Nobody downloaded yet

When and why did the Sinatra Doctrine replace the Brezhnev Doctrine in Soviet policy towards East-Central Europe - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Sinatra Doctrine came into effect with the demise of Brezhnev doctrine. This phase was used for the first time by foreign ministry spokesman Gennadi Gerasimov on 25th October 1989. (Los Angeles Times, 1989) This name of the doctrine came up as a joke…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95% of users find it useful
When and why did the Sinatra Doctrine replace the Brezhnev Doctrine in Soviet policy towards East-Central Europe
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"When and why did the Sinatra Doctrine replace the Brezhnev Doctrine in Soviet policy towards East-Central Europe"

Download file to see previous pages The name of the document many have come up as a joke but its implication on the nations of Eastern Europe was not a joke. This doctrine had widespread effect on these nations and allowed them to control their own internal affairs. This was not possible under the Brezhnev doctrine which was being followed earlier by the Soviet Nation. Before the new doctrine came up; Soviet Nation exerted tight control over the internal affairs of the nations which came into the purview of Warsaw Pact. Brezhnev doctrine was used as a justification by Soviet Nation to justify the invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968 and also that of Afghanistan in 1979.

The main reasons which have been cited for this shift in Soviet policy have been the huge economic problems which were being faced by the Soviet Nation; the rising anti-communist and the anti- Russian feelings which were coming up in these nations and the disastrous effects of the Afghanistan war on the economy of Soviet nation. All these reasons made it almost impractical for Soviet Union to exert its forced will on all the neighbouring countries.

This doctrine had far reaching consequences on the neighbourhood of Soviet Nation. The entire Soviet block was transformed as a result of this policy. The most dramatic and visible effect has been the destruction of the Berlin Wall in Germany. East Germany government was no longer receiving the support of Soviet Union and this policy made it clear that the country will not affair in the internal affairs of these countries. This led to the ouster of communist governments in East Germany, Czechoslovakia and Bulgaria. The communist party in Romania also suffered the same fate. This policy in fact signalled the end of cold war and Europe was no longer divided after this policy was announced.
This paper aims to study the reasons for replacement of Brezhnev doctrine by the new Sinatra doctrine. The reasons for this dramatic shift in the policy of Soviet Union have been discussed and debated in this paper in the coming sections.

Brezhnev Doctrine
The Brezhnev Doctrine as a foreign policy for Soviet Union was first defined and clearly established in 1968. (Kovalev, 1968).It was defined as a necessity by Soviet Union in times when forces which are hostile to socialism try to convert a socialist country into a capitalist one. This was considered by Soviet Union not as a problem of the concerned country but a problem which was common to all the socialist countries and effort should be made by all socialist countries to prevent such forces which are disruptive to socialism from gaining power in any country. (Brezhnev, 1968)
This doctrine was felt necessary to be defined by Soviet Union in order to justify the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia in August 1968 and also to justify various other soviet military interventions like the invasion of Hungary which took place in 1956.Before this policy was defined; these invasions were considered as inappropriate and improper. Soviet Union was ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“When and why did the Sinatra Doctrine replace the Brezhnev Doctrine in Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1509852-when-and-why-did-the-sinatra-doctrine-replace-the-brezhnev-doctrine-in-soviet-policy-towards-east-central-europe
(When and Why Did the Sinatra Doctrine Replace the Brezhnev Doctrine in Essay)
https://studentshare.org/history/1509852-when-and-why-did-the-sinatra-doctrine-replace-the-brezhnev-doctrine-in-soviet-policy-towards-east-central-europe.
“When and Why Did the Sinatra Doctrine Replace the Brezhnev Doctrine in Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1509852-when-and-why-did-the-sinatra-doctrine-replace-the-brezhnev-doctrine-in-soviet-policy-towards-east-central-europe.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Ronald Reagans Policy Towards The Soviet Union
.... 89) the Soviet authority would be forced to introduce whatever economic reforms needed. Referring to Reagan’s attitude towards the Soviet economy, D'Souza, (2003) says, Reagan did not need a Ph.D. in economics to recognize that any economy based upon centralized planners dictating how much factories should produce, how much people should consume and how social rewards should be distributed was doomed to disastrous failure. For Reagan the Soviet Union was a'sick bear,' and the question was not whether it would collapse, but when. (D'Souza, 2003) Reagan made proper use of this weakness of the Soviet...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper
Just War Doctrine
...weight.” Just War goes beyond just a military practice to be encompassed as a theory. In this direction, Orend, Brian (2008) argues that “just war theory is probably the most influential perspective on the ethics of war and peace.” This means that the talk of just war raises a lot of questions on ethics and morality. Many researchers and theorist have therefore propounded a lot of ideas and theories on just war. One of such is the ‘consequentialist’ moral dynamic for intelligence operations introduced by Arrigo. The Arrigo Paper and believers of it thereof raise a lot of issues of when human source intelligence, counterintelligence, or covert operations pass the “moral divide” and violate the Just War...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Truman's Doctrine Containing Soviet Expansion
...continued to occupy the Eastern European states during the wartime and the US or the other Western powers were not in a position to do anything about it at that time. Communist governments were imposed on the Eastern European countries by USSR and Stalin started controlling these states directly and made no secret of it during the various postwar conferences. Germany was also divided into four zones controlled by USSR, USA, Britain and France. USSR considered Germany as a threat to its Communist state because of the past experiences and did not want to create a strong Germany therefore it continued to weaken Eastern Europe by taking equipment and materials (Sulzberger, 1985). The Soviet...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Employment-At-Will Doctrine
...terminate additional work benefits, reduce employee’s vocational time or even, revise the salary agreements (National Conference of State Legislatures, 2013). Scenario 1: John’s actions damage the company’s image and thus, they are not admissible to ignorance. John did not consider the effects of his actions and thus, it is legally right for the company fire him. According to the employment-at-will doctrine, the employer can just fire the employee without notice and thus, firing John without notifying him will not bring any legal liability on the company. The ethical theory that best supports my decision is consequentialism. Scenario 2: In this scenario, I would not fire Jim. This is because; the...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
The Doctrine of Precedent
... among the litigants. It can also be considered as a curse for the reason that problems may arise when there is no available precedents on the present case. As such, lawyers will have to look on the most analogous case law so as to establish his case. A curse in a sense that there are limited sources which could be easily identified so as to correspond with the present case. References The Doctrine of Judicial Precedent. (n.d.) Retrieved December 10, 2006 from http://www.oup.com/uk/orc/bin/9780199282500/hollandwebb_chap05.pdf... The Doctrine of Precedent Among the notable feature of a democratic society are its judicial proceedings and the adherence to the rule of law. In the exercise of a judicial proceeding, the...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Monroe Doctrine
...President Monroe's address in 1823. However, this fact did not prevent the Doctrine from becoming an exceptionally important factor in American foreign policy over the following three decades. The first use of the doctrine - still unnamed document - dates back to year 1836 when UK tried to ally with Texas. The U.S. objected this alliance citing the principles enunciated by President Monroe (Gilderus, 2002). The next occasion when the U.S. government referred to the Doctrine took place in 1845 when UK and France made attempts to stop U.S. annexation of Texas, while other European powers expressed...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Doctrine of Determinism
...the deterministic world leaves no scope for chance or probability, apparently. But what is obvious is not always true. Recent scientific studies have put forth randomness as central to the universe. A physical being's genetic make up is the result of certain permutations and combinations that are purely random. So an individual is a consequence of cosmic coincidence! Biology justifies that. The Oxford dictionary defines chance as a possibility of something happening. Probability and likelihood are the other synonyms. In fact, we devise logic on the basis of chance. There are infinite situations when probabilistic logic becomes the foundation for sound reason and subsequent action. The notion of expected...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
The Truman Doctrine
...about by war, grave consequences would emerge. Many authors have written vastly about the Truman Doctrine as discussed in this essay. According to Lykogiannis (104), Truman believed that the war was a threat not only to international peace but also to the national security of the United States. President Truman asked the United States Congress to provide economic and military support to democratic nations facing war, hence the Truman doctrine. The Truman doctrine changed the United States foreign policy effectively. Historians considered the doctrine as the genesis of the cold war (Freeland 77). The Greek Communist war got support from the...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Doctrine
...Doctrine According to Karl Marx, human beings are creative and productive rather than being a creature having only desires and needs. One of the unique characteristics of Marx’s approach or viewpoint towards human nature is that the productivity of humans can be measured along with utilized in a materialistic field. Marx denotes productivity as “man’s spiritual essence, his human essence” (Sayers 610-612). Marx’s view of human nature depict that human beings have developed a complex affiliation with the environment through their works. The ultimate view expressed by Marx regarding human nature represents that performing respective works is not the final way to satisfy the needs of an individual. In order to provide a comprehensive... ...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Employment-At-Will Doctrine
...fire an employee for declining to violate the law at employer’s request or for filing a workers compensation claim after sustaining an injury while on the job. Public policy is the most widely recognized exception in most states (Muhi, 2001). Implied Contract Exception This is the second major exception to the employment-at-will doctrine. It is applied when an implied contract is created between the employer and the employee, irrespective of express or written instrument regarding the kind of the employment relationship existing. Although employment is usually not governed by contracts, an employer can make oral or written representations to an employee concerning job security, or...
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic When and why did the Sinatra Doctrine replace the Brezhnev Doctrine in Soviet policy towards East-Central Europe for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us