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Muhammad refused to worship the idols and tribal deities and instead preferred to worship one God of Abraham. He then began retreating for prayer, in a small cave in the mountains near Mecca, at the age of forty where he prayed and meditated about the meaning of his life. After five years of yearly retreating in the cave during Ramadan, the angel Gabriel appeared to him. Gabriel declared Muhammad a messenger of God and made him recite a set of sacred words coming from the Divine. The Quran comprises of the recitations of the revelations he received for the next 22 years (O’connor, 2009).
His teaching of these revelations in Mecca was met with numerous resistances mostly because his message posed a threat to polytheism and other political as well as economic powers. As a result of this, Mohammad found his first followers in the lower class society along with people who wanted a new social order. In the year 622 he travelled to Yathrib, an event called “Hejira” because it marked the turning point of Islam. From there onwards, Islam was no longer just a religious but a strong political power. The community of believers turned into a nation with Muhammad acting as the religious and political leader. Muhammad and his followers took over Mecca in 630 without any resistance. By the period of his demise in 632, Islam had spread to parts of Asia, Africa and Europe, and today Islam has well over 450 million followers around the world (Goldschmidt & Davidson, 2013).
Islam means absolute submission to the will of Allah and those who willingly submit to his will become Muslims. For one to become Muslim, one must live according to the words of the Holy Quran and believe in God, Angels, revelations, prophets, resurrection, judgment and predestination. These are the basic principles of the Islamic religion.
This is a profession that says, “There is no God but Allah and Muhammad (PBUH) is the Messenger of Allah” (Gulen, &
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