Free

Eduaction in Texas - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
On this year of independent, Texas blamed its poor public system of education on their then Mexican government regardless of the boundless resources in the state. Notably,…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.2% of users find it useful
Eduaction in Texas
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Eduaction in Texas"

Education in Texas The drive of Texans’ education can be traced from the 1836 when Texas was declared an Independent . On this year of independent, Texas blamed its poor public system of education on their then Mexican government regardless of the boundless resources in the state. Notably, this blame has ever worsened the political ties between Texas and Mexico. In the year 1840, the first Anglo American school law was enacted in Texas. This law facilitated the survey and set aside of four leagues of land per county towards supporting public schools (Blanton 23). In addition, the 1845 state constitution allocated one tenth of the state’s annual tax revenue towards supporting the free public schools in Texas. In the same year, a new law that permanently set aside two million of the ten million dollars in the five United States’ Indemnity bonds received from the settlement with Texas’ boundary was established.
After the America’s civil and reconstruction, Texas introduced a new constitution of 1876 that provided 45 million acres of the public domain towards supporting public schools. Moreover, the law directed that income obtained from the new permanent school funds to be invested in bonds (Kemerer and Walsh 56). This law was rewritten in 1884 whereby it created the state superintendent office and affirmation of the state ad valorem tax. Additionally, in the same year, a law that required funds from permanent schools to be invested to other bonds and county towards increasing the income was enacted. After about 100 years, in the 1983, Texas voted and approved constitution amendment that guaranteed district school bonds by the Permanent School Fund (Preuss 144). The education commissioners later approved this amendment leading to proper issuing of bonds by school districts and the same was guaranteed by the Fund corpus. Currently, the local school districts obtain approximately 765 million dollars as income from the Permanent School Fund.
Numerous additional laws in Texas and its related towns have ever guaranteed Texas freedom in the administration and development of its schools and led to independence of school districts. The Texas school systems have been credible since 1885 when its high schools sent selected test papers examination to the University of Texas (Shirley 102). Since then, the Texas schools have been affiliated with Texas University, and graduates from these schools send their graduates to Texas University without admission examinations (Preuss 37).
The 1911 rural school law established education county boards that permitted the creation of rural, high schools. The laws also consolidated common school districts. This effort made rural or common schools equal to the urban or independent district schools. The additional 1917 laws authorized the state to purchase textbooks and this facilitated education in Texas (Shirley 92). Furthermore, the expansion of the rural aids supported teachers’ salaries. Additionally, the law improved education provision among the state’s ranchers and farmers’ children.
Numerous reforms have helped in elevating the education standards in Texas. Some of these reforms include the 1984 House Bill 72 that increased teachers’ pay rise, channeled more funds to the property-poor school districts, and improved academic achievement among the students. Additionally, there was the 1995 Texas Education System reform turned more education authorities to the local school districts. The 1995 gave the governor the powers to appoint education commissioners (Kemerer and Walsh 271). This reform may affect the administrative performance of schools since the appointment of commissioners is quite political and may undermine some vital professional qualification required of a commissioner.
Alternatively, the governor may use the appointment to reward some of his or her political sympathizers (Maxwell, Crain, and Santos 80). However, the reforms that called for the establishment of a separate educator certification may be avenues for checks and balances in the administrative reforms, in schools in Texas (Blanton 312). Moreover, some of these reforms have increased academic accountability standards in Texas’ schools; thus, should be upheld and made even tougher. For instance, the rigorous graduation and curriculum requirements among tough statewide assessment tests among other academic accountability measures are some reforms to be embraced in Texas.
Works Cited
Blanton, Carlos K. The Strange Career of Bilingual Education in Texas, 1836-1981. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2007. Print.
Kemerer, Frank R, and Jim Walsh. The Educators Guide to Texas School Law. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2000. Print.
Maxwell, William E, Ernest Crain, and Adolfo Santos. Texas Politics Today. Boston, MA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning, 2012. Print.
Preuss, Gene B. To Get a Better School System: One Hundred Years of Education Reform in Texas. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2009. Print.
Shirley, Dennis. Community Organizing for Urban School Reform. Austin, Tex: Univ. of Texas Press, 1997. Print. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Eduaction in Texas Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Eduaction in Texas Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1603210-eduaction-in-texas
(Eduaction in Texas Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
Eduaction in Texas Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words. https://studentshare.org/history/1603210-eduaction-in-texas.
“Eduaction in Texas Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1603210-eduaction-in-texas.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Eduaction in Texas

Studying Hospitality and Events in Higher eduaction

... This is a ten page Harvard citation style essay with eleven works cited. The objective of this essay is to present a bid proposal for the conference: ‘Studying Hospitality and Events in Higher Education’ which is to be held on 9 May 2012. The objective of this essay is to demonstrate an understanding of the hospitality and event operations specific to venue selection for conferences. Different perspectives to different industry queries will be explored. The elements of human resource management and emotional intelligence with application to the hospitality and event operations personnel in organizations will be explored. The significance of conferences in the hospitality and event operations industry will also be explored... This is a ten...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

TEXAS ELECTIONS

...?a The trend for Texas in the elections is Texas votes Republican at a higher percentage than the rest of the United s. For example, in the 2000 election the rate of National and Texas votes were 47.87% nationally and 59.29% statewide. For the 2004 election the rate of National and Texas votes were 50.73% nationally and 61.08% statewide. For the 2008 election the rate of National and Texas votes were 45.67% nationally and 55.45% statewide. If Texas votes for Republicans more, than they vote for Democrats less when compared to the national percentages. Williamson County votes at a higher percentage of Republicans than Travis County, the...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Texas History

...?Full 18th July Q Describe the Texas before European contact. Be sure to include a discussion of its people, climate and ecology. Answer: McComb reveals the geographical boundaries of Texas to stretch from 770 miles from east to west and 800 miles from north to south, encompassing the area of magnitude 267,000 square miles, taking up 7% of the whole of United States (2). He further states that the region is called ‘Land of Contrasts’ owing to its variation in landscape since four out of eight geographic terrain making up North American Topography marks the state (3). Schmidly states that the Grasslands stretch from Canada to the High Plains till the prairies, sandy beaches and marshes marking the...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Texas History

...? Law of 06 April 1830 It was enacted to counter the Mexico Texas issue, which posed as a risk to be annexed by USA. 2. Labeled as the “stamp act”of the Mexican revolution. 3. Came intact because of a Mexican general who wanted colonization of Texas through military occupation and trade. 4. Initiated by the desire of USA to purchase Mexican Texas which was declined by the President of Mexico. 5. The law refused the migration of any individuals from United States to Texas. 6. Contracts were established at a federal rather than a state level in which the colonies must have residents of 150 individuals. 7. Convicts of the colonies would be sent to Texas for construction projects. 8. The ban did not diminish migration of US citizens... to...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Nursing Eduaction

... Nursing Education Introduction In any learning discipline, there is the possibility to include careful planning and organization strategies that reflect the skills to be acquired. Within any lecture to be accorded to the learner, the institution places a set of guidelines to be presented to the students. The success of the program is reliant on the need to complete the course into a successful criteria outlined in the setting. Various institutions present varied rules to be followed in implementing their curriculum. The mode of completing one course is varied to the other due to the flexibility and mechanism involved in the selected classes. Nursing programs have been implemented in various countries to adhere to set codes... Nursing...
6 Pages(1500 words)Literature review

College Life

5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Texas Lottery

...09 October 2008 Texas Lottery Texas Lottery is a form of gambling viewed as a form of risk preference and treated as an aspect of economic decision making. Before getting into law enforcement's problems and extraordinary temptations, some background in both the laws and crimes is essential. First, a brief discussion of three major types of illegal gambling operations is appropriate: bookmaking, taking bets on sports events and/or horse races; numbers, taking bets on what number will be selected or occur in some random way; and commercial (illegal) card or casino games. Thesis: It is right for Texas law to restricts the lottery commission from introducing new forms of...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Texas Government

...Texas Government Texas Government Titus Rock Manickam Order No. 230499 15 June 2008 Texas Government Former Texas Constitution and U.S. Constitution The comparison of the former Texas constitution with the United States constitution highlights the unique status of Texas in the history of the United States. No other state in the USA can boast of a background intrinsically entwined with other nations, viz. Spain and Mexico. The current features of Texas are essentially a spin off from the momentous periods of its 18th century and earlier half of the 19th century politics and demography. The former Texas' constitution and United States' constitution find their origins with settlers from European nations responsible for the evolution... of...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Texas Exceptionalism

...From the dictionary, the word exceptional is normally defined as unusual or outstanding. This definition normally looks on the good side of something. How unusually good something is. In this context, the word exceptional will be looked at in the negative perspective. That is unusually bad. Texas is a state that stands out from the rest in all the possible negatives. Historians and other scholars have been researching on what or who could be the cause of this phenomenon. Texas people are considered to be the most desperate people in America (Nackman 33). The reason as to why they are famous for this or rather described as such is because of the following reasons. The State has the largest percentages of...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Texas Government

...May 24 Should the Texas Legislature continue to serve as a part-time lawmaking body, only meeting in regular sessionfor 140 days every two years, or should it change to a full-time body meeting in regular session each year? The limitation of biennial regular sessions in Texas Constitution forces the state government at times to go for constitutional amendment process rather than facilitate lawmaking through regular legislative procedures. The specified duration for procedures, such as initiation of bills, committee operations and floor action, affects the formal and informal factors which influence legislation. For instance, the power of the governor, presiding officers and lobbyists is substantially...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Eduaction in Texas for FREE!

Contact Us