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History of architecture NOTEBOOK - Book Report/Review Example

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In the early prehistoric settlements, at Catal Huyuk in Anatolia, Turkey, buildings were arranged in a “cellular organization.” This was basically a square shaped dwelling and a flat roof. The square shaped dwellings were accessed from the ‘roof-street’ which was made…
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History of architecture NOTEBOOK
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Download file to see previous pages Inside was a hollow excavated basement that was curved into the bedrock to make underground chambers. These pyramids are considered as one of the ancient wonders of the world.
The Temple of Queen Hatshepsut, Del-El-Bahari, Egypt was a mortuary temple dedicated to the sun god Amon. Its architecture comprised of three hypostyle halls with square unornamented columns. The roofs comprised of three terraces connected by ramps. Some sections of the temple were built into the hillside  part of the terrain.
Knossos Crete palace, in Greece was the center of Minoan Civilization. It was destroyed and rebuilt by various people during its life’s span (1700 - 1400 BCE). It contained frescoes on the walls. It had a labyrinth layout organized around a central courtyard and three stories. It was constructed with ashlar masonry and had minoan columns with a torus capital, large abacus and reverse entasis.
The Theater of Epidaurus in Peloponnese, Greece was built during the Hellenistic period. It had two distinct sections, 34 rows for the rulers and priests and 21 rows for citizens. It was built in the landscape, thus, the architecture had to follow the ground plane, instead of vice-versa. It was originally built to seat 5,000 people, but in the 2nd Century BCE, its seating capacity was increased to 14,000.
The Temple of Fortuna Virilis in Rome, Italy, is an iconic temple with its columns dedicated to Hercules. Its cella wall was constructed from concrete instead of marble blocks. Other materials that were used in its construction included travertine, tufa stone and stucco surfacing.
The other buildings that were under Brunelleschi’s name were the Hospital of the Innocents – 1419, Basilica di San Lorenzo – 1421, the Pazzi Chapel (1430 – 1433), and the S. Maria degli Angeli (1434 – 7). All his buildings had a distinct look and looked different from what others had done in the past.
Later on (1404 – 1472), an architect by the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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