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Newspaper :How did the American newspapers report on events taking place in Europe during the Holocaust - Research Paper Example

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Newspapers such as the New York Times alone published about one thousand and two hundred articles concerning the Holocaust. In…
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Newspaper research:How did the American newspapers report on events taking place in Europe during the Holocaust
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Newspaper research: How did the American newspapers report on events taking place in Europe during the Holocaust? During the World War II, accurate and detailed coverage of the events that took place in Europe was broadcast and published by the American media. Newspapers such as the New York Times alone published about one thousand and two hundred articles concerning the Holocaust. In 1933, Adolf Hitlers rise to power led to the start of systematic persecution of German Jewry. Majority of German Jews had to flee the Third Reich due to political, social and economic abuse though it was not easy for them to be accepted in most countries. As a result, a total of six million Jews were killed in the period of the World War 11 under Adolfs Leadership (Berman).
According to Wyman (1968), various events were described in the New York Times and other newspapers. Among the detailed events mentioned include death of thousands in labor camps and ghettos due to starvation and disease, mass gassings in Maidanek, Auschwitz and Treblinka; mass executions in Nazi-occupied Russia as well as the propagation of anti-Semitic rules in German allied nations. According to the indications in the articles, these were part of the planned campaign to murder the Jews in Europe and not the isolated happenings.
However, after the end of the World War II, Americans alleged that they did not know of the Holocaust as it took place. There are reasons for the big question as to why and how it was possible for the public to be ignorant with such detailed information provided in the mass media. The American Media, especially the New York Times, handled the Holocaust as significant story in the news. For instance, since the beginning to the end of the War in Europe for almost six years, the Holocaust story only made twenty six times out of twenty-four thousand front page stories. Apart from that, the victims in the stories were termed in the articles as persecuted minorities or refugees. The story did not even take the lead in the newspapers as seen in the right hand column reserved for the most important news of the day (Wyman, The Abandonment of the Jews: America and the Holocaust,1941-1945).
A number of reasons kept American journalists from realizing the importance of the killings of six million people. Full news coverage was contributed by the Roosevelt Administrations determination to overlook the news. There were also fake atrocity reports in the previous world war. Despite this, the media had sufficient information to handle the Jews extermination news significantly. The New York Times indicated an important part as to why it did not. None of the American news organization was in a better position to describe the Holocaust than the New York Times. It was in a position to acquire and publish more news on what was happening to the Jews than other newspapers since it had substantial Jewish readers. It had longtime commitment to international matters and rather than articles in the face of a newsprint crunch, it was willing to sacrifice advertisement. Since the New York Times was afraid to be accused of dual loyalties, it hesitated to publish the news and probably dismiss its importance though it was less likely to miss out on the events that happened to Jews as compared to other news organizations.
In conclusion, it is obvious that the American Public did not have access to the full coverage of the Holocaust happenings until extermination and concentration camps were liberated by the Allied Armies (Berman).
Works Cited
Berman, Aaron. Nazism, the Jews and American Zionism, 1933-1948. Wayne State University Press: US, 1990. Print
Wyman, David. The Abandonment of the Jews: America and the Holocaust,1941-1945. New Press: NY, 1984. Print
—. Paper Walls:America and the Refugee Crisis,1938-1941. New Press: NY, 1968. Read More
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