We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Khomeini and Persian Literature - Essay Example

Comments (0)
Khomeini often backed his claims to speak for and represent the people on the basis of various hadith of the Prophet. 'The scholars are rulers over the people', he would cite. His political writing and commentary - and he had a lifetime's scholarship behind him - thus had a powerful logic, since they were derived from early Islamic thought and history…
Download full paper
Khomeini and Persian Literature
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
Khomeini and Persian Literature

Download file to see previous pages... At the same time he had in no way compromised with the Shah's regime. Because of this unimpeachable position Khomeini occupied and held the high moral ground. The Shah did not have a chance once his army and secret police began to unravel.
No one understood better than Khomeini himself the importance of mobilizing the masses through traditional religious symbolism. He used the tazyah processions which commemorate Karbala, the seminal historical occasion when Hussain was martyred, to mobilizing the people (p. 119). In 1978 he sent messages from abroad to Iranians asking them to prepare for the massive marches of the month of Muharram (p. 120). These would break the spirit of the military, who had no will to kills their own people. By converting the traditional mourning for Hussain during Ashurah into a challenge to the Shah, Khomeini again touched a deep chord in people (p. 121). Hussain's martyrdom was in the cause of justice and his fight against tyranny. Modern Iranians understood the message. The Muharram of 1978 was used to agitate for the abolition of the monarchy and the establishment of an Islamic state and to further challenge the USA (Baqer 1999, p. 245). In the next Muharram Khomeini directed people to return to their own neighborhood, in an attempt to calm things down.
All this is not to suggest that Khomeini was manipulating people. ...
250). Indeed it took considerable argument to persuade him to speak only of Iran in order to mobilize the Iranian people. It required further discussion to convince him that the President of Iran must be an Iranian, not just a Muslim. It must be recalled that the first foreign dignitary he received after the revolution was Yasser Arafat (p. 252). Though an Arab, Arafat symbolized an Islamic cause, that of liberating the holy placed of Palestine.
Islam for Khomeini meant Ithna Ashari or twelve Imam Shiism (Fereydoun 2003, p. 65). While providing the Shias with an immense reservoir of religious passion, this inevitably acted as a barrier between Shia and the Sunni areas and thereby created obstacles for Khomeini on the larger Muslim world stage (p. 67).
Yet Khomeini did move Shia and Sunni towards each other by declaring they were one. Throughout the Muslim world, he had earned the respect of the people. His challenging the USA, his reputation for integrity and public espousal of the Islamic cause were widely supported (p. 92). He had come to embody the moods of Islamic revivalism.
As the USA became the focus of both cultural and political opposition, and because it was the age of the Western media, Khomeini's image, in turn, became the symbol of all that was wrong with Iran in the USA. Khomeini was depicted as a humourless, cruel and medieval monk (p. 110).
Bearded clergy in flowing black robes, women covered in dark sheets, rituals centred around martyrs long dead, national hatred concentrated on the USA as the Great Satan - where does Iranian society related to the USA How do we make sense of the close relationships between the two up to the 1970s and then almost obsessive mutual hatred from the 1980s The answers are as complex as any ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Persian Wars
Second, Solon's reforms and Peisistratus’ seizing control of Sigeum had made Athens especially sensitive to any threats to its grain route from the Black Sea. Further complicating this was the fact that several Athenian nobles held lands in the North Aegean.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Comparing English with Persian
History reveals that the contemporary Persian had been in vogue during the era of all Persian dynasties and monarchies. Since Persian literature is rich and vast in respect of superb text, unique style, wonderful imagination, wisdom and intellect, it contains thousands of maxims, proverbs, idioms, phrases, fables and wise sayings both in prose and poetry.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Persian Empire
Various independent governments have been set up; most of them by men who claimed to belong to the former ruling families (Encyclop?diaBritannica, 2011). In Susiana, Babylonia, Media, Sagartia, and Margiana, as well as in Persia, there has been revolt against the legitimacy of Darius’ rule.
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
Persian carpets
Carpets provide weavers with a forum to exquisitely express their wildest fantasies of art in the most organized manner. Some of the best specimens of the Persian carpets in the modern age are referred to as the most intricate designs of art in the history of mankind.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Defying the Iranian revolution
This prompted him to filter and displace many of them, especially those who opposed his policies or tried to intervene. In fact, Shah succeeded in globalizing Iran, but found opposition from the clergy and the Socialist Party that had a strong role, during that time.
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Iran during the rule of Ayatollah Khomeini
He got educated at home and at the local school the supervision of Mullah Abdul-Qaasim and Shaykh Jaafar. Khomeini commenced his studies in Arak during the year 1921 and took up the residence at the Dar-al-Shafa school in Qom upon the invitation of Ayatullah Shaykh Abdul-Karim Haeri-Yazdi.
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Persian and Mughal Miniatures
According to the report the paintings were very popular and expensive till 16th Century. These were very costly and considered royal. The art work was so labor intensive that sometimes it used to take months to year to complete one miniature paintings. These paintings have their own unique place in the world of art and aesthetics.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
The Persian Letters
In Letter 17, Usbek had asked Mollah Mehemet Ali, Guardian of The Three Tombs at Koum, to clarify his doubts regarding this subject. He has asked, “whence comes it that our Lawgiver forbids the use of swine flesh…why are we forbidden to touch a corpse and why for the purification of our souls is this endless washing of the body ordained?”
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay
Economy of Persian Gulf
The author of the text touches upon the issues of trade in the private and public sector. And it is emphasized that globalization creates a link between the nations of the world and this link is made possible by the continuously emerging forms of communication. It should be mentioned that the Internet has greatly contributed to this and technology as a whole.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Persian Gulf Today
Moreover, the Christians were to be excluded from military services. The word Baghdad originates from the Persian Empire, which referred to God as Bagh. The suffix dad meant gift according to the Persian Empire. In
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic Khomeini and Persian Literature for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us