India was one of the major British colonies. Britain ruled India for two hundred centuries. This article studies historical background of emergence of India as a British colony. It also explores the aspects…
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New inventions of the 18th century gave rise to a new production process in the Great Britain – called factory production. It was the beginning of Industrial Revolution in Europe. Industrial revolution (“The origins of Industrial Revolution in England”) created a need for new markets for sales of the finished product and search for raw material. British quest for a new market was the primary reason for colonizing India. In 1600, a trading company, by the name East India Company (“South Asian History – Colonial India”) was formed in London with the blessing of Queen Elizabeth I. East India Company’s main activity was trading with India. East India Company made twelve voyages (“South Asian History – Colonial India”) to India in the year of 1601 – 1613. By that time, other traders from Europe, Dutch, French, Portuguese, were also present in India. Until 1614, the Company was struggling to get the right to trade in India along with other European countries. In 1614 (“Indian History”) British envoy secured approval for trading from the Moghul Emperor Jahangir. Unlike traders from other countries, East India Company was able to penetrate (“Indian History”) deep inside the India. East India Company set up factories (“Indian History”) in different cities of India including in Bengal. English settlement rose in Bengal. Later East India Company made Calcutta in Bengal its trading center. During the year 1740 and later, hostility between England and France was on pick. British government heavily backed arming of East India Company. The Company fought several battles with France in those years to establish dominance over Hydrabad and Carnatic regions of India. By mid 18th century, the Company had his own army consisting of British and local people. East India Company fought the first battle in 1757 against the Ruler of Bengal (“Indian History”) and won the battle. This was the beginning of fall of India under
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Girls attended schools to learn different subjects and get a chance to appear in public, promote good behaviours such as good eating habits. India is characterised by the high population, in fact it is the second highest populated country after China. Additionally, India has the highest number of poor people most of them in the rural areas.
It is true that we live in a layered world, our earth's surface remain terra incognita to-day, for ease of movement and other technological developments have made possible an almost comprehensive knowledge of the terrain, much of which is now accurately mapped.
As described by Edward Said, Orientalism is the ethnocentric way Europe approached the Asian territories thinking that the people of the orient and Arabic states were gullible and devoid of energy and initiative (Said, 1978). From the British point of view, Orientalism connotes foreignness or otherness, things that are not British (The Norton Anthology of English Literature, 2003).
The Company had 125 shareholders, and a capital of 72,0001.
The Company was led by one Governor and 24 directors who made up the Court of Directors. They were appointed by, and reported to, the Court of Proprietors. The Court of Directors had ten committees reporting to it.
Many in Britain had conflicting viewpoints about the worth of colonies and how they should be used. In India, William Pitt's India Act established dual control of British India. Britain took more territory in South Africa. Canada was on a path to effective, stable government.
In 1914, the British army invaded Mesopotamia, and established military order during the First World War. The subjugation of present day Iraq was not the initial intent of the British, rather their primary objective was the security of the British military position in the Persian Gulf.
In developing countries, multinational companies have the capacity to provide employment thus increasing the income of the residents (Ghemawat 92-99). At the same time, resident governments levy taxes on
The first Europeans to settle in Africa were Portuguese in 1446. Other Europeans came in Africa first as missionaries, then as colonizers. The British and German idea was for imperialism while the French had no problems with assimilation.
The situation has created an enormous gap between the rich and the poor, a factor that is not healthy for a country. Hence, the concept of population control is inevitable as far as India’s future economic betterment
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