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There are other scholars with similar contribution (e.g., Fearon 1998; Lake and Rothchild 1996). A contention by (Saun and Tirone 2011) is that democratic transitioning develops an environment that easily encourages the rise of conflicts through the induction of exclusionary polarization and nationalism in the society.
Significant exceptions towards the democratization-conflict tendency emerge in such countries as Tanzania, Malawi, Burkina Faso, and Kenya, all having experienced a democratic move within 20 years period without encountering much civil conflict. The authors argue that the key factor that “shelters” such democratizing states from violence comes from the democratization aid (Saun and Tirone 2011).
The proposition by Snyder (2000) regarding instability indicates that in the initial phases of democratization are favored by two conditions via which civil conflict may emerge: there is the exploitation of rising nationalism by political elites, in the name of achieving their selfish ends and, therefore, creating society divisions, and that there is a general weakness on the side of central government in preventing the polarizing tactics of elites.
(Saun and Tirone 2011) proposes that the assistance programs of democracy can potentially provide a restrictive force regarding the danger of politically initiated domestic violence; notably, even when a state lacks strong institutions, which would help, manage democratization, democracy aid can potentially provide an external source of stability, strength, and state credibility to ease the transition.
The role played by the U.S. Agency for International Development’s (USAID) when Indonesia underwent the transition. Ideally, Indonesia attained democracy in 1999 from the Suharto’s regime (Saun and Tirone 2011).
Some of the specific ideas developed as measurable and testable variables can be identified from the literature
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The essay will point out the advantages and disadvantages of each training method. The training system adopted by my employer will also be presented. Training Methods There are several training methods used by companies today to help improve an employee’s performance and productivity.
In other words it means determining whether the exact target of the research has been obtained. The test of validity is done by several questions being asked by the researcher to which he tries to find answers to determine whether the study is valid. Joppe defined reliability as the consistency of the outcomes of a research and whether the sample population of the research has been correctly presented, and the consistency of the results being reflected from other similar research following similar methods (Golafshani 2003).
There are numerous teaching and instructional methods in the field of education. The very first step in this regard is to comprehend the audience, their learning needs, and requirement of learning materials or exercises. It is ideal to conduct a need analysis before planning a instructional lesson.
Therefore, it is a nominal measure. Variables for the purpose are Students course and mode of transport is a measure of laziness. An intervening variable of work pressure is also possible in this case. While the student's course is an independent variable the mode of transport used is a dependent variable.
Grounded theory, a form of content analysis, involves the process of continually reviewing the data gathered, improving the research questions, and re-assessing the changes that were applied, in order to derive a substantive theory
Theory testing and theory building are two different ways through which researchers undertake their research studies. In real life, the two approaches are common among graduate students. Masters degree students mainly focus on research
The test statistic would be as stated below,
However the table provides that the minimum expected is less than 8.19 while all the cells in the table is less than 76.0. Hence considering the sample as in the table it is difficult
s the arrangement of techniques or exercises utilized to secure the erection or development of a predefined fabricated structure (structures, electrical plants and frameworks and so on.) for the association. Construction procurement systems have been portrayed as both arranging