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Christian’s study was ethnographic in nature. The study involved observation of families as they travel to various New York prisons to visit their loved ones. The study also involved observation of family members during family support group meetings for prisoners’ families and related activities for a period of 200 hours (Christian 35). In addition, the study involved open-ended interviews with prisoners’ family members. The interviews featured 19 family members with the samples comprising girlfriends, wives, one brother, and mothers (Christian 35).
The study established that many prisoners are never visited by their family members for a variety of reasons. Some of the main reasons behind this trend include financial constraints, distance between home and prison, severed or strained relationships with the person incarcerated, and issues related to prison bureaucracy. As such, the study reveals that visiting a prisoner involves the expenditure of finance, time, energy, and other resources (Christian 44).
The study established that the family members that visit their loved ones in prison do so for a variety of reason including: to provide moral support to the prisoner; to watch over the prison system against mistreating prisoners; to secure hope for a different future (parole), and to provide basic needs to the prisoners (Christian 40-44).
The study further established that the relationships between prisoners and their family members are fluid and change over time. The research reveals that incarceration has unintended consequences on families as some people end up severing their relations with prisoners (Christian, 46). The relations are also affected due to the high demands associated with prison visits. Yet another factor that affects families’ visits relate to their relationship with the prisoner before incarceration and the prisoner’s efforts toward self rehabilitation.
Christian’s study which
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Besides insisting on the criminality of white-collar offenses, Sutherland (1945.) also maintained that the differential application of the law to conventional and white-collar crimes "blurred and concealed" the criminality of the white-collar offenses. By inventing special administrative agencies and commissions to handle white-collar crimes, rather than using the criminal courts, the stigma of crime is minimized.
Punishment is a penalty given by the court to the person who commits a crime. When a punishment is given to a criminal, the criminal thinks twice before committing the crime again once he/she comes out of jail. I personally believe that punishment is a very effective tool for reducing the number of crimes in any specific part of the world.
The word crime is often used to describe an action or omission that constitutes an offence that is punishable by law or simply an illegal activity. From the sociology point of view, it is any action by a person that is deemed injurious to the general public welfare or morals or to the interest of the state and that is legally prohibited.
Dostoyevsky rejects the laws of sovereignty and industrialized society, both. He advocates instead the principles of natural law as the means of identifying crime, exacting punishment, and ultimately providing redemption.
Dostoyevsky explores the principles of jurisprudence through the struggle of his protagonist, Raskolnikov.
Society evolves over the time to change the rules as evident in the laws for contemporary society and ancient generation. The literature review of the story of the Genesis Flood and Gilgamesh reflects on the insight of authors about God's wrath with respect to commitment of crime from humankind.
A young man of middle-class origin who is living in dire need is expelled from the university. From superficial and weak thinking, having been influenced by certain "unfinished" ideas in the air, he decides to get himself out of a difficult situation quickly by killing an old woman, a usurer and widow of a government servant.
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However, the paper below seeks to defend Dostoevsky’s intended notion. Dostoevsky’s notion is having a transformed Raskolnikov acknowledge his wrongdoing and take upon himself the suffering.
First, the epilogue’s criticisms seem to be
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