We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

British Press in 1840-1860s - Essay Example

Comments (0)
The British press has a popular reputation around the world as a 'free' press', not dependant upon the government or ruling classes for its information. The revolution began early, with the 17th Century Civil War being influenced and reported by pamphleteers: those who we would now call journalists…
Download full paper
British Press in 1840-1860s
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
British Press in 1840-1860s

Download file to see previous pages... However, these attempts failed, and when the editor of a radical paper was sued in 1819, "The paper's circulation rose by over 50 per cent" (Curren, 1991, 12). Even the Stamp duty on paper, which was increased massively between 1789 and 1815 (Curren, page 13), was not enough to control the radical papers, and in 1836 the Government reduced the duty by three quarters: the intention was to "Put down the unstamped papers" (Curren, page 14). In fact, by the middle of the 1840's the intent had changed to influencing the workers "To secure the loyalty of the working classes to the social order" (Curren, page 27).
The beginnings of the popular press, were therefore in the intention of the government to suppress and smother the radical working-class papers which had appeared in the later Georgian era. Influenced by the rise of newspapers backed by men with money, the campaigners in the 1830's demanded the development of a free market: "Free tradewould 'give to men of capital and respectability the power of gaining access by newspapersto the minds of the working classes'" (Curren, 1991, 29).
Other developments also influenced the growth of the press in this twenty-year period. The first was the blossoming of working class literacy, from about two-thirds of men and half of women in 1841 to four fifths of men and three quarters of women in 1871:
In addition, the twent...
In addition, the twenty years between 1840 and 1860 saw a growth in the industrialization of the press, which meant that each paper could now achieve higher sales, with numbers of papers rising from " 200 in 1846 to 750 in 1865" (Newsome, 1998, page 144). There were nearly four times as many papers available in 1860 than were there in 1840; but these were not the same papers which had been produced in the 1790's. The huge machines which now printed newspaper runs, and the repeal of taxes served to increase the running costs of the papers: by 1855, the prime minister was told "That a capital of about 20,000 was needed to start a London daily paper" (Curren, 1991, page 36). What this meant is that by the 1850's, most of the newspapers being produced where owned and established by the wealthy: land magnates, factory owners, and the upper-middle and upper classes. Other papers, such as the Morning Post, began as Whig supporters, and were turned into Tory publications by new owners (Cambridge, chapter 9). In addition, the price of a newspaper had risen from about 1d before the Stamp Duty repeals to 3 or 4d afterwards.

These were the first effects upon the social fabric of the working class; between 1830 and 1840, the popular press became more and more focused on capitalism, and its readership centered upon the middle classes, and the lower classes fell back into pamphlets, or 'penny dreadfuls' as they were known in the Victorian era.
Much of the concern came from clergymen, journalists and magistrates
Who seem to have assumed that the penny dreadful readership was
Almost entirely young, working class and male (Chris Willis, 2000)
The ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Divisions between the British tabloid and the serious, quality Press
It is extremely different in the manner in which it is viewed and operates currently (Briggs & Burke 2005, p. 35). Media historians assert that some of the newspapers that were in high circulation during the pre- Victorian period include; the infamous Northern Star, The Weekly Police Gazette, and the Cobbett’s Twopenny Trash.
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Text and Practices: Gay and Lesbian Representation in the British Tabloid Press
Chapter 2. Literature Review. 2.1 Functions of Media in Modern Western Societies. 2.2 Feminism, gender theory and language. 2.3 Power, discourse and identity. 2.4 Heterosexual, gay and lesbian identity and language. 2.5 Summary and application to British tabloid journalism.
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay
Foreign Press vs. U.S. Press
The target had been the police station in the Iraq. The three bombs took place one after another near the police station. The first bomb blast happened at around 9 am on Thursday when people were busy in their routinely activities. The first bomb exploded in the parking lot creating chaos scene and forcing police marshals outside their headquarters, in the northern Iraq city of Kirkuk.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Party Press
There is controversy on whether, cell phones could be considered as part of the mass media or not. The first printed book which was dated was named “Diamond Sutra”, printed in China, around 868 AD. Although there exists evidence that books were printed even before that stated date.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
British Press
The advent of advertising meant that newspapers could generate their own income and not have to rely on state and party subsidies, which put them under subjection to those who held the purse strings. While today's "independent" British press enjoys relative freedom and can offer the reading public a range of viewpoints, it is controlled by the sway of advertising dollars, which has introduced a new type of censorship regulated by market forces (Curran 2002, 81).
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
Press Release
Akshat Aranya, Charles P. Wright and Erez Zadok, however, solved that problem. They invented Tracef, an easy to use, convenient, portable way of using file traces. Tracef can use files from any system, without modifying them. The files then can be used for a number of different things, including turning the data into aggregator counters or even anonymized streams.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
How were British Muslims and Islam as a faith represented in the press coverage of the 7/7 London bombings
His support and encouragement was in the end what made this dissertation possible. Last but not least, I would like to thank my family and friends, for their continuous support during my
36 Pages(9000 words)Essay
Press Release
Witness state he did not give the police a statement. He was booked Sunday at 1:23 p.m. at the Turner Guilford Knight
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Press Release
The purpose of a press release is to give journalists information that is useful, accurate and interesting” (Aten, n.d., par. 2). An effective press release
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Press release
Authors are given the opportunity to become publishing partners with the best community backers specializing in books. CrowdBook through its able technical support of publishers supports the authors to make their work become a reality. They present their projects, and
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic British Press in 1840-1860s for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us