This research will begin with the statement that the deadly disease has been with man and part of world and medieval history for a very long time. It has claimed nearly 200 MILLION lives. The first recorded epidemic of the Black Death / Bubonic Plague was in Europe during the 6th Century…
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The present research has identified that the Black Death / Bubonic Plague spread throughout the Western world and reached pandemic proportions due to changes in lifestyle - people were moving from the country villages to highly populated towns. The formation of major cities and increased travel by various world civilisations, the disease rapidly spread throughout Asia. The Black Death (Bubonic Plague) followed the Trade Routes. The Trade routes provided access to all corners of the known world. The increased use of the trade routes ensured that the disease spread throughout the World. We should also remember that it was not just Europe and Africa that were devastated by the deadly disease. Countries such as China suffered horrendously from the 1328 outbreak with their population dropping from 125 million to 90 million during just the middle half of 14th century. The disease initially followed Caravan routes and then, with aid of European Shipping and the accompanying rats, by 1346 arrived in the Crimea. The spread of the disease had started throughout the known world. Within 12 months the spread of the Black Death (Bubonic Plague) had devastated Constantinople. The illness moved to Alexandria in the Autumn of 1347 and within 6 months of the initial outbreak 1000 people were dying every day in that city alone. Two months later the toll in Cairo was exceeding 7500 people who were dying every day. Obviously, with such high mortality rates it was not uncommon for a whole town, or city, to become depopulated. Such rates explain how the population of the World fell to such low levels. The relatively few survivors, quite naturally attempted to flee whenever the deadly virus spread to their area. But the survivors took the Black Death / Bubonic Plague with them and thus the disease spread even further by both land and sea. Even small islands , like Sicily, were also contaminated by the spread of the disease. By the end of 1346 the spread of the illness had reached mainland Europe. The Eastern part of Europe was not hit until the following year and Russia did not succumb to the deadly spread until 1351. For the next 60 years the virus devastated all of Europe. The spread of the illness followed every one of the many new Trade Routes which had been opened due to outbreaks of the disease polluting the existing routes. These Trade Routes ensured the spread of the Black Death / Bubonic Plague throughout the world. There was no hiding place.
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(History of the Black Death / Bubonic Plague Assignment - 3)
“History of the Black Death / Bubonic Plague Assignment - 3”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1577247-history.
In humans, plague is a dangerous disease with high mortality rates. Infact, in those who are untreated, the case-fatality rate is 30-60 percent (WHO, 2011). There are basically 3 forms of plague, namely, bubonic plague, septicemic plague and pneumonic plague.
The trauma from the Black Plague is one which led to several in society and culture to re-examine different elements after the plague struck throughout Europe. There were several beliefs that the way in which society was constructed had led to the plague as well as changed the outcome from the plague.
One of the many issues that were prevalent in the English society includes the outbreak of Bubonic plague during 1665 in London. The deadly plague was named as the Black Death for the horrifying effects and ultimate demise of the victim’s life. The skin of the infected person begins turning black in patches or one may call them ‘buboes’ accompanied with uncontrollable vomits, inflammation in tongue and severe headaches.
Nonetheless, starvation did not contribute many deaths since citizens engaged in other means of earning their livelihood. Sommerville noted that England suffered from the effects of the Great Starvation that affected the country between 1315 and 1317 although there is no enumeration of people who died due to starvation.
It was believed to have begun in Mongolia or Central Asia and reached Crimea in 1346. The plague was from there spread by fleas on black rats that were invading merchant ships going to Europe and the Mediterranean. It is important to note that there were three types of the Black Plague: pneumonic plague, septicemic plague, and bubonic plague.
eared during the fourteenth century Europe, along with many variations, like the pneumonic and septicemic plague, which affected the lungs and blood respectively. Bubonic plague is a disease seen chiefly amongst rodents, and is caused owing to the transmission of a bacterium
(Dufel and Cronin). This particular variety of the plague appeared at quite a few junctures in human history in the form of a cataclysmic epidemic. Black Death (1347), which was the most devastating instance of the
order, interpretive highlighted the establishment of social relationships on the basis of how an individual interacts with other people and conflict actually referred to the distribution of chances and freedom on the basis of one’s social class and status.
This paper analyzes in details how the Black Plague radically changed the medieval Europe by killing millions of people.
Let us begin by looking at the economic changes in medieval Europe that were brought about by the Black Plague. In 14th century Europe,
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