Free

Western Civ - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Industrial Revolution refers to the changes in economic and social organization that began in about 1760 in England and later spread in other countries, characterized by the replacement of hand tools with power-driven machines, such as the power loom and steam engine, and by the…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.2% of users find it useful
Western Civ
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Western Civ"

SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ELEMENTS AND DEVELOPMENTS (FROM 1780 TO 1840) WHICH HELPED INDUSTRIALIZATION TO BEGIN IN BRITAIN THAN IN OTHER PLACES IN EUROPE Industrial Revolution refers to the changes in economic and social organization that began in about 1760 in England and later spread in other countries, characterized by the replacement of hand tools with power-driven machines, such as the power loom and steam engine, and by the concentration of industry in large establishments. The question therefore is, “Why did industrialization begin in England (Britain) and not other countries?” This essay therefore wishes to discuss the social and economic elements and developments which helped industrialization to begin in Britain and not in other places in Europe.
Firstly, at the end of the British feudalism, after the 17th Century English Civil war, scientific knowledge and entrepreneurial skills quickly started growing in Britain creating an onset of the industrial revolution. Many people wanted things to change for the better. They wanted to improve efficiency and quality of activities they were doing. According to Pearson Education (2010), these people wanted improved transport; manufactured cloth to match with growing demographic needs; maximize agricultural production; agricultural produce to be preserved in the best way; trade to expand beyond the frontiers and others. As such, many people with scientific and entrepreneur skills engaged in heavy technological advancement. Scientists started inventing various technologies such as improved textile machines and the steam engine whilst entrepreneurial capitalists supported the inventions with funding. Such technologies later improved transportation, cloth manufacturing and agricultural production. While this was happening in Britain, other countries had not yet started.
Secondly, Britain had a very big advantage over the other countries on natural resources. She had a very big base of natural resources such as iron, copper, coal, lead, tin, limestone and water power. Such minerals were abundant in places such as the English Midlands, South Wales and Scottish Lowlands. Pearson Education (2010) agrees that advancement in technology, agriculture and abundant labor made it easy for Britain to extract the natural resources and use them to expand manufacturing. On the other hand, other countries had limited natural resources; and it was difficult to extract them because of several reasons such as insufficient capital, poor political systems and lack of labor. Such a situation gave Britain an opportunity to lead in industrial revolution.
Thirdly, it should also be noted that aristocracy in continental Europe helped to put Britain in the lead during Industrial revolution. According to Pearson Education (2010), many aristocratic people who owned land and drew wealth from it did not have a spirit of capitalism (like those in Britain) and were more cautious about investing in a new enterprise. This situation was different in Britain. Land owners quickly embraced the idea of industrial revolution. As technology revolutionized agriculture, their yields and profits increased massively. Land owners, therefore, accumulated more money which they willingly invested in other economic activities, amongst which manufacturing was key. As such, Britain remained in the lead in industrial revolution.
Fourthly, the government of Britain contributed greatly toward the development of Industrial Revolution. Pearson Education (2010) emphasizes the point that the government created a capital base which enhanced the activities of industrial revolution. For example, the government built railway lines and road systems which facilitated the beginning of industrialization. It also encouraged banks to become major active partners in financing the industry. On the other hand, farmers (within Britain and on British colonies) and merchants revolutionized their activities and were able to invest in industrial revolution. Such organization was lacking in other countries, Britain kept leading in industrial revolution.
Furthermore, population growth was another factor that helped Britain to lead in industrial revolution. It doubled between 1680 and 1820. Pearson Education (2010) states that such increase in population provided a large supply of cheap local labor which was needed in factories and mines. Such population also created an increase in the demand for manufactured goods such as food and cloth, especially by the working class whose purchasing power had increased. This increase in population and purchasing power allowed for further expansion of industrialization. Cheap labor also helped investors save on wages; and maximize their capital holdings, hence further expand industrialization. The conditions were different in other countries. Demographic trends were poor due to poor political setups and diseases.
The other point worth noting is that Britain had removed all barriers that would hinder trade to all other states that formed the Great Britain such as Scotland, Wales and England. Pearson Education (2010) further explains that the removal of barriers to trade (market liberalization) created a single market and allowed goods to pass freely across the country. This situation was not the case in other European countries. For example, Germany and France were politically fragmented into many states, each with its own tariffs and taxes. Such a situation hindered free passage of goods and resources across the country. Besides, Britain had already created a big world market on the main land Europe and other continents. Advancement in the creation of the steam engine helped Britain to establish merchant ships that would export goods to the whole world.
Another important reason worth explaining is protectionism. Protectionism is the ability of a country to protect its economy from competition. During the industrial revolution, Britain had already put in place mechanisms that helped to protect her economy from competition with other countries. According to Pearson Education (2010), Britain tried as much as possible to avoid importation of necessary resources. Otherwise she promoted production from local industries and exportation. This was not the case with other countries. Such countries delayed in starting protectionism, hence leaned much on importation, a situation which made their own effort to industrialization lag behind Britain.
The discussion above clearly explores the social and economic elements and developments between 1780 and 1840 which helped industrialization to begin in Britain than in other places. It emphasizes the fact that, while other countries were still wrapped in aristocratic ideologies, Britain had made a shift into capitalist ideologies. People wanted a quick change on their social and economic lives. The solution was to wholesomely engage in industrial revolution as a country. However, just before and after 1840, Britain started experiencing competitors. Other countries started reorganizing themselves and ventured into industrial revolution.
BIBLIOGRAPHY
Pearson Education. (2010). The West: Encounters and Transformation. The Industrial
Revolution, 1760 – 1850. Retrieved March 6, 2014, from http://wps.ablongman.com/long_levack_wc_1/43/11053/2829693.cw/ Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Western Civ Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Western Civ Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1632324-western-civ
(Western Civ Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
Western Civ Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words. https://studentshare.org/history/1632324-western-civ.
“Western Civ Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1632324-western-civ.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Western Civ

For this paper, you will be engaging in a short oral history project involving data collection, analysis and presentation

...subjects had a clear recollection of the event. The youngest did not realize the significance at the time. She was 8 years old at the time. She remembers the sadness that enveloped the atmosphere. She was in third grade at the time and remembers her teacher crying as she broke the news. My next youngest subject was in college. He was about to take a “Western Civ” quiz when the professor announced the news. He can still remember his words. “Our president has been shot, the quiz is cancelled, go home and say your prayers.” Mrs. Zigo was unemployed at the time. She was at home caring for her children when she heard the news on TV. Mrs. Costa was at work when her boss announced the assassination. The...
3 Pages(750 words)Speech or Presentation

Histroy 101 Western Civ

... Democratic Ideals in Athenian Philosophy, Culture And Art Athens is best known in history as the bastion of democratic ideals, especially during the Middle Ages. Although its brilliant history is fraught with wars against internal and external invaders, it has greatly contributed to mankind many of its democratic ideals. Such democratic ideals were not only contained in the political realm; rather, it was deeply ingrained in their philosophy, culture, and art. Democracy was not just a belief. It was a way of life. This paper would discuss democratic ideals that are manifested in Athenian philosophy, culture, and art. Athens as a democratic state was much emphasized during the 4th century BC although many historical documents have...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Histroy 101 Western Civ

...? History 101 Western Civ The Persian Wars (499-479 BC) were fought between the Greek s and the Persians. Within this scenario, the relationship between Athens and the other Greek city states is noteworthy and the foretold war helped the Greek city-states to be united under Athens and to fight against external invasion. Besides, the Persian wars ignited hatred and jealousy among the Spartans and eventually led to the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC) and the decline of Athens as the strongest city state among the Greek city states. Thesis statement: The Persian Wars united the Greek city-states, but eventually led to the Peloponnesian War and the decline of Athens and the Greek city-states in general. The...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Obesity in Children - How Does It Exclude Them from School Sport and Activities

3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Globalization from a Cultural Anthropology's Perspective

..., In the Beginning: The Paleolithic Origins of Religious Consciousness 2007 Cloverdale Books, South Bend. Raoul Naroll and William T. Divale. 1976. Natural Selection in Cultural Evolution: Warfare versus Peaceful Diffusion. American Ethnologist 3: 97–128. Segal, Daniel (2000) Western Civ" and the Staging of History in American Higher Education The American Historical Review, Vol. 105, No. 3 (Jun., 2000), pp. 770–805 doi:10.2307/2651809... job capital of the world. Iranian women world over spend more than “1500 dollars” to achieve what they call the “perfect nose” . The influences of satellite and television have also been immense and invasive. Persian women and many South Asian countries have adopted the idea that western...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Conference and Events Management Reflective report on log book entries

8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

General Beauregard and his early life leading up to the Civil War

5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Properties of social media

4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment

Accounting for Anguish

1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Western civ (Greeks Vs, Hebrews)

...(Blainey). The achievements of various Athenians such as Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides, Herodotus, Thucydides, Hippocrates, Socrates, Plato and Aristotle among others laid the foundation for the modern Western civilization. The move to democracy strengthened the Greek quest for knowledge. Furthermore, the Greeks had managed to disassociate divinity with exploration of things around them. Even after Athens was subsumed into the larger Greek civilization, the traditions of learning and development continued unabated. The epistemological drive of the Greeks led to developments in science, architecture, law, philosophy, commerce and numerous other fields. A rich scientific tradition can be traced back to the Greeks with...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Western Civ for FREE!

Contact Us