back to their jobs through control of major impactful news sources. However, Zhang and Yao struggled with Red Guards and other youths who protested their notion through fighting (548).
After launching Cultural Revolution through issuance of circulars from CCP’s ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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