We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

The First World War - Essay Example

Comments (0)
Summary
The First World War was one of the most important turning points in the history of modern civilisation. The enormous military conflict dramatically changed the face of Europe producing seven new states (Czechoslovakia, Finland, Lithuania, Estonia, Latvia, Poland and Yugoslavia), ended the epoch of huge empires such as Austro-Hungary and Ottoman Empire and brought serious changes to the colonial territories in Africa and Asia…
Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER
The First World War
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
The First World War

Download file to see previous pages... The seeds of the First World War had been sawn several decades before the conflict actually occurred. After a decade of using the military power to unify Germany and finally establish the second Reich in 1871, Otto von Bismarck applied his energies to win the time needed for the country to recover and gain power. The only way to achieve that goal was to neutralize at any cost the potential enemies that might threaten the country's new found position as a major European power. Therefore, Bismarck's foreign policy was coloured by the shades of peace over the next two decades and resulted in the famous Bismarckian Alliance system.
Bismarck had three major goals establishing a complex system of European alliances: (1) to create a peaceful German facade; (2) to create defensive alliances; (3) isolate the potential enemies. Consequently, after Europe recognised Germany as a nation during the Berlin Congress in 1878 Bismarck focused on keeping France which he perceived as the most dangerous threat to Germany in isolation. It is commonly believed that this task became the cornerstone of Bismarck's international policy from 1871 to 1894. Simultaneously the Chancellor took every possible effort to uphold peaceful co-existence with the other two major conservative European powers, Russian and Austria-Hungary by assuring them Germany did not represent any threat (Carr, 1987).
The first crucial step toward creation of the new balance of powers in Europe occurred during the Berlin Congress of 1978 when Bismarck took advantage of the opportunity to act a peace mediator between the Russian Empire, Austria, and Great Britain. The role allowed Bismarck to maintain the peace between major European powers, establish closer ties with Austria, prevent the Russian Empire from gaining too much power out of its win in the Balkan War, and promote the image of Germany as an effective international peacemaker (Pflanze, 1990). The Chancellor immediately capitalised on such an impressive success: a defensive military Dual Alliance with Austria against the Russian Empire was established in 1879 and after five years of intensive political manoeuvring Bismarck signed the defensive Reinsurance Treaty with the Russian Empire in 1885.
Bismarck supported the colonial interests of France in Africa and Asia being perfectly aware that Great Britain would sooner or later become concerned about the French threat to its traditional colonial supremacy. Consequently, France and Britain got involved in a series of conflicts over the colonies: the countries had neither time nor resources to seriously influence the political developments on the territory of Europe and threaten Germany. Bismarck further limited the influence of France by convincing Italia to join the Dual Alliance in 1882; the new configuration became known as the Triple Alliance (Carr, 1987).
Only Bismarck retirement revealed the true amount of complexity associated with the Bismarckian model of alliances. Thus, Germany participated in defensive alliances with Austria and Italy against France, the Russian ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
What were the Main Causes of the First World War
What were the main causes of the First World War? The occurrence of massive disasterous events hatched by the mankind, don’t happen in fortnight, rather have an extended background behind them ,and various reasons become carpet for its execution and make them inevitable.
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
US and the first World War
Isolationist state cites the need to focus on its internal development and structuring of the local production forces towards advancement of its economy. This policy became clearer during the World War I when America sought to isolate itself from participating in war or appearing to support any side of the conflicting parties in Europe (Morreta and Kearney 133).
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
How effective was the German U boat campaign of the First World War
This submarine was used successfully throughout the First World War period to engage Germany’s enemies. However, this submarine is popular for its devastating effects as a commercial raider. One of the factors that contributed to the high capability of this submarine to engage in the war successfully was the kind of technology involved.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
What effect did the first world war have on the health of the British population
For example, Winter’s examination of demographic statistics reveals that the “life expectancy” of civilians actually improved during the First World War.2 Bryder argues that in studies assessing the health of a population, researchers generally rely on context and health statistics made available by government officials.
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay
To what extent was the First World War a catalyst for change in the Middle East
As a result, it is crucial to evaluate the effects and influence of the First World War in the Middle East, concerning how it changed the region or acted as a catalyst for change to the region, as it is known today and even the years during and after the war.
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
German Defeat in the First World War
This supposedly led to Germany's declaration of war against Russia1. Germany's eagerness to go to war was due to a superiority complex that gave her much confidence that the war against France and Russia could be won in a very short span of time (Boyle, F.A.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Inequality in American History:from reconstruction to the first world war
With the race of power, America is one who made it through the competition. From the field of Science and Technology to the field of business, America never quitted any race. Together with other powerful nations (Japan and United Kingdom), America made it to the top of the ladder.
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
The First World War
The author of this essay explains that history is replete with many battles and wars, but the First World War was the kind of war which sharply polarized the world community. It was the first big war which saw the use of modern day warfare technology as machine guns, battle tanks, air force power and strategies in a big way.
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Food and the First World War
While exact numbers are not known, it is estimated that 65,000,000 men fought in the war, of whom at least 10,000,000 died (Browne, 2006). That was more than had been killed in all wars up till this time. WWI is known for the many technological advances that made killing so much easier and more effective.
15 Pages(3750 words)Essay
First World War
The War memorials which now decorate most British towns are a lasting testament to the disaster which overtook many of those who signed up at the beginning of the war. By 1919, the numbers of widows below 45 was more than 10% of all widows, and over half were below the age of 651.
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic The First World War for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us