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White (2011) asserts that, following the 2001, September 11th attacks, the United States government strived to intensify security and protect the international borders. As a result, the government formed the department of homeland security, which became operational on 24th January 2003. This department came into being when the Homeland Security act of 2002 was passed into law by the Senate. Since its formation, this department has become the third largest department in the cabinet. It ranks third after Department of that of Veteran affairs. The Senate enacted the homeland Security act of 2002. The Department of Homeland Security can be regarded as one of the executive departments, under title 5 of the United States code.
President George W. Bush directed the advisor of homeland security to study the federal government. The main aim for doing this was to establish whether the existent structure could meet the threats of terrorist attacks. Following a keen study of the security structure, the president concluded that America needed a unified structure of Homeland Security. This gave rise to the formation of Homeland Security, with the mandate of improving security (Borgeson and Valeri, 2009). Arguments raised included America’s vast technological advancement that provided the country with an added advantage to have the department. This prompted the government to come up with the department. Therefore, the formation of the Department resulted from the numerous security threats to the United States.
According to Maniscalco and Christen (2010), the department’s mission entails prevention of terrorist attacks within the United States. Homeland security also aims at countering any probable terrorist attacks by decreasing vulnerability to terrorism. Additionally, the department has the mandate to lessen damage, which might be caused by terrorist attacks. Homeland security does this by assisting and engaging in efforts of recovery resulting
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As a result of research it was suggested that the urgency, with which the department of homeland security was created after the September 11 attacks, raised the question whether America would successfully fight against the international terrorists, more specifically al-Qaeda and its Taliban allies who threatened the nation.
constitution (Kura, 2001). Congress is mainly charged with the responsibility of enacting laws and reviewing budget estimates proposed by the president. So far, Congress has proved to be as a very effective arm of the government. It has executed its work with a lot of impartiality most of the times by keeping checks and balances on the executive arm of government.
The responsibility of the DHS does not conflict with that of the Department of Defense which is concerned with military actions abroad. When it was formed on October 8 2001, it was known as the Office of Homeland Security with a mission to coordinate and implement a comprehensive national security strategy aimed at securing the United States from terrorist attacks.
According to Alperen (2011), the Department of Homeland Security is a cabinet department within the United States federal government and its is mainly mandated with the task of protecting the territories of the United States and strategically responding to potential natural disasters, terrorist attacks, and man-made attacks to ensure that they do not occur or possibly reduce the severity.
The Department of Homeland Security was established in November after Congress passed the homeland Security Act in 2002. This facilitated the combination of over 20 federal departments in the United States of America making it a more integrated and effective department.
Apart from this, the natural calamities, accidents etc. provide a greater amount of threat that could cause a lot of damage to life and property. A single terrorist act can shake the base of any well-established country. An untimely famine or a drought, an epidemic, a natural disaster, accident etc. all takes the face of mighty risks.
The author states that the U.S Department of Homeland Security has a wide jurisdiction that includes immigration enforcement, cyber security, countering terrorism, emergency response to all disasters, and custom issues. The U.S federal government formed the U.S Department of Homeland Security to respond to the September 11 terrorist attacks.
The author states that the core activities through which the organization achieves its aims is by preventing acts of terrorism and increasing the security of the nation, keeping the borders in check, enforcing various laws regarding the issue of immigration, safeguarding the space that is cyber in nature.