The 16th and 17th centuries were largely marked as an era of scientific revolution, during which new ideas and knowledge in various fields were introduced, including the fields of physics, astronomy, biology, medicine and chemistry. …
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Starting by Galileo, he is one of the famous astronomers who attributed greatly to the concept of the effect of gravity in space. He found that the acceleration due to gravity does not depend on the mass of the object being pulled. To make it clearer, we can say that a very small satellite feels the same acceleration from the Sun as another huge satellite if both are at the same distance from the Sun. So, the gravitational acceleration is proportional only to the mass of the gravitating object and the distance from it, not to the mass of the aggravated object. This rule is the reason behind the feeling of `weightless', felt by astronauts orbiting the Earth. To put it clearer, astronauts, in the orbit, are continually 'falling' toward the Earth because of gravity. Also, other smaller and bigger objects inside the shuttle that orbits the earth are accelerating toward the Earth at the same rate. This results in the fact that all these objects in the shuttle remain at the same position relative to each other, and they seem as if they are 'floating' around inside the shuttle (Strobel).
In this context, it has to be mentioned that Galileo’s new astronomical theories had their great impact on the church. In particular, the scientific discoveries made by Galileo have paved the way for the science-religion conflict that shaped this era.
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Changes that in turn created the social principles that permitted the Enlightenment to brush through Europe in the late aforementioned centuries. One of the most significant of these transformations was the Scientific Revolution. It is not easy to pinpoint the exact period when this revolution started.
The arrival of the Europeans, who followed a different lifestyle and kept animals, caused epidemics among the native Americans because they were not immune to the diseases that the Europeans were to, as a result of natural selection, that had already wiped out many of them in previous ages.
Assumptions are generalized statements that are accepted by people and are understood as conforming to the needs and wishes of society members. Theoretical assumptions would include assuming facts that have been stated by philosophers and sociologists in books whereas methodological assumptions would include experiments that have been carried out and understood by people on a first hand basis with respect to the way people conform to each other and form groups within a society.
Sir Francis Bacon was a 16th and 17th century English philosopher who was a proponent of empiricism and the scientific method. He focused on the standardization of science, trying to establish suitable methods of scientific inquiry to ensure that empirical values could be gained from experimentation. Bacon wanted to investigate the natural world in a logical and standard method.
In the textbooks of various disciplines of science, the history of science was described mainly as a linear development with gradual accumulation of knowledge about the universe. The current state of affairs in science is presented as a culmination of this development.
Rudi Volti, writer, also vastly covered the relationships among technologies, rationality, and progress. In his 1988 book “Society and Technological Change”, Volti asserts that through the rational incorporation
This can be used to formulate a hypothesis, which will later be proved or disproved. This hypothesis must then be rigorously tested and investigated. Further analysis of the results will then show whether the hypothesis is true or
wever, Later on in the late fourteenth century and early fifteenth centuries, the traditional attitude towards women took a new turn with the emergence of humanist education that led to Europe’s privileged and learned men to encourage women to read and study classical and
It was actually commonly believed that the Earth was a round, immobile object located at the center of the other planets, the sun, and the moon. This view of the world had been set off by a Greek philosopher – Aristotle – during the fourth century. Cohen, (1985) states
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