The Fall of the Roman Republic - Essay Example

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The Roman aristocracy of the second century had distinct ideologies and ethos which can be called noble and honorable from today’s perspectives. The aristocracy put the premium on such ideals as courage and bravery and even carried such ideals to the extreme. …
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The Fall of the Roman Republic
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Download file to see previous pages According to Polybius, a Greek aristocrat born in Achaea but banished to Rome, and source of the historical account in that city in the second century especially where the elites are concerned, the nobility of Rome put the greatest premium on courage. Although courage was as important is all other states as well, this was the most true in the Roman aristocracy value system. The emphasis on courage was illustrated most especially during the funeral rites of the deceased in which their acts of bravery would be eulogized. According to Polybius, a kin of the deceased would wear his mask, and some other men would wear masks of all the dead ancestors of the deceased. The relative wearing the mask of the deceased, dressed in robes preceded each by the symbol of the particular ancestor, would then deliver a speech glorifying his achievements, after which eulogies for each of the deceased ancestors would follow. These after-death honors given to deceased and his ancestors served to inspire the young men in doing their best in their endeavors so as to earn the same honor in their deaths. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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