Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Historical Milestones in Production and Operations Management - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
This essay explores the major historical milestones of the operations management that falls under the industrial revolution, the post-civil war period, scientific management findings, human relations approach, operations research, service revolution and the computer revolution…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER99% of users find it useful
Historical Milestones in Production and Operations Management
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Historical Milestones in Production and Operations Management"

Download file to see previous pages While the process involved may vary from organization to organization depending on the nature of output be it tangible product or intangible service, the essential elements of production and operation management is concerned with the management of input-throughput-output process effectively and efficiently Operation Management can, therefore, be defined as “the management of the conversion process, which converts land, labor, capital and management inputs in to desired outputs of goods and services”. The progression of terms used for this management function over the centuries as manufacturing management, production management, and operations management, is a good indication of the evolution process it has undergone and the historical milestones it has achieved which will be the focus of evaluation in this essay. The origins of operations management can be traced to the Industrial Revolution era which began in the 1700s in England. The main features of the changes which took place during this era were the Centralized production, Powered machinery, and concept of Factory production. One of the landmark achievements of this era was the steam engine being invented by James Watt in 1764, which provided a new source of energy to power the factory concept. Another key milestone which revolutionized the discipline was the 1776 publication of Adam Smith’s seminal work known commonly as “The Wealth of Nations” which proposed the economic benefits associated with specialization of labor. His recommendation was that work should be broken down to subtasks, and assigned to workers where they became specialized in performing this tasks with efficiency through repetitive performance. As the industrial revolution gained momentum and spread to other parts of the world, Eli Whitney from America developed the concept of “Interchangeable parts” in 1970, laying the foundation for volume productions and standardized parts and the inception of large-scale factories in industries such as textile. By the mid-1800s, the traditional manufacturing systems associated with cottage and artisan productions was completely replaced by factory systems which also brought in new challenges such as managing the workforce and management of quality issues.       ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Historical Milestones in Production and Operations Management Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Historical Milestones in Production and Operations Management Essay)
“Historical Milestones in Production and Operations Management Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 6 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Historical Milestones in Production and Operations Management

Production Planning & Control: The Management of Operations

... research needs to be done to identify the possible causes in this decrease in the adoption of GSCM practices since 2006. References: Zhu, Q., Tian, Y., and Sarkis, J. (2012, Jan 10). Diffusion of selected green supply chain management practices: an assessment of Chinese enterprises. Production Planning & Control: The Management of Operations. 23(10-11): 837-850. Zhu, Q., Cordeiro, J., and Sarkis, J. (2012, Nov. 2). Institutional pressures, dynamic capabilities and environmental management systems: Investigating the ISO 9000 – Environmental management system implementation linkage. Journal of Engineering Management.... that is required for the evaluation. The authors have also discussed the policy and managerial implications of their own...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper

Production and Operations Management

...Marathon Oil Corporation of Production and operations management: Marathon Oil Corporation INTRODUCTION: MarathonOil Corporation is a multi-national oil and gas exploration and production company headquartered in United States. Marathon’s upstream activities can be classified into three categories; exploration and production, oil sands mining and integrated natural gas. The company is located in US, Canada, Angola, Equatorial Guinea, Indonesia, Libya and North Sea. It supplies hydrocarbons and natural gas to world’s developing energy markets. The downstream activities of Marathon are; refining, marketing and transportation. Marathon is the fifth largest...
5 Pages(1250 words)Assignment

Production and Operations Management

...?Running Head: Contemporary Business Contemporary Business Production and Operations Management By _______________ 18 May Marathon is one of the world’s leading energy companies supplying high quality oil products to the marketplace. The company deals in the production of crude oil products through innovative technologies. Crude oil has to go through six phases and various stages before finally reaching the convenience stores to be used by the consumers. It takes almost 35 days for the product to reach retail markets and Marathon stores. Marathon’s crude oil supply comes from many other countries apart from United States....
4 Pages(1000 words)Term Paper

Management of Production and Operations

...?Running head: MANAGEMENT OF PRODUCTION AND OPERATIONS Management of Production and Operations 03 July Abstract Quality assurance in production and operations is one of the most popular topics of professional research. Dozens of books were written to explain the main standards and practices of quality assurance in manufacturing and operations management. This paper presents a brief overview of the history of quality assurance. The definitions of quality and their implications for production and operations are provided. The paper explores the main quality assurance practices and their relevance in contemporary manufacturing facilities. Controversies over using popular quality assurance systems are discussed. Keywords: production... ,...
8 Pages(2000 words)Term Paper

Production and Operations Management enough to carry out operations even if there is a supply disruption of crude oil. Marathon can employee the use of sales trend forecasting strategies through which they can track the historic track of their sales made at various sites across the nation and keep milestone in number of sales in gallons which a pump will have to achieve in order to stay on the same track of profit margins. To increase sales various offers should be introduced to attract more crowds. Marathon should make smart choices and search for cheaper yet effective alternatives for saving money. Lavish offices and office sites should not be the prime concern for the company but instead they should select something...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Production and Operations Management

...?RUNNING HEAD: PRODUCTION AND OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT First, Middle, Last) Admission Number: Instructor/Lecturer: Date of Submission: (Dd, mm, yyyy) Table of Contents Table of Contents 2 General benefits of Operation and Supply strategy in Industry 3 How Operation and Supply strategy in industry affects the customer service 4 Background and Objectives 4 Structural decision areas entail: 5 Some of the important factors in which it helps customers in business 6 References 6 General benefits of Operation and Supply strategy in Industry Operation and supply strategies within a business organization are significantly the way...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Supply chain management Operations management Lean production

...? Operations Management: Tesla’s Case study Background Tesla Motors, Inc. is a revolutionary manufacturer and seller of electric vehicles and electric car powertrain parts. It trades in the NASDAQ stock exchange under the emblem TSLA. It has notably been a tough start as it only made its first profit after ten years of operations during the first quarter of 2013. The Tesla Roadster is the creation that put the company on the map for its sportiness despite being fully electric, and not the Tesla Model S is responsible for arguably cementing its place in the automotive industry. The Model S is the most successful production car that the company has made, and is responsible for the turn of luck towards the profitable end. Thousands... that it...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Production & Operations Management

...Production and Operations Management - Case: Hank Kolb, Director of Quality Assurance - Table of Contents I. Hank Kolb Case ………………………………………………………… 3 a. Causes of Quality Problem on Greasex Line …………………… 3 b. Steps Hank should follow for Continuous Improvement ………. 3 II. Calculate Break-Even of Product Value for Using Express Mail and Parcel Post ……………………………………………………………… 4 III. U.S. Airfilter Company ………………………………………………… 5 a. Average Inventory Turnover for the Company ………………… 5 b. Strategic Plan to Increase Inventory Turnover …………………. 5 b.1 Finish Goods …………………………………………… 5 b.2 Raw Materials …………………………………………… 6 c. The Average Number of...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Management of Production and Operations

...logistical activities, information, Inventory management and cash flow (Johnson and Pyke, 1999). Distribution network configuration involve number, network missions and location of suppliers, distribution centers, production facilities, customers, cross docks and warehouses. Distribution strategy deals with questions about operating control, cross docking, delivery scheme, closed loop shipping and any other modes of transport. Trade offs involving logistical activities involve coordination of the above mentioned activities so as to achieve the lowest possible logistical costs Trade offs may inflate the cost should one of the activities be optimized. Information involves integration of...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Production and operations Management

...Production and Operations Management Marathon Petroleum Corporation: Case Study Production and Operations Management Marathon Petroleum Corporation: Case Study Introduction Marathon Petroleum Corporation (MPC) is the fifth largest US refiner which engages in extensive marketing and transporting operations, and is based in Findlay, Ohio. The company was formed as a subsidiary of the former Marathon Ashland Petroleum, LLC; presently the MPC operates as a subsidiary of Marathon Oil Corporation. This paper will mainly explore the process of converting crude oil to consumer fuels, such as gasoline for...
5 Pages(1250 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Historical Milestones in Production and Operations Management for FREE!

Contact Us