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Comparative on Rousseau's Social Contract and John Stuart Mill's On Liberty - Essay Example

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This essay discusses and compares Rousseau's Social Contract and John Stuart Mill's On Liberty, with a view to assessing their points of congruence and departure, in regards to the concept of liberty and the freedom of man. The researcher analyzes two articles and presents different opinions…
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Comparative Essay on Rousseaus Social Contract and John Stuart Mills On Liberty
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Comparative on Rousseau's Social Contract and John Stuart Mill's On Liberty

Download file to see previous pages... This essay presents two opinions analyzed by the researcher. According to the answers given by Rousseau, the formation of a government through personal will surpasses individual rights and freedoms, since the capacity of individuals to submit their freedoms and rights to the general will of the community forms the basis of a civilized society. Therefore, his argument is that freedom is not the absence of restriction in an individual’s rights and liberties, but the free consent to allow the general will of the community to take preference, since in the prevalence of the general will of the community, all the individuals will be equally protected and cared for, as opposed to the situation where all individuals are straining to protect their own self-interests and desires. On the other hand, Mill answers the questions from the perspective of the need to protect the rights and freedoms of individuals, at the expense of allowing the general will of the community to prevail. His perspective is that an individual can exercise his freedoms and liberties as much as he/she would like, as long as they are not causing harm to others. Mills advocacy of the unconditional exercise of personal rights and freedoms might be untenable, considering that individual interests are always conflicting and thus bound to cause conflicts of interests and chaos amongst the people in a society. Therefore, the general will of the community should prevail over individual interests, and thus individual rights and freedoms need to be restricted. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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