Summarize: 'of the state of nature' in chapter II by John Locke - Book Report/Review Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
He argues that threats should not be used against each other because they create a state of war. Those who feel threatened have the power to destroy those who may be doing…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.2% of users find it useful
Summarize: of the state of nature in chapter II by John Locke
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Summarize: 'of the state of nature' in chapter II by John Locke"

Second Treatise of Government and a Letter Concerning Toleration by John Locke: A Summary of Chapters III and IV Second Treatise of Government Second Treatise of Government and a Letter Concerning Toleration by John Locke: A Summary of Chapters III and IV
Chapter III: State of War
In this chapter, Locke (2002) indicates that self preservation is significant in the day-to-day activities. He argues that threats should not be used against each other because they create a state of war. Those who feel threatened have the power to destroy those who may be doing so to them. According to Locke, people who take control of others can easily make them do things that they may not have done. This indicates that such people have the influence to make their subjects behave contrary to their will.
Locke further asserts that a state of war exists when a thief steals someone’s property. This is because when this happens, the thief has violated one’s right of possession and is allowed to die. Such deaths are lawful since they are aimed at stopping violations of others’ rights. He goes further to indicate that a state of nature is when human beings live without authority or government. In such cases, where one takes advantage to take way other people’s property, a state of war is declared. This is because the one who is violated lacks the office that would administer justice. Therefore, a state of war allows him to defend himself against the aggressor. There are cases in society when a judge and those in authority are present but the rule of law has been neglected. This, according to the author, will create a state of war since people will lack confidence in the judicial systems.
Chapter IV: Slavery
The author, in this chapter, indicates that man is free from another man’s control. He can only be dominated out of his own will. Such a man cannot allow the law to go beyond all that he is sure of with authority. Authority enhances the rule of common law that works for subjects regardless of their status in society. Those who do not violate the law enjoy their autonomy and freedom. Slavery is defined as a state of war between the powerful and the powerless. Human beings cannot give more than they have, which extends to his life. One who has committed a crime feels that he owes his life to the one he wronged. This makes him enslaved, and as a result, he may end up committing suicide. Locke indicates that slavery and state of war can be controlled when the conqueror applies a limited rule, which may make the conquered obey.
Locke, J. (2002). The Second Treatise of Government and a Letter Concerning Toleration. New York: NY: Courier Dover Publications. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Summarize: 'of the state of nature' in chapter II by John Locke Book Report/Review”, n.d.)
Summarize: 'of the state of nature' in chapter II by John Locke Book Report/Review. Retrieved from
(Summarize: 'of the State of nature' In Chapter II by John Locke Book Report/Review)
Summarize: 'of the State of nature' In Chapter II by John Locke Book Report/Review.
“Summarize: 'of the State of nature' In Chapter II by John Locke Book Report/Review”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Summarize: 'of the state of nature' in chapter II by John Locke

Chapter Summarize

...of water when in need) , remembering patient’s interests (movies, matches etc.) or expanding patient’s awareness (making a patient feel close to home ). Responding to gifts- Patients and their respective family members often offer gifts to healthcare professionals. This creates a dilemma for these professionals , whether to accept them or not. Before deciding doctors should consider the monetary value, patient’s intention , nature of professional closeness . they should also keep in mind that the gift should not create any sort of hindrance in the therapeutic process. Gifts presented with a genuine feeling of gratitude must be accepted. Gifts that are offensive must be politely refused. But, since the refusal can appeal...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Philosopher Biography: John Locke

...?Philosopher Biography: John Locke John Locke is recognized as one of the major philosophers of the Modern period. His seminal thinking in texts suchas an Essay Concerning Human Understanding and Two Treatises on Government had both a powerful impact on thinkers of his time and would go on to influence some of the founding forefathers of the United States, including Thomas Jefferson. Jefferson would once say, “Bacon, Locke, Newton ... I consider them as the three greatest men that have ever lived, without any exception, and as having laid the foundation of those superstructures which have been raised in the Physical and Moral sciences"...
7 Pages(1750 words)Term Paper

John Locke

...for that property or land constitutes the equality to own property. In contrast to this, those who are unable to produce their own labor through a fault that is not their own, have to rely on others, so as to access resources for them and maintain their natural rights (Feallsanach, 320). Locke divulges that to acquire land, an individual has to possess the means of accomplishing this task. To this light, Locke contends that that whatever a man removes out of the state of nature and mingles it with his labor and joined with his property makes the object his. Every individual possesses his own body and the labor that his own body performs should be...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Locke on the state

...the descriptive. By examining theories regarding the human state of nature, it is possible to set forth standards and norms by which people ought to live, including those relating to who should rule. This essay will analyze Locke's account of the origins and purpose of governance, with the aim of understanding how supporting the conflicting ideals of autonomy and authority might be remedied. Locke's state of nature comprises three elements; a state of perfect freedom, a state of equality and a state of natural law, which commands "no-one ought to harm another in his...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Thomas Hobbes vs. John Locke/pro John Locke

...Thomas Hobbes and John Locke stand out as two of the most prominent and influential of the political philosophers. Both are ified as social contract theorists but Hobbes, whose work predates Locke's by approximately one century, was the polar opposite of the latter. Indeed, it would hardly be an exaggeration were one to claim that the one's theory is the antithesis of the other's. The aforementioned is evidenced in the fact that both had very different notions of human nature and, accordingly, of the rationale behind the entry of citizens into a social contract, the implications of the said contracts and the rights of the populace versus the limits of government. ...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

John Locke

...executive and judicial officers. Later ones did not give the governor a veto over actions of the legislature, making the General Assembly supreme, as Locke believed it should be. In 1997, the voters granted him that power. The current State Constitution begins with a Lock-ean Bill of Rights. The second section states that all political power is vested in and derived from the People. The State Constitution goes on to provide for the separation of powers, the right of assembly, religious liberty, freedom of speech, for other rights and for the organisation of government. Works Cited 1. Harrison, Ross. Hobbes, Locke, and Confusion's...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Summarize chapter 22

...Chapter Summary. The purpose of this paper is to provide a summary of chapter twenty five as it pertains to Other Approaches to Aviation Safety. Thefirst approach covered was Safety Management System which is quite simply a comprehensive approach to aviation safety. This is achieved through monitoring of necessary controls. This represents a proactive approach to aviation safety management. The next approach is the Boeing Safety Management System which is an overall systematic approach to safety amongst all involved parties. This approach encompasses the function to actively monitor and incorporate a formalized safety plan, incident analysis, and safety management. The next approach for aviation safety...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Summarize chapter one

... Computer Networks and the Internet In respect to a Nuts- and –Bolts description, the internet is referred to be a computer network which interconnects many people worldwide through the computing devices available. Some years back, Linux workstations, servers which store and transmit information like web pages and traditional desktops PCs were the computing devices used. Computing devices such as Web cams, automobiles, gaming consoles, tablets, Smart phones, laptops, picture frames, home electrical and security systems and environmental sensing devices have currently been connected to the internet globally. A network of packet switches and communication links work hand in hand with end systems since they are effectively connected... Computer...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

The effect of temperature on the Kinesis behavior of fly larvae

3 Pages(750 words)Essay

John Locke

...of the essence in the An Essay Concerning Human Understanding does not have an adequate explanation. The study of philosophy, religion and an understanding of politics helped in promoting the concept of human freedom. Works Cited BookRags. An Essay Concerning Human Understanding - Book II, Chapters 16-33 Summary & Analysis. n.d. Web. 10 April 2015. Brubaker, Stanley C. "Coming into Ones Own: John Lockes Theory of Property, God, and Politics." Review of Politics. (2012): 207-232. Print. Delaney, Tim. The March of Unreason: Science, Democracy, and the New Fundamentalism. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005. Print. Grant, Ruth W. "John...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Book Report/Review on topic Summarize: 'of the state of nature' in chapter II by John Locke for FREE!

Contact Us