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t is the hope of this author that a better and more complete understanding of each can be appreciated by utilizing the lens of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor as a focal point to identify the failures of US strategy in preparing for and responding to such an attack. Though hindsight is always perfect, it is through an examination of past failures that the current student and/or researcher can hope to gain a level of inference into the means by which prior failures have occurred and why they have taken place in the precise means by which they have. Accordingly, the principles to be analyzed are as follows: objective, offensive, mass, economy of force, maneuver, unity of command, security, surprise, and simplicity.
The objective of the raid on Pearl Harbor was clear and evident. Due to the fact that Pearl Harbor represented the highest concentration of American naval power in the Pacific region, an attack on such a target would yield a high level of reward for the enemy in that it could cripple the American ability to project force into the Pacific theater and held the potential of reducing the United States involvement in the Pacific to such a level that it would not be able to counter Imperial Japan’s actions and acquisitions. As the United States Army describes, “the ultimate military purpose of war is the destruction of the enemy’s ability to fight and/or will to fight”1. As such, the attack on Pearl Harbor was a clear and definitively targeted operation that was meant to destroy American capability. As a function of such an obvious threat and the concentration of American power that Pearl Harbor represented, it should have been perennially within the minds of the American military leadership that Pearl Harbor and other concentrations of American power within the Pacific region, as well as the rest of the world at that time, should be safeguarded beyond any level of steps that had previously been taken. As a function of the clear and
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Japan started preparations to attack US navy present in pacific. After the preparations and practice of six months, Japan launched a secret attack on Pearl Harbor Hawaii on 7 December 1941. Besides other reasons, Japan had lost 90% of its oil supply due to American economic sanctions (Borch & Martinez 2005).
The commission could have forced Dr. Terry Callaway who attended to Osama and Terry Mitchell, a local CIA agent whom he visited to testify under oath. Abu Zubaydah was mentioned more prominently in December 2007 with Director Michael Hayden mentioning that the CIA had destroyed all videotapes of interrogations involving all al Qaeda prisoners specifically him on account of the testimony he had given (Griffin 139).
This essay will focus on the ideas that connect the minds of people and the ideas that united them. The focus idea of this study is racism and other social inequalities as the result of the war.
Though the American government has made numerous of mistakes over the years, there was perhaps none so inhumane or disgustingly unconstitutional as the interment of Japans and American during the World War Two.
Up until the attack occurred, the United States had been keeping a close eye on Japan and the pacts the country made with Germany and Italy.
The question that has been unanswered since the attack is whether the attack could have been
According to the study conducted while it is sufficient for some films to use historical time periods as only a backdrop to the story, a film in which the title draws upon a deeply significant historical event such as the Pearl Harbor attacks that drew the United States into World War II is expected to include a great deal of historical accuracy and focus as an integral part of the storyline.
Pearl Harbor bombing was the first attack of its magnitude after the initial years of the formation of the US. The initial reaction of the Americans to the traumatic defeat of the US hovered around anger and incredulity (Slackman, 1990). A day after the attack, the
Since the 1920’s, there had been tension between Japan and the United States. Japan wanted to take over parts of Southeast Asia, but the United States had several assets in that portion of the world. This tension had its ups
Their pre-emptive strike was aimed at preventing American interference in their invasion plans. In order to accomplish their objectives, Japanese military planned to attack U.S. forces in the Philippines, Guam, Wake Island, in particular U.S.
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