It is evident after reading the novel “Candide” by Voltaire, written in 1759, that Voltaire denounces the established ideas and practices of the society, and dares to challenge the norms, to the extent of bordering on blasphemy. The writer…
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Voltaire maintains that the world is not perfect, and that there might be no reason or justification for the atrocities that one faces in life, such as his characters facing or witnessing tortures of flogging, rape, earthquake, and others (Voltaire).
Linked to this is the concept of a God, who, in His infinite Wisdom, can justify such hardships. By denouncing optimism, Voltaire denounces the existence of God (Voltaire). He also writes against theoretical philosophy and mere rhetoric in favor of practical work and constructive thinking, for while Candide is trapped beneath the rubble of the earthquake, instead of helping him, Pangloss lectures him on the philosophical causes of the tragedy (Voltaire). This is in contrast to the happiness and contentment that Candide feels at the end when he is in his garden, and he tells his companion, “let us cultivate our garden” (Voltaire) . This demonstrates the triumph of labor over
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In the Voltaire’s novel Candide, women injustice is portrayed in the form of mistreatment that is vivid throughout the novel and show the cruel realities of life that different characters faced. Women were viewed as shallow and insignificant to men, and possessed no power within the society and were expected to present themselves in a respectable manner.
Although the list was to identify concepts and thoughts that criticized the Church and its doctrines, it also had an effect on the freedom of expression and the arts in Europe, since it sought to limit all arts, expressions and thought to pro-Catholic ideas and thoughts.
An Essay on man by Pope is a poem that elaborates on the human nature and the potential of human happiness in relation to the universe, political and social hierarchies and the person individual. The essay is divided into four parts and represents the 18th century intellectual ideas concerning the role of humanity in the universe.
One will find many similarities between Candide and Rasselas the most paramount of which is the fact that both of them are trying to find lasting happiness in their lives. Both of these characters are from very privileged backgrounds despite the fact that Candide is an illegitimate child.
Voltaire ridicules the belief that we live in the best of all possible worlds and also the notion that there is no effect without the cause. . The following paper presents the views of Voltaire about the attitudes of people through his characters and ideas in relation to the religion and beliefs and behavior of certain characters.