The Akashi Kaikyo bridge across the Akashi Strait, perhaps the longest suspension bridge in the world, is one of them. It forms a part of the 81-kilometre-long Kobe-Naruto highway and links Maiko, in Kobe, and Matsuho, on Awaji Island. …
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The Akashi Kaikyo Bridge is known in Japan as the Pearl Bridge. Before the bridge became operational, the people had to mainly depend on ferry services to travel between the islands. The ferry travel was uncertain and rather dangerous as the area often experienced powerful winds, storms and typhoons, and horrible ferry mishaps did occur. Heeding to the public outrage that followed the sinking of two ferries in 1955, causing the death of 168 people - a majority of them children, the Japanese government undertook the construction of this bridge in 1988. Another reason for building the Akashi Kaikyo bridge, which was approved in the 1969 comprehensive Japan national development plan, was to promote local trade and assist the industrial development of the region. Together with another major suspension bridge namely, the Ohnaruto suspension bridge, completed in 1995 and connecting Shikoku Island with the southern end of Awaji Island, the economy of Awaji Island which is the sixth largest island in Japan, was expected to improve considerably.
Although the construction of the bridge was prioritised following the ferry disaster in 1955 and feasibility studies began soon thereafter, the actual construction could only begin in 1988 as the process was a difficult one. The Akashi Strait is four kilometres wide and where bridge was proposed to be built, the sea was 110 metres deep, with tidal currents of 4.5 metres per second. The problems of bridge design related firstly to the severe weather conditions existing in the Akashi Strait, such as strong winds (wind speeds of 80 metres per second), and even typhoons.
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Bridge management systems are increasingly becoming popular as they provide an effective approach to maintain a country’s bridges. Saudi Arabia is currently experiencing massive infrastructural developments headlined by the field of transport.
Bridges are historically known to shape and influence the social and cultural environment and contribute in the advancement of human civilizations, by enabling communication and interaction between the two masses of land separated by water bodies. They are the physical manifestation of a giant leap of imagination translated into engineering marvels.
Apart from being a painter, he was also a sculptor, architect, musician, scientist, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, geologist, cartographer and botanist. Even now he is well known all over the world for his contributions to the society. Among his paintings the Mona Lisa painting is the best one.
and Hawaii. In 1909, the construction of the U.S. naval base began at Pearl Harbor. As Japan started to dominate part of the world’s industrial and military strength, the combined forces of the U.S. Navy and Army developed the harbor for military aviation, navy ships dock and house for the navy’s largest weaponry, cavalry and infantry units.
Issues Surrounding the Japanese Attack on Pearl Harbor. The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor is a very important event in the history of wars in America in general and wars between America and Japan in particular. The Pearl Harbor attack is one of the few examples of wars in America in which the initiative to open the war has been taken by the enemy.
First, this report focuses on the mistakes made before the incidence of the collapsed bridge; why the risk posed by the bridge was not discovered earlier and what were the mistakes made during its construction and maintenance. Secondly, this report also focuses on the rescue operations immediately after the incidence of the collapsed bridge, the organizations involved and the success of the operation.
Bridges deprived of perpendicular suspenders have a stretched history in many extreme and mountainous parts of the world. Tacoma Narrows Tacoma Narrows Bridge was the first Tacoma Narrows Bridge, built in 1940, a suspension bridge in the U.S. state of Washington that covered the Tacoma Narrows strait of Puget Sound amid Tacoma and the Kitsap Peninsula.
Roebling. All these engineers were born in Germany, which was the most famous engineering and technology hub of the century. America was swift to identify their unique abilities in the bridge engineering field. The paper will reveal how