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MARTIN LUTHER - Essay Example

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Martin Luther was a Christian reformist who lived between 1483 and 1546 in Germany where he had been a Catholic priest till the beginning of his reforms. His reforms were based on Christian faith and he begun the reforms in 1517 after being outraged by activities of the Catholic…
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Module Martin Luther as a Reformist Martin Luther was a Christian reformist who lived between 1483 and 1546 in Germany where he had been a Catholic priest till the beginning of his reforms. His reforms were based on Christian faith and he begun the reforms in 1517 after being outraged by activities of the Catholic Church where he believed that Christian principles and teachings were being manipulated by church leaders (Wengert 328). The main issue which he disputed involves the claim on forgiveness of sins by use money where people were being taught that they could buy freedom from sin and Gods punishment. After being excommunicated from the Catholic Church, he stated the protestant movement which led to protestant churches throughout the globe. This paper attempts to describe Martin Luther and his contribution to reforms that led to protestant churches.
Prior to his engagement in reforms Luther served as a philosophy student at University of Erfurt and became a professor in 1508 after having been ordained as a priest in 1507. He further engaged in higher studies of theology and in 1517 he opposed what he discovered as hypocrisy of priests in the Catholic Church (Somervill 27).Through expanded study and research of theology and understanding of the bible, Luther came to realize that Christians should not be deceived by church leaders that they can buy salvation or forgiveness of sins. His idea of justification of faith came from the bible and knowledge based on his theological study and he justified the fact that salvation was given by God through His grace that led to faith in Jesus Christ (Hendrix 56).
His original idea on Christianity was not compatible with the church theology because the church theology involved deceptive gospel. He was opposed to such issues like teaching people that their deeds could earn them eternal life. The church theology was also based on the authority of the pope and he challenged this authority by claiming that the only divine source of knowledge was the Bible and was given by God (Bainton 47).
Martin Luther started the protestant reformation after being irritated by the sale of indulgences within the Catholic Church and confronted Johann Tetzel who was a salesman with ninety five theses. He posted the theses at the main door of Castle Church based in Wittenburg and theses contained such issues like the hypocrisy of church leaders especially concerning the sale of indulgences to the masses. He was later asked to retract his writings by the Pope and Holy Roman Empire where he refused and was excommunicated from the church and he stated the protestant movement (Hopper 72).
The factors which were involved in the protestant movement were mainly based on translation of the bible and the fact that there were other protestant reforms that had also started. The translation of the bible led to easier spread of the gospel in various places. These facts led to success in the reforms of the church and Luther is considered successful in his determination to transform the church as the protestant church has grown over the years (Lugioyo 10).
In conclusion, Martin Luther played a significant role in reforming the church. He opposed the activities of the Catholic priests and the pope and he was excommunicated from the church. He was successful in his role to transform the church.
Works Cited
Bainton, Roland H. Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther. Peabody, Mass: Hendrickson Publishers, 2009. Print.
Hendrix, Scott H. Early Protestant Spirituality. New York: Paulist Press, 2009. Print.
Hopper, David H. Divine Transcendence and the Culture of Change. Grand Rapids, Mich: William B. Eerdmans, 2011. Print.
Lugioyo, Brian. Martin Bucers Doctrine of Justification: Reformation Theology and Early Modern Irenicism. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010. Web. 15 Feb. 2014.
Somervill, Barbara A. Martin Luther: Father of the Reformation. Minneapolis, Minn: Compass Point Books, 2006. Print.
Wengert, Timothy J. The Pastoral Luther: Essays on Martin Luthers Practical Theology. Grand Rapids, Mich: W.B. Eerdmans Pub. Co, 2009. Read More
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