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tion involved the entire divisions of Eighth Army as well as the airborne troops of the 187th Regiment Combat Team and the 2nd and 4th Ranger companies.
A number of the historical accounts on Operation Ripper identified it as offensive with an exclusive objective of capturing Seoul. However, there are accounts that Operation Ripper has a deeper goal than merely driving away the enemy from a specific location. Dorr and Thompson (2003) explained that throughout the Korean War, the American soldier did not have the killer mentality that would ensure efficacy in the battlefield: "A study showed that 27 percent balked, deliberately passing up a chance to aim and shoot their MI Garand rifles when an enemy soldier presented a target."2 So, the newly installed General Matthew Ridgway, planned Operation Ripper to remedy this problem and inflict as much casualty as possible. The operation was originally called Operation Killer, describing its ultimate objective. Soldiers were conditioned to kill. They were reminded that the job entailed killing and the destruction of enemy equipment. This is demonstrated in the standard pep talk delivered by sergeants to the UN troops: "Your job is to point that goddamned thing into the other guys face and shoot him deader than a doornail."3 The tactics involved included the coordinated offensives and strictly preserved lateral security that avoided immediate interdiction.4 After the operation, it was reported that the United Nation troops were able to kill 7,000 Chinese soldiers.5
While Operation Ripper did not decimate the enemy completely, it successfully drove them out of Seoul and further up north. In this respect, it was able to attain some degree of success for the United Nations efforts during the Korean War. The success of the operation was able to change the lackluster performance of the troops. There are those who argued that the outcome turned the tides of the war. In the political front, Operation Ripper convinced policymakers
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According to Cumings, “[t]he thirty-eighth parallel not only cut through the center of Kaesong, the old home of the Koryo aristocracy and its capital, but ran along the southern slope of Mount Song’ak –perhaps right through the ancestral home of the Wangs, or through the royal residence that Wang Kon built on the same spot and called Manwoldae, or Full Moon Palace” (237).
It is the forgotten war because not much attention is given to it even though it is a major event in world history. This is because it took place between two of the most major events, World War II and the Vietnam War. (Micheal, 2001)
The causes of the war were many.
Korea had been occupied by Japanese troops in 1905, then annexed by Japan in 1910. During World War II, it was considered enemy territory. At the Cairo Summit in November 1943, President Franklin Roosevelt endorsed a policy of a free and independent Korea in due course.
The Soviet army and government refused to retreat from the conquered territories of Europe and took control of it, not planning to relinquish it. And this was the situation, as the two superpowers were locked in a tight battle over control and influence around
In Korean War, there were many technological developed weaponry was employed. There were tanks and anti-tank artillery, there were fully-fledged aircraft that kept the power of attacking and there were naval ships, cruisers,
On 25th June 1950, North Korea crossed the 38th parallel into South Korea and took the major port of Pusan. As the North Koreans advanced rapidly into South Korea, the United States urged the UN Security Council to use the United Nations Charter to classify North
The acceleration of development in Korea took effect in 1905 when Japan secured Korea as a colony from Russia. Japanese peasants and proprietors came into Korea and invested heavily in rice farming through improvement in technology such as
This invasion marks the first military action of the Cold War.
Bachrach describes the formation of the two Koreas. He states that since the beginning of the 20th Century, Korea had been part of the Japanese Empire but it
The war was triggered by the matching of the 75,000 military troops from North Korea across the 38th parallel boundary that separated North Korea from South Korea (History n.p.). However, this invasion quickly
American troops soon entered the war in support of South Korea in the fight against international communism. Entry of USA into the war influenced the decisions of many countries including China.
Entry of United States of America into the Korea war provoked
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