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History of American Government - Essay Example

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This essay describes the influence and work of James Madison, who aimed to address the macro affairs of the United Colonies and amplified the urgency to reverse the economic trends of the 18th century in America through a revision in the Articles of Confederation…
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History of American Government

Download file to see previous pages...  James Madison became a student of colonial history and political theory in his search for a solution to the political and economic dilemmas which beset the colonies at the time. Madison felt the Articles of Confederation were too weak to serve the needs of the United Colonies. He reasoned that the state autonomy clause, precluded the perpetuation of a strong central government, which Madison felt was necessary to adequately regulate commerce.This inadequacy left the central government with little ability and left the Confederation coffers inadequate to wage war. Meantime, inflation began to engulf the country; a pound of tea could cost as much as $100. Of course this inflation resulted in a contraction of business activity; some small farmers were arrested for bad debts and many farmers were forced to sell their farms to pay their taxes.Madison solicited the assistance of the elder statesman, general George Washington.. Washington initially found a number of reasons to lay suspect to the idea proposed by Madison, and was reluctant to accept Madison’s offer for assistance. Washington dealt with the issue of credibility; “ what if the new experiment did not work? What light would be cast upon his reputation? After a considerable amount of soul searching, Washington wrote to Madison. “Wisdom and good examples are necessary at this time to rescue the political machine from the impending storm”. (Madison)George Washington understood that Madison envisioned a strong central government to provide order and stability....
pay their taxes.

Madison solicited the assistance of the elder statesman, general George

Washington.. Washington initially found a number of reasons to lay suspect to the idea

proposed by Madison, and was reluctant to accept Madison's offer for assistance.

Washington dealt with the issue of credibility; " what if the new experiment did not

work What light would be cast upon his reputation After a considerable amount of soul

searching, Washington wrote to Madison. "Wisdom and good examples are necessary at

this time to rescue the political machine from the impending storm". (Madison)

George Washington understood that Madison envisioned a strong central

government to provide order and stability. Madison responded to Washington with; "let it

be tried then whether any middle ground can be taken which will once support a due

supremacy of the national authority, and providing state power only when subordinately

useful" This was a mighty issue, one which would generate much debate. It became so

fervent until the labels of federalist (those who supported a strong central government

and anti-federalist (opposed to watering down of state sovereignty), created substantial

followings. James Madison and John Tyler served together in the Virginia General

Assembly. They devised a plan for a states convention to be held in Annapolis, Maryland

3




in September 1786. At this convention the two men proposed that macro commerce be

controlled and regulated by the Continental Congress. James Madison and Alexander

Hamilton issued a report of the Annapolis meeting. The meeting ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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