Nobody downloaded yet

Life for African Americans in the United States after slavery was abolished - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Life for African Americans in the United States after the abolition of slavery The end of the Civil War declared the US a new and wholly free nation in 1865 (Foner). The abolition of slavery with the end of the Civil War raised a range of complications for the African Americans…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.2% of users find it useful
Life for African Americans in the United States after slavery was abolished
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Life for African Americans in the United States after slavery was abolished"

Download file to see previous pages After the defeat of the Confederacy, the southern states faced economic and physical devastation. While millions of slaves got freedom legally, the political infrastructures of the southern states lost their legitimacy. Transformation of the South into a free labor economy and readmission of the southern states to the union imparted the need for reconstruction of the South. Freedom fight of the slaves in the post-Civil War and the Reconstruction Era transformed into a struggle for survival. Most of the slaves that had been withdrawn from the plantations were penniless. African Americans’ wages frequently fluctuated as a result of their perceived worth. Manual labor could be replaced easily in the post-Civil War era. There were only a few ex-slaves that had the kind of money to own a piece of land as a vast majority of the ex-slaves dealt with the issue of lack of source of income. As per the estimate of the 1880 Census, no more than 20 per cent of the African Americans were, in part, the owners of the land on which they farmed (“Being an African American”). Most of such holdings were also beset with debt that led to the crippling of the ex-slaves in the long run. For some, life at the time of slavery was better than after its abolishment because as slaves, they at least had some place to sleep and eat at that time. Sharing his views on the dark side of emancipation in the post-Civil War era, Johnson stated, “Since them times, a many a nigger has had it tough to make a livin’. I know dat is so, too, cause I has been all long dere” (Johnson). Ex-slaves saw immense poverty during the Reconstruction Era. Years of prevalence of poverty caused a lack of medical care and nourishment among the ex-slaves which resulted in a high rate of mortality among the African Americans in general and among their children in particular. Ex-slaves were under the burden of due medical bills and were still not able to access the required medical attention. Many started using herbal remedies to treat their illnesses. According to the Census of 1900, annual death rate of the African Americans was 30 in every 1,000 opposed to no more than 17 per 1,000 among the White Americans (“Being an African American”). 79 years old James Johnson, an ex-slave from Columbia noted that he “[felt] and [knew] dat de years after de war was worser than befo’” (Johnson). Although the slaves’ freedom was secured by The Emancipation Proclamation and victory of The Union, yet ex-slaves were not liberated under the Jim Crow Laws and segregation. Emancipation brought along with it new kinds of challenges, insecurities, and problems for the ex-slaves. Malnourishment and health deterioration were only some of the multitude of problems ex-slaves had to deal with in the post-Civil War era. A deep sense of isolation from their families weakened the ex-slaves emotionally and psychologically. This division was mainly caused by the sale of slaves, owners’ death, and presentation of the slaves in the pre-Civil War era as gifts from one owner to another. The slaves’ newly found freedom was dampened by loneliness and alienation. White Americans not only saw the African Americans as a nuisance upon normality but also as a potential risk to their dominance. “Our greatest danger is that in the great leap from slavery to freedom we may overlook the fact that the masses of us are to live by the productions of our hands, and fail to keep in mind that we shall prosper in proportion as we learn to dignify and ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Life for African Americans in the United States after slavery was Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Life for African Americans in the United States After Slavery Was Essay)
“Life for African Americans in the United States After Slavery Was Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Life for African Americans in the United States after slavery was abolished

Slavery in the United States

...farms in Virginia as well as sugar plantations. After African slaves were first brought to the colony of North Carolina in 1670 slavery spread throughout the South.6 (“Slavery in the colonial United States”) Northerners also bought slaves. They commonly worked as domestic servants, artisans and artesian servants. Aside from Africans many colonists would also capture Native Americans and force them into slavery. If Native Americans were able to escape they would go to Florida where they could be free. The Virginia Slave codes of 1705 legally justified the use of slaves...
13 Pages(3250 words)Research Paper

African slavery in the United States

...There are several economic factors that contributed to the African slavery in the United s. Patterson (2002) asserts "Slavery was born out of economic motives. Its perpetuation was driven by economic factors, and even many efforts by abolitionists to end slavery had economic motives. Indeed, the decision to use slave labor was a deliberate, rational choice made by men who sought economic gains that were greater than what they could obtain from wage labor or indentured servitude" (para. 2). To be sure, in a capitalist system in which the promise of profit drives behavior, the institution of slavery would not have survived in America, and a...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Slavery in the United States

...Slavery in the United s: To what extent was it a harsh but profitable Historians have long discussed the role of slavery in the agricultural boom of the 1700-1800s in the southern United States. In terms of national history, few disputes have been as hotly contended as the utilization of slavery for economic prosperity and the justifications that utilization entails. Although historians discuss the institution of slavery in terms of human rights and race issues, slavery in the United States has primarily been interpreted by historians as the economic issue that it was. ...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Life of African Americans in Literature

...Living inside Fences (A Comparative Essay on African American lives) August Wilson's Fences and Alice Walker's Everyday Use are two literary piecesthat talk about the lives of African Americans at the time racism existed. It centers on the lead characters Troy Maxson and Mrs. Johnson and their struggle to raise their family while finding their true identities amidst the presence of racism. Fences, a play set in the late fifties, is about the barriers that developed among Troy and his wife Rose and also with his two sons. Troy, fifty three, a former baseball player, works hard as a garbage collector to feed his family. As the story goes on, misunderstandings are created...
4 Pages(1000 words)Book Report/Review

African Americans

...Native Americans Test What was your score? Why do you think you did—or did not—do well on this quiz? My score was 5 – I got half of the questions correct. I did well on those questions which required greater historical knowledge, but on the later questions dealing with the living conditions of contemporary Native Americans, I was more likely to choose a wrong answer. I think this was partly because the figures given were so surprising. For example, I suggested that 1 in 20 Native American young people might have tried to commit suicide by the end of High School, which I considered to be an incredibly high, and worrying statistic. The correct answer was even more worrying. The fact that I...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

African Americans

...African Americans: Questions What are the primary cultural characteristics of African Americans? African Americans represent American citizens whose ancestry can be traced to be of African origin (Hall, 2005). African Americans form a significant part of the American population and are a significant part of American history (Anderson & Stewart, 2007). Many African Americans today come from families that were originally brought to the Americas as slaves, and as a result are part of a group that defines...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

African Americans

...Luyu Wang Kimberly Escamilla English 110 03 March African Americans Different life experiences shape perceptions and lead to loss of innocence at varying ages. One of the most prevalent themes in the short story ‘Every Tongue Shall Confess’ and ‘Drinking Coffee Elsewhere’ is change or self-identification. In both stories, the main character, young women of African American origin, are faced with a number of challenges and situations which lead them to a kind of general realization regarding issues like race, religion and life in general. Additionally, as one reads the short stories, from the beginning till the end, the reader is able to...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

African Americans

..., there are no segregated public places in America as everyone is treated equally. Conclusion It is, therefore, clear that black-Americans endured a lot in the 18th to 20th century. They also lost many leaders during their quest for freedom. For instance in 1849, Harriet who grew in slavery escaped her life as a slave and moved to Philadelphia. After she had escaped, she became the leading abolitionist as she fought slavery. During that time, Harriet risked her life to ensure that she helped the slaves. Another event that shows the resilience of the black people was in 1877 when Henry graduated from the military school. Henry endured...
4 Pages(1000 words)Term Paper

African Americans

...States included the great second migration. Although it started in 1941, it was a significant all through 1945 to 1970. Africans moved into states like California, where job opportunities were being offered in the defense industry. This movement was in search of employment opportunities and better living conditions. The second event that took place in the United States was the Urban Settlement, where most Africans settled in major cities and towns in the United States. Primary References (2014, April). African American History. History Matters. (2015, January)....
1 Pages(250 words)Thesis

Life under slavery in the United States

...Hyun Jae Song Carlson Econ/Hist 355W April 15th Life under Slavery in the United s Slaves worked in the plantations of theirmasters where they experienced diverse treatment from their maters and overseers. Some slaves were punished for disobedience and others were being rewarded for working as instructed. Slavery existed in America from early years in the colonial period. The 13th amendment in 1865 abolished slavery in USA and its border states like Kentucky that had over 50,000 slaves. Among Indian tribes, some who were from the state of Oklahoma had black slaves that were treated similarly like in other...
17 Pages(4250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Life for African Americans in the United States after slavery was abolished for FREE!

Contact Us