In order to avoid the abuse of power by the three arms of the government, the judiciary, the legislature and the executive, separation of powers, as a political doctrine is provided for by the USA constitution. This provision is in form of checks and balances, providing for each…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
Download file to see previous pages
ticle handling the roles of the house and the senate, the second article providing for the powers and responsibilities of the president, the vice president and the departments, while the third article caters for the duties and authorities of the federal and the supreme courts. The system of checking the powers is enhanced through having one arm of the government limit the powers of the other.
The system of checks and balances can be demonstrated by the nature of relationships between these arms of the government. The executive is authorized to constitute the judiciary through having the president appoint judges. The legislature on the other hand is mandated to approve or disapprove the appointments made by the president. This way, there is a participation of each arm of the government in such decision making, ensuring that no arm exercises excessive powers over the others (Kilman and Costello, 56). The other nature of a relationship is that while the legislature, through the congress passes a law, the executive, through the president can veto such a law (Kilman and Costello, 58). Further, the judiciary can rule on the unconstitutionality of a law passed by the legislature, but the legislature can avert this through initiating the amendment of the constitution to suit such laws, if deemed necessary for the state. Thus, the separation of powers ensures that each arm is accountable to the others and by extension the whole republic (Kilman and Costello, 79).
The process of passing a bill into a law includes the introduction of such a bill by the congress. The bill can either emanate from the senate or the house of representative, with the person introducing it becoming the sponsor (Kilman and Costello, 107). The introduced bill is then passed on to a selected committee of the senate or the house, depending on the nature and the rules of the process, for consideration. From here it can be passed on to subcommittees for further review. The next stage after the
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
(“American Government Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1592508-american-government
(American Government Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
“American Government Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1592508-american-government.
With the separated powers of several ruling individuals, the very idea of American democracy is concretized. The American Constitution states that, “Generally, the legislative branch makes America's laws, the executive branch enforces the laws, and the judicial branch decides cases under the laws.” (The American Constitution cited in Cengage).
After September 11, 2001, the U.S. government learned that Osama Bin Laden was tied to the horrifying terrorist attacks on America. This resulted in the subsequent War on Afghanistan. The aim was to bring Bin Laden out of hiding, democratize the region, and make America safe against the threat of terror.
An example is the United States of America where the primary election is first conducted in the Electoral College to choose the president. This system has received a lot of criticism from many squatters in the world, who are calling for its abolition and replacement with system that involves a direct and popular election process where presidents are chosen on a nationwide voting process.
The author explains that executive powers enable the president to make treaties with, in advice, and with consent of two-thirds of the senate, treaties with other countries. The legislative powers allow the president to approve or disapprove bills, introduced by the senate. After been signed, the bills become effective.
Therefore in 1787, many prominent people including George Washington and Ben Franklin met in Philadelphia to form the constitution and it was presented for consent to all the 13 states in the nation. The states gradually agreed to the document
Then the focus is shifted towards the factors affecting the US economy. The next segment deals with the steps taken by the US administration. Special focus has been provided on the role of President, Congress, Secretary of the State, and Treasury Secretary
However, in the late periods of the 1800’s and the initial periods of the 1900’s, the American government went overboard and violated the guarantee to give the press and the journalists freedom to express opinions and