Free

Harlem Hellfighters - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Prior to and during the war, racial segregation was rife in America, where black people were treated as minority. This situation was, however, bound to change with the…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97% of users find it useful
Harlem Hellfighters
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Harlem Hellfighters"

No. The 369th and Racial Discrimination During World War II, black soldiers from Harlem not only fought for their country, but for their race as well. Prior to and during the war, racial segregation was rife in America, where black people were treated as minority. This situation was, however, bound to change with the involvement of the United States in the Second World War. The inclusion of the 369th would see to a positive change in how African-Americans were treated in the United States.
Prior to the Second World War, racial segregation was so prevalent that social amenities such as schools and theatres were built separate for whites and blacks. In this era, the 369th, a military organization for black people was formed in Harlem. This remarkable group fought for the French in World War I and helped the French defeat their enemies. It is this success that led to a dilemma within government quarters on what to do with the black soldiers during World War II. The Negroes were seen as inferior to the white combatants, apparently because the former were lacking in intelligence and discipline (Graebner & Waller 1996, p.194). Majority of white people were opposed to the inclusion of black men in the U.S army arguing that the blacks would fail miserably in the military and would only bring shame to America.
Nonetheless, as a result of mounting public pressure, President Roosevelt was compelled to include black people in the military. The 369th was called up to duty in the Antiaircraft. For the black people in Harlem, 369th was not only fighting for the honor of their country, but also for that of the black people in America. The success of 369th would represent the success of the black community in America. 369th spent a year in training at Oswego and came out as professionally trained soldiers.
On their mission to Hawaii, 369th encountered racist ideas such as; black men had tails and that a relationship with a black man would lead to a baby with a tail. The 369th also had to deal with incidents of fellow white soldiers getting drunk and insulting black men. According to Graebner & Waller (1996, p. 197) the latter would physically fight back for equality and honor. Some street fights had fatal consequences, as it happened on two occasions when white soldiers died in a street fight. The black men involved in the two incidents were, however, acquitted on grounds that they were fighting for their honor. In the military, the 369 was able to command respect even from junior white soldiers who were forced to salute their “black seniors”.
By the time the war ended, the 369th had managed to silence all those whites who claimed that black men could not make it as good soldiers. 369th alongside white soldiers had successfully defended the honor of the honor of the United States. A second victory had been achieved by 369th as they helped bring honor to the black community in America. An example is that some of the 369th soldiers opted to remain in Hawaii after the war and married the locals. Statistically, the number of black residents in Hawaii in 1950 was ten times that of 1940. The achievements of 369th would not have been realized without the support of the military, which placed importance on military obligation over perceived racial dominance. The military ultimately led to racial assimilation in America during and after World War II.
Works cited
Graebner, William & Waller, Altina. True stories from the American past: since 1865. New York: McGraw-Hill. 1996. Print. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Harlem Hellfighters Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Harlem Hellfighters Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1598660-harlem-hellfighters
(Harlem Hellfighters Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
Harlem Hellfighters Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words. https://studentshare.org/history/1598660-harlem-hellfighters.
“Harlem Hellfighters Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1598660-harlem-hellfighters.
  • Cited: 1 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Harlem Hellfighters

Harlem Renaissance

...? The role played by Harlem Renaissance in the struggle for Black Americans Liberation. Thesis ment: An analysis of the Harlem Renaissance reveals it had a far reaching effect: that of shaping the destiny of the African-Americans. Harlem Renaissance fostered a black cultural heritage and identity, which enabled the Blacks overcome the white supremacist of the time. Outline I. Introduction This section of the research deals with the introduction of the topic. The clear definition of the term Harlem Renaissance is given. It is under this section that the basic information regarding the subject of study is brought into focus as an overview. Under the introduction, the vital...
15 Pages(3750 words)Research Paper

Harlem Renaissance

...?Harlem Renaissance The Harlem Renaissance also known as the “New Negro Movement” which spanned the 1920s and 19250s. Although it was centered in theHarlem vicinity of New York lots of French-speaking black authors from Caribbean and African colonies that lived in France were likewise influenced by the Harlem Renaissance. This “flowering of Negro literature” as James Weldon Johnson defined shit phenomenon reached its zenith between 1924 (the year when Opportunity journal hosted a party for African-American writers where many of white publishers were present) and 1929 (the year when the Great Depression began). The origins of the Harlem Renaissance are usually traced as...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Harlem Renaissance

...? The Harlem Renaissance When we are talking about the Harlem Renaissance we have to use the words “thriving”, “blossoming”, “influential”. It is a well-known fact that the period from 1918 till 1937 is considered to be the most influential for African Americans’ cultural and social development. The main goal of the participants of the movement was to change the attitude of African Americans towards themselves, to remind that they have their own cultural identity as the years of slavery and humiliating attitude towards blacks made them forget about their culture. The participants also wanted to eliminate the influence of Victorian society principles that propagated racial discrimination. The movement...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Harlem Renaissance

...Essay, English Literature ic and Modern) Topic: Harlem Renaissance Harlem Renaissance is theportrayal of cultural identity of the black community in America, mainly through literature and other artistic forms. A new and distinct color line is demarcated when mention is made about this movement that goes through significant political, social and literary upheavals. Impacted by the technological advancement and education, a new black generation is getting ready to assert itself in every segment of human activity. Among the black intellectuals, writers and poets, several voices are being heard, not always agreeing with each other, but growing like octopus in all the directions. Some concentrate to write...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Bojangles

..."Harlem Hellfighters.", Robinson was determined to be a performer. This foot-work driven undaunted by the then racial discrimination managed to catch the limelight of entertainment amidst the world of white racial dominance in New York City. Among his achievements, he became George W. Cooper's foil, became solo performer and became famous for his debut tap stair dance. To become a show headliner, some of his gimmicks planned together with his manager Marty Forkins include setting a world's record in the backwards 75-yard dash (in 8.2 seconds) beating athletes and won sports world attention. He was offered Broadway shows and was able to enrapture the audience with his performance. Such kind of performance...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Harlem Renaissance

...Harlem Renaissance A) Assignment The Harlem Renaissance took place towards the end of World War in 1918. It flourished in the 1920s and came toan end by the 1930s Depression. 2. The key figures of the Harlem renaissance were W.E.B Dubois, the black historian, sociologist and integrationalist, James Weldon Johnston, the famous black writer, and Marcus Garvey, the black nationalist of Jamaican origin. Other significant names in Harlem Renaissance comprise Josephine Baker, Albert C. Barnes, Jessie, Fauset, Rudolph Fisher, Countee Cullen, Langston Hughes, Nella Larsen, Angelina Grimke, Alain Locke, Claude McKay, Florence Mills, Richard Bruce Nugent, Willis Richardson, Anne...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay

Harlem Renaissance

...Harlem Renaissance The Harlem renaissance which also became known as the “new negro movement” had started in the 1920’s and the 1930’s in New York City. It showed high levels of creativity among the African American population residing in the New York City. It marked out the basis of the African American expression and the African Americans were motivated to celebrate their heritage through literature, arts and other forms of art. The early years of the Harlem renaissance were characterized by the migration of large number of African Americans to the urban centers such as Chicago, Detroit, and Philadelphia, Washington. They were doing this to escape the oppression faced by them right...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Harlem Renaissance

... Harlem Renaissance The Harlem Renaissance, which blossoms in American African culture, mostly in creative arts and it is among the influential movements in American African literary history. Accepting musical, literary, visual arts and theatrical participants hunts to reconceptualize blacks in America apart from white stereotypes who influence black people’s association to each other and their heritage. These Negros require loosening bourgeois shame and moral values about phases of their lives which may reinforce the beliefs of racists as perceived by whites. The movement has never been dominated by one notion but has been characterized by powerful debate. It has also opened for future blacks and has a big impact on succeeding... ...
1 Pages(250 words)Article

Harlem Renaissance

...The Harlem Renaissance The Harlem Renaissance, also known as the New Negro movement, came as literacy, cultural, artistic, and intellectual movement that began at the foot of Harlem, in New York. This was a time after WWI and this wind of change went up to the time of the Great Depression1. The black community in America staged one of the biggest movements that remain in the annals of American history. Historians point out that the cause of this movement was because the black community was protesting for civil rights for the African Americans. Consequently, they received a better life in New York, and this gave them an impetus hence influencing the society with ideas, styles, language,...
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper

Harlem Hellfighters - The 369th In World War Ii Hawaii

...HISTORY HARLEM HELLFIGHTERS: THE 369TH IN WORLD WAR II HAWAII BY BETH BAILEY AND DAVID FARBER The argued that the World War II was marked by racial biasness and that led to the slow pace in the achievement of total victory in the war by the United States. The soldiers at the war were judged and ranked based on their race. These events were witnessed in Hawaii where the United States had a military base that was fighting the Japanese armies. The prowess and ability of the African Americans was greatly put into test as their counterparts viewed them as inadequate. The racial discrimination that was faced by the soldiers did not only end there as it also extended to the mainland. The author alludes to the fact that during the war... they felt...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Harlem Hellfighters for FREE!

Contact Us