In the paper “The Fall of Reza Pahlavi and the Rise of Ayatollah Khomeini” the author analyzes the period of 1900 Ad to 2000 Ad, which has been very turbulent for Iran. It has seen many revolutions and dynasties and a change of name…
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Iran has been manipulated by the forces of the west but the people there despise the west and have an ideology which supports the radical Islam. Khomeini won the hearts of people by being a man who said what they wanted to hear. He did not like the west and wanted strict Islamic rules to be applied. His people believed in him and he led them through the Islamic revolution and left the torch in their hand later to carry it forward.
The Islamic Republic of Iran was known as Persia before 1935.1 Iran has seen political turbulence in its history. It has seen many empires and dynasties and many rulers have ruled it. Even in the 1900's Iran has seen many revolutions. It has seen the constitutional revolution in 1906, the Pahlavi Dynasty in 1925 and the Iranian Islamic Revolution in 1978. Iran was declared the Islamic Republic on 1st April 1989.2 Today Iran is growing in all aspects and has proved itself as a very strong and determined country.
Reza Shah laid the foundation of modern Iran by overthrowing the Qajar Dynasty. Ahmed Shah the last Qajar King left Iran for Europe and as his absence was for an indefinite period of time the parliament overthrew him and made Ahmed Shah the Shahanshah of Iran. At this time Iran was a very poor country. Reza Shah had western views and he tried his best to develop Iran according to these views. He built roads, organized all systems of his country and built a very good trans-Iranian Railway.3 He made great changes to the country but he was seen as the people as a Westernized man. In World War II, Iran was a neutral state, But Russia wanted to use its mature railways to help it in war. Reza Shah failed to go forward with this plan, the Russian and British army attacked Iran and Reza Shah left the throne in favor of his son Muhammad Reza Shah and spent rest of his life in exile in South Africa. As Muhammad Reza Shah succeeded the throne, he faced many problems with pro-Soviet and pro-British parties. In 1946 after the war over the Soviets overstayed in Iran and this created more confusion. Iran had a lot of oil and it was not giving concessions to the Soviet but was giving it to the British.4 The National Front Party wanted a neutral stance on this issue and wanted to take away concession from the British. In 1953 clash between the Shah and Prime Minister Mossadeq became very evident. The pro-Soviet party was very strong and forced the Shah to leave the country.
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The paper investigates how Shah's White Revolution (comprising of modernization and westernization efforts) and how the widespread reforms, in particular, land reform, generated the foundation for the revolution of 1979. Indeed, the premise of matching his increase in power with reforms did not yield more favor from Iranian but discontentment.
It began with the Constitutional Movement (1905-1907), resulting in the establishment of a parliament and reemerged with the Iranian Revolution (1979), culminating in the overthrow of the Pahlavi monarchy and its replacement with an Islamic republic under Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini.
Western civilization was at its peak for the time between World War I and 1960s’ campus protests. Half a century ago, western civilization was considered a pure model for all civilizations of the world.
In fact, the main advantage of mutual and hedge funds to the investors relates to acquiring instant professional management and diversification of their money. Therefore, the paper will discuss issues related to rise and fall of Long Terms Capital management (LTCM), identify whether there are certain investors to whom hedge funds might be suitable and identify whether there are other resent mutual funds where investors have suffered.
In his economic model, he greatly used employment, interest and money as the dominant pillars of the economic model or theory. His thinking dominated the world economic policy making both in Europe and Japan. This paper investigates the political history and science of the rise and fall of Keynesianism.
Qin Shi Huang unified ancient China by a series of events that either led to capture, surrender and conquer of other states. It begun in 228 BC with the surrender of the King of the Han and was followed by the conquest of Zhao territory in 227 BC where the King of Zhao was captured.
He got educated at home and at the local school the supervision of Mullah Abdul-Qaasim and Shaykh Jaafar. Khomeini commenced his studies in Arak during the year 1921 and took up the residence at the Dar-al-Shafa school in Qom upon the invitation of Ayatullah Shaykh Abdul-Karim Haeri-Yazdi.
The Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was born in the Sadabad Palace complex in northern Tehran on 26 October 1919. His father's name was Reza Pahlavi, the first Shah of the Pahlavi dynasty, of whom he was the eldest son. His mother was the second wife of Reza Pahlavi.
Though the fall of the Tang Dynasty is often tied with the extreme drought, it can be refuted on the point that the failure of the Government to face the drought is to be blamed for the fall of the Empire. An in-depth analysis of the rising period of the Empire during the Tang Dynasty fairly shows that the beginners of the empire were farsighted enough to include the Chinese population to face the problems of the natural calamities, but during the later half of the Empire, the emperors of the Tang Dynasty clearly deviated from their pro-public zeal.
Like most other empire builders in the world, culture and religion including other variables played an important and crucial role in the making of the Chinese Empire. Though other factors such climate, environment, natural disaster,
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