Philosophy is an all-time old discipline that accounts for many great leaders that have followed philosophy from thousands of years ago. Of the many famous philosophers is Socrates. While his contribution to…
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Socrates’s interaction with the youth saw him accused of corrupting their minds. This ambiguous charge was followed by a trial, encompassing disrespect to the Greek gods and creation of deities that was nonexistent there before.His conviction followed a voting practice that involved a jury of 500 Athenians (Plato 13). The jury was charged with the responsibility of critically looking into the charges and making a ruling as whether Socrates was guilty or nor. The trial was complemented by a jury vote to declare Socrates innocent or guilty. The jury voted for conviction, but had not decided on the punishment yet.
Socrates’s punishment was to be arrived at after another voting exercise. After the voting exercise, the jury made a decision to have Socrates executed. The sentence to death was undertaken, and Socrates was made to drink a hemlock-based liquid (Plato 18). Plato was a close associate of Socrates’s disciplines and a friend. The accounts of the trial and the subsequent death of this philosopher were closely followed through him and Xenophon, the only two people who are regarded as primary sources to what befell Socrates.
Plato’s text makes an account of Socrates’s trial and execution, highlighting Socrates’s feeling about the essentiality of self-knowledge and need for deities. Athenian religion is outlined as a critical concept that Plato was concerned about in his text. Socrates failed to acknowledge the gods that Athens acknowledged. This did not go down well with the Athens’s authorities, thus his trial for that alongside corrupting the youth. Plato shared the same sentiments, and more especially seemed to uphold Socrates’s doctrines. Plato expresses his adamant feelingsthat Athenian religion was primitive and delusional.
Plato (19) quotes, “If you had no clear knowledge of piety and impiety you would never have ventured to prosecute your old
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The main character is Offred, who has been assigned the social and vocational role of a Handmaid. This is a woman who, because of her background as a fertile woman (she had a daughter) previously married to a divorcee (making her marriage null and void in this society and herself a close-cousin to a prostitute because she had broken her original vows), has been reassigned in the new world order to provide an elite couple with a child.
The most interesting feature of the book is the way that arguments are constructed on both sides, looking at the pros and cons of something important. There is an impression that each side is equally matched, and the reader follows the two sides of the argument, which is very good training for academic work.
Through this text, Plato exhibits the ultimate significance of Socrates as a teacher by whom he was able to unravel the perils of human psyche and politics which had been evident in Socrates’ mock trial by the jury to which the irony of his apologetic articulation was dedicated (T&G West, 16).
It is related to the metaphor of the sun and the analogy of the divided line. It refers to make a statement that "those who are without philosophy are like prisoners in the cave. They are in chains and cannot turn round. Behind them is fire, and before them empty cave shut off at the back by the blank wall.
The article defines utmost strength on knowledge and virtue as the most significant in Plato’s Republic. Only those who can ‘see’ will govern as they are not akin to succumb to pressures of corruption and other unbridled pursuits attached to corridors of power. Plato’s is a wise ideal state, indeed.
What never ceases to capture my attention with Plato is how often quotes from Republic appear from time to time in everyday life from father-to-son advice to advertising slogans. The timelessness of this work is a wonder, since the very fabric (pathos) of humanity is explored and appears to be relatively unchanged over the span of two millennia when Republic is read with a relaxed mind.
If we want to flourish as individuals and to develop the habits and moral outlook that will make our lives a blessing to ourselves and to those around us, Grube's translation of Apology provides the beacon light.
In this paper I will discuss the "True Origin of the Slander" from Socrates early accusers, how does Socrates argument against his latter accuser Meletus show that Meletus isn't concerned with education and lastly how does Socrates argument against Meletus is an example of the true origin of "The Early Slander."
Although Socrates says that the path to the greatest good is in right action, Plato insists that it is instead in right thought (Strathern, 1996, p. 25). When one is full of right thought, the perfect form
at governs the entire soul of the individual and therefore one needs to seek both knowledge and truth in his pursuit of the ultimate form of good; however, Plato believes that the form of good is superior to both truth and knowledge as they are stemmed from the form of good.