This dissertation considers the fall of communism from a number of viewpoints. While its ultimate crash occurred quite quickly, the stresses and strains that led to its demise had been building up for a number of years…
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The talks, symbolically taking place around a massive "round table" legalized Solidarity, and allowed them to put up as many candidates as they wanted for the Polish Senate. They were only allowed to contend for 35% of the seats in the lower house, the Sejm. While pre-election forecasts suggested the Communists would win, in fact, there was a landslide for Solidarity. It won 92 out of 99 Senate seats and all 161 seats it was contending in the lower house. Had it been allowed to contend all seats it seems likely that Solidarity would have won more than 95% of the seats going. The Communist Party (the PZPR) was left virtually powerless, and the first non-Communist Prime Minister of Poland, Bronislaw Geremek, was chosen from the lower house. His acceptance speech spoke of a "thick line" (Jendt, 2005) that would be drawn between the Communist past and the Solidarity-led future. As Jendt (2005) puts it, "in hindsight the outcome of the round-table was a negotiated end to Communism, and at least to some of the participants, that much was already clear . . . but no-one anticipated the speed of the denouement." In conclusion, the speed of the ultimate breakdown of Communist was remarkable, but it can be explained by the fact that the Communists had been holding on to power through a relentless artificiality for nearly a decade. Once the bonds of the Soviet Union were released and the people were actually allowed a free vote, the pent up frustrations and will to change that had been growing within them burst into a massive rejection of Communism....
But this weakness had not always been the case. For several centuries during the Middle Ages Poland was one of the most powerful countries in Europe. But as the Renaissance took hold and as the balance of power shifted westwards, its fortunes waned. By the 1600's the days of Polish power were long gone. Nearly four centuries ago Polish armies were having to repel the attentions of more powerful enemies. Thus in 1633, the Poles survived through the talents of one Wladyslaw IV, who pushed back intended invasions from the Turks, Russians and Swedes.
Distant Polish history is not of too much relevance to this study, but it suffices to say that its geographical position has led Poland to being an easy target for a number of powers. In the eighteenth century Napoleon invaded Poland as part of his plan to dominate Russia, only to be fought back. Its involvement in the two world wars in the Twentieth Century would lead to the brutal invasion of the Nazis, followed by a partition of the country between Germany and Russia, before the former attacked the latter. For two years (1942-1944) Poland came under a purely German rule, before the Russians pushed them back and ended up essentially staying once WWII was finished. The history of Poland up until this time is perhaps best summed up by the title of a book about the unfortunate region: God's Playground: A History of Poland. (Davies, 1982). Poland has been invaded, occupied, played as a pawn in geopolitical games of chess between larger powers, and largely run roughshod over for centuries.
It is a remarkable feat of will and imagination that has maintained a sense of the Polish people's "identity". It is this "identity"1 that was as important to the fall of Communism as anything else.
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Though having its underpinnings in the earlier conventions like the Uniform Law on International Sale of Goods (ULIS), the Uniform Law on the Formation of Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (ULF) and Uniform Laws on International Sales (ULIS), CISG is considered to be more global in nature as it caters for the needs of diverse countries.
urban population, with the example of Chicago City being used. Within the context of the present narrative, the following issues will be dwelt on: (a) A decline of traditional Fordist class structure and of the industrial working class as its principal agent; (b) The rise of precarious labor and the new middle class as the new social agents of a neo-liberal age; (c) Geographical dimensions of Chicago’s transformations: the ‘beneficiary’ and ‘loser’ areas; (d) An example of the Loop as the urban area of a ‘new Chicago’.
Of the ‘new world’ economies, China in particular, has demonstrated a strong growth market in outbound travel. Britain is keen to attract the Chinese tourists as they spend three times the amount than tourists from other countries. The UK and China are distinctly different in the cultural dimensions and culture impacts expectations and needs.
According to the report the 21st century has seen a lot of policy changes being made in the US learning curriculum. These changes have directly and indirectly encouraged the introduction and entrenchment of research experience in high school. Some high school programs such have thrived and provide an intense 6-week internship for scientific research.
The paper outlines not only the Polish immigration effects on the U.K. but also the economic status of the EU, and an overview of Poland and its potential capabilities for reversing the exodus. This is considered important as the U.K. is planning to further regulate what benefits will continue to be available for all immigrants entering the U.K.
The study focuses on daily experiences of Muslim women in Great Britain and its London regions. Interestingly, their experiential responses and subsequent actions to counteract the negative feedback had not been put into perspective. This paper expounds on social experiences that Muslim women had undergone, and their own defense reactions and adaptive mechanisms to such events.
Hence, causing numerous disease-related distress cases both among the ailing and close people whom spent their entire time acting as caregivers (Boman, Bjork & Lindahl, 2003). Mainly, caregivers in this case encompass family members and other close people who normally intervene with the intention of aiding the affected.
Osteoarthritis, abbreviated as OA, can affect on each and every aspect of someone’s life, including a person’s ability to be independent, their relationships, social life, as well as emotional welfare (Brown et al., 2011).
In other terms, time for family affairs and reunion is quite short just as it is for leisure activities for individuals and families. Hence, leisure needs are not only accumulating but increase greatly whenever time is available. With reference to pre-school or early childhood development and education, time spent and activities shared with preschool children have quite great influences on their early learning and development.
The researcher claims that the adventure and the excitement offered to its customers are considered as the main reason behind selecting this particular destination. The wildlife interaction plays a major role in captivating the tourist. The climatic condition of Dolphin Discovery Centre is favorable for organizing various camps.
6 Pages(1500 words)Dissertation
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