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Chinese history: restoration through reform - Essay Example

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Experiences gained by China after defeat in the Sino-Japanese war between 1894 and 1995 and eminent scramble for concessions resulted into several reforms within Qing dynasty. Significant changes included military, political, and educational reforms. The changes remained…
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Download file to see previous pages Qing also introduced changes in the national system of schools to assist in reorganizing the industry. Qing dynasty education adopted Japanese style of the educational system. The government also imported Japanese teachers and translated Japanese textbooks (Duiker and Spielvogel 623).
Qing dynasty also changed educational curricula by creating mixed curricula consisting of both traditional Chinese classical subjects and modern western subjects. Examination systems also involved the Eight-legged essay rather than the previous model. The government also sent its students in foreign countries for further studies. Returning students sat for state examinations and later recruited in Chinese government sectors. Some of the educational reforms that also included Hundred Days’ reforms failed, and international community described it as “a lapse to barbarism in that country”. Educational reforms aimed at teaching citizens’ patriotism and loyalty. It also promoted social literacy among citizens.
Experiences from Japan victory between 1904 and 1905 enlightened Qing dynasty leadership of the importance of constitutional and representative changes to help in unifying citizens and the government. Changes in constitutional and representative rule would also create Confucian ideals. Confucian ideals remained indispensable in strengthening the relations between beliefs of the people and regime. It was also imperative to have a constitution as all the existing European great powers possessed working Constitutions. Most of the regime leaders and Citizens had also believed that constitutional law is essential following successful movements that advocated reforms in Japan.
Qing dynasty achieved constitutional and representative reforms through creation of local self-governments. Dynasty sent official government missions who went to countries with established legal systems to study their how the foreign political laws ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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