What or Who Caused the Cold War - Assignment Example

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In the paper “What or Who Caused the Cold War?” the author discusses the issue when the Soviet Union and the United States of America were allies who had worked together to defeat a common enemy, the Germans. Just a few years later, the two wartime allies turned into mortal enemies…
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What or Who Caused the Cold War
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Download file to see previous pages For some historians such as Bacino (3), the tensions between the two nations may have started in 1917 when the US sought to promote social and economic reconstruction in Siberia. During the same period, the Russians also made some efforts to enforce a structural transformation of the international political economy. It is possible that differences in ideologies existed between the two nations and these may have sparked some tensions. Most historians, however, focus on 1939 and 1940, which are also the years that marked the beginning of the Second World War. The views of the latter group of historians is supported by a series of events which began with the secret Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact of August 1939, and a supplementary accord that followed a month later and revealed the Soviets’ invention to integrate Estonia, Lithuania, Finland, eastern Poland, and Latvia into their territory (Elsuwege 29). The Russian Army occupied eastern Poland in the same month and by 1940, the Red Army had occupied Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia. Russia, however, failed in its invasion of Finland in 1939 and this forced the Russians to accept the cession of Finnish territory which it hoped would protect Leningrad from future invasions. The Soviet army advances in 1939 and 1940 and the signal that the Soviets received from Hitler’s Germany to expand westward culminated in the pursuit of Hitler’s defeated army to almost 100 miles west of Berlin. This evidence illustrates that Stalin had, at an early date, resolved to bring eastern Poland, the Baltic States, and Bessarabia within the expanding Russian empire but most of his expansion plans had to be put on hold between 1941 and 1944 as Russia defended its homeland territory. As shall be demonstrated later in this paper, some of the western leaders were uncomfortable. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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