This paper "Consequences of the Rape of Nanking" focuses on the fact that during the Sino-Japanese War, Japanese forces capture Nanking, the capital of China. At that time, the Chinese government fled to Hankow (Matson 1). The Chinese were resisting the Japanese forces. …
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Japanese soldiers also raped 20,000 – 80,000 women.
The rape of Nanking remains a contentious issue in politics. Some historical revisionists and Japanese nationalists dispute the event claiming that the massacre was exaggerated for propaganda purposes (Honda 45). There are enormous efforts by Japanese Nationalists to deny or rationalize Japanese war crimes. However, the controversy arising from the Rape of Nanking remains a stumbling block in Sino-Japanese relations. It is also a stumbling block to international relations between Japan and other Asia-Pacific nations such as South Korea and the Philippines (He 50).
Many senior members of the Japanese high command were responsible for the atrocities committed by Japanese soldiers in Nanking including Emperor Hirohito. Emperor Hirohito made all the major decisions during the operation including the decision to invade China in 1937. Hirohito’s uncle, Prince Asaka was a key player in the operation because he ordered the Japanese soldiers to kill all captives. In addition, he was responsible for the gendercide against Nanking’s men. General Nakajima Kesago, commander of the 16th division was also held responsible for the Nanking Massacre. He ordered the beheading of two war prisoners as a test of his new sword (Yin and Young 284).
In 1946-1947 there were war crimes trials in Nanjing. However, the trials only affected a few Japanese war criminals. Tani Hisao, a commander of the 6th division was sentenced to death in March 1947 and executed. The International Military Tribunal for the Far East (IMTFE) tried up to 30 key Japanese commanders. The tribunal tried Commander Matsui Iwane of the Central China Expeditionary Force. Matsui and other six ‘Class A’ war criminals were executed. General Yanagawa Heisuke and Lieut. General Nakajima Kesago died of a natural cause before they could be executed (Yamamoto 112).
However, some members of the royal family who were also responsible for the Nanking massacre were not tried and executed.
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(Consequences of the Rape of Nanking Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
“Consequences of the Rape of Nanking Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1644166-punishments-for-the-japan-after-the-rape-of-nanking.
Running Head: Date Rape Date Rape [Writer’s Name] [Institute’s Name] Date Rape METHODOLOGY Aims & Objectives The research should aim to collect a sufficient and relevant amount of data concerning date rape, within the available resources. This data should pertain to one main factor: the frequency of occurrence in different areas and in different socio-economic groups in society.
The Rape of Nanking by Iris Chang offers an insight into the developments that transpired during the capture and control of the Nanking, a significant urban area of China. The operation carried out during the 1937-1938, was led by invading Japanese forces.
Chang portrayed this Eastern holocaust that occurred during the Sino-Japanese War, along with the brutalities inflicted by the Imperial Japanese Army to the local Chinese natives after they seized Nanjing, China’s capital at the time.
Military rape is one of the increasingly common sexual crimes which challenges the dignity of the military profession as a whole. Referring to the studies of scholars like Brownmiller, traditionally it was considered as the right of a winning army to rape the women of the conquered.
Hampson narrates, “the officers said they believed Rob used a drug to sedate me…I felt completely violated – and so stupid” (Dorman, 2012). Hampson further adds, “I hate him for what he did to me – I doubt he ever loved me” (Dorman, 2012). Date rape can occur to any two individuals who know each other or who have consented to a social engagement.
Its effects are on a physical, mental and emotional level. The purpose of this essay is to explore the ways in which rape does affect individuals.
Rape does not always include violence, but is often the result of intense anger or hatred towards the
Controversy of the subject is debated upon whether compensation to comfort women is justified under the terms of war. It is argued that the plights of the comfort women were justified under the terms of war, and that no compensation is needed.
At the same instance, the study uncovers the reasons whether the denial of the Japanese government to accept responsibility on the conditions of the comfort women is justified. To establish evidences to support justifications of both parties, the study uses data gathering through a review of literature from published sources, both primary and secondary.
Feminists define the culture as men finding it exciting to sexually assault women and that they find pleasure in it. Rape culture defends the culture of violently harassing women and in the process affects their emotional well-being.